Biomedical Core

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Author:
faulkner116
ID:
187350
Filename:
Biomedical Core
Updated:
2012-12-05 14:48:56
Tags:
Module10
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Description:
Objective 30-35
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  1. Head and Neck

    Extraocular Muscle Group:
    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    Origin: skull (eye socket or orbit)

    Insertion: eyeball

    Action: eye movements
  2. Head and Neck

    Masseter:
    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    Origin: maxilla, zygomatic arch

    Insertion: mandible

    Action: closes the mouth
  3. Head and Neck

    Sternocleidomastoid:
    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    Origin: clavile, sternum

    Insertion: temporal bone

    Action: tilt head towards ipsilateral shoulder
  4. Pectoral Girdle and Shoulder

    Trapezius
    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    Origin: occipital bone, cervical spine

    Insertion: clavicle, scapula

    Action: move scapula
  5. Pectoral Girdle and Shoulder

    Pectoralis Major:
    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    Origin: clavicle, upper ribs

    Insertion: humerus

    Action: adduct arm
  6. Pectoral Girdle and Shoulder

    Latissimus Dorsi:
    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    Origin: thoracic vertebrae, lumbar vertebrae, iliac bone of pelvis

    Insertion: humerus

    Action: pulls are inferiorly and posteriorly (butterfly stroke)
  7. Pectoral Girdle and Shoulder

    Deltoid:
    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    Origin: clavicle, scapula

    Insertion: humerus

    Action: abduct, flex, medially rotate, upper arm
  8. Upper Extremity

    Biceps Brachii:
    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    Origin: scapula

    Insertion: radius

    Action: flexes forearm at elbow
  9. Upper Extremity

    Triceps Brachii:
    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    Origin: scapula (long head), humerus (lateral/medial heads)

    Insertion: ulna (funny bone)

    Action: extends arm and forearm
  10. Upper Extremity

    Brachialis:
    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    Origin: humerus

    Insertion: ulna

    Action: flexes forearm at elbow
  11. Upper Extremity

    Brachioradialis:
    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    Origin: humerus

    Insertion: radius

    Action: supinates forearm
  12. Breathing

    Diaphragm:
    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    Origin: ribs 7-12, sternum, lumbar vertebrae

    Insertion: central tendon

    Action: breathing (also separates thoracic & abdominal cavities)
  13. Breathing

    Intercostals:
    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    • *external intercostals elevate ribs (inhalation)
    • *internal intercostals depress ribs (forced exhalation)

    Origin: lower surface of ribs

    Insertion: upper surface of ribs

    Action: changes volume of chest in breathing
  14. Abdominal

    Rectus Abdominis (straight abdominal muscle):
    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    Origin: pubic bone of pelvis

    Insertion: ribs 5-7, sternum

    Action: flexes vertebral column and compresses abdomen.
  15. Abdominal

    External Oblique (outside diagonal muscle):
    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    Origin: ribs 5-12

    Insertion: iliac crest of pelvis linea alba

    Action: flexes vertebral column and compresses abdomen
  16. Abdominal

    Internal Oblique (inside diagonal muscle):
    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    Origin: iliac crest of pelvis

    Insertion: ribs 7-10, linea alba

    Action: flexes vertebral column and compresses abdomen.
  17. Abdominal

    Transversus Abdominis (perpendicular abdominal muscle):
    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    Origin: iliac crest of pelvis, ribs 5-10

    Insertion: rib 12, L1-L4

    Action: flexes vertebral column and compresses abdomen
  18. Pelvic Girdle and Lower Extremity

    Gluteus Maximus:
    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    Origin: iliac crest of pelvis, sacrum, coccyx

    Insertion: femur

    Action: extension of thigh, lateral rotation of thigh
  19. Muscles of the thigh are divided into three compartments, what are they?
    Anterior compartment- contains femur + quadriceps group

    Posterior compartment- contains hamstring group

    *blood vessels and nerves run in "seams" between compartments
  20. Pelvic Girdle and Lower Extremity

    Quadriceps Group:
    Rectus Femoris
    Vastus Lateralis
    Vastus Intermedius
    Vastus medialis

    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    *Same for all four


    Origin: iliac spine of pelvis femur

    Insertion: quadriceps tendon, patella, patellar ligament, tibia

    Action: flexes thigh extends leg
  21. Pelvic Girdle and Lower Extremity

    Hamstring Group: (biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus)
    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    Origin: ischial tuberosity of pelvis

    Insertion: fibula, tibia

    Action: extends thigh flexes leg
  22. Pelvic Girdle and Lower Extremity

    Gastrocnemius:
    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    Origin: femur

    Insertion: calcaneus (heel) via calcaneal tendon

    Action: flexes foot
  23. Pelvic Girdle and Lower Extremity

    Soleus:
    Give the origin, insertion, and action
    Origin: fibula, tibia

    Insertion: calcaneus (heel) via calcaneal tendon

    Action: flexes foot

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