Comparative Politics

Card Set Information

Comparative Politics
2010-05-11 02:25:56
Final Exam Vocab

Final Exam Vocab words to know!
Show Answers:

  1. Organizations outside of the state that help people define and advance their own interests.
    Civil Society
  2. A process whereby the state co-opts members of the public by providing specific benefits or favors to a single person or a small group in return for public support.
  3. Party determines the order, goes in order of ranking, public knows the order of the candidates and cannot change that
    Closed List PR
  4. A situation where every in it has two alternatives to choose from
    Collective Action Problem
  5. A policy sought for in the Soviet Union under Stalin that was to consolidate individual land and labor in to collevtive farms. This was looking to increase the food supply for the urban population.
  6. 1) A political-economic system in which all wealth & property is shared so as to eliminate exploitation, oppression, and ultamitely thae need for political institutions such as the state.
    2) A political ideology that supports the above statement.
  7. A voting system where electors are obligated to vote or attend a polling place. (Brazil)
    Compulsory Voting
  8. Refers to the undoing of colonialism, the establishment of governance, or authority through the creation of settlements by another country or jurisdiction. (Japan, Soviet Union)
  9. Process by which a new democracy matures, which means that is unlikely to revert to authoritarianism without an external shock.
    Democratic Consolidation
  10. Refers to the political process of movement aimed at establishing democracy.
    Democratic Transition
  11. Transition to a more political regime. The outcome may be consolidated, as it was in the UK.
  12. A theory that resources flow from poor/undeveloped places to more wealthy states, enriching the latter at the expense of the former.
    Dependence Theory
  13. -SMD/Plurality rule election systems tend to have a two-party systems.
    -PR systems tend to have multiple party systems
    Duverger's Law
  14. A system in which significant state powers, such as taxation, lawmaking, & security, are devolved to regional or local bodies.
  15. The measure of inequality regarding income and wealth, or the dispersion of it.
    Gini Coefficient (Index)
  16. Literally, openness. The policy of the political liberalization implemented in the Soviet Union in the late 80's.
  17. A statistical tool that attempts to evaluate the overall wealth, health, & knowledge of a country's people.
    Human Development Indext (HDI)
  18. Rule by an elected leadership thru procedures of questionable democratic legitimacy.
    Illebreal Democracy
  19. A system in which a stsate extends its power to directly control territory, resources, & people beyond its borders.
  20. Government strategy that emphasizes the replacement of some agricultural or industrial imports to encourage local production for local consumption, rather than producing export markets.
    Import Substitution
  21. A way for members of a society to express their needs in a government system. It can range from face to face with a political leader to a riot.
    Interest Articulation
  22. Low income countries that are suffering from longterm hardships
    LDC's (Least Developed Countries)
  23. A theory asserting that as societies developed, they would take on a set of common characteristics, inlcuding democracy & capitalism.
    Modernization Theory
  24. An electoral district with more than one seat
    Multi-Member District
  25. -Party determines inital order of candidates, but voters can rank individuals higher on a list
    -Avenue for greater public involvement
    Open-List PR
  26. Government in which roles of head of state & head of government are assigned to seperate executive offices.
  27. Literally, restructing. The policy of political & economic liberalization implemented in the Soviet Union in the late 80's.
  28. First past the post, elect one representative.
  29. A political ideology in which the roles of the head of state & head of government are combined in one executive office.
  30. An electoral system in which political parties compete in MMD's; voters choose between parties & the seats in the distric are awarded proportionally according to the results of the votes.
    Proportional Representation (PR)
  31. An electoral district with one seat
    Single Member District (SMD)