PBJ 102 Final

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PBJ 102 Final
2012-12-08 18:34:44
social work

last chapters and guest speakers
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  1. Generalist Social Work
    • Incorporates needs of individual, community, oraganizations
    • Offers broad range of interventions
    • Organized into three function: consulting with client, managing their resources, and offering information to client and systems
    • Work with them using their resources
    • Look at all aspects
  2. Consultancy at the Microlevel
    • Enabler Role
    • individual (interviews)
    • Work to resolve challenges in social functioning
    • Facilitate client's discovery of solutions
    • Help clients expand ability to problem solve
    • Identify needs, clarify situations, develop capacity to deal with challenges
    • Conditions for change are within the client
  3. Consultancy at the Mezzolevel
    • Facilitator Role
    • Group (Family)
    • Work is primarily with formal groups and organizations
    • Enhancing individual behavior comes through work with groups
    • Brings in human service workers to enhance functioning
    • Improve organization, administration, decision-making
  4. Consultancy at Macrolevel
    • Planner Role
    • Community (community organizer)
    • Work with community or societal structures
    • Assess needs that are currently unmet
    • Goal setting
    • Policy initiation
    • Community planning
    • Social planner must review both available resources and restraints
  5. Social Policies
    • Laws: mandated reporting of child abuse; labor laws to protect children; Legislation enacted since 1921(often involve lobbying - advocating and educating
    • Court Decisions: protect citizens from discrimination; ACLU; Southern Poverty Law Center
    • Administrative Policy: affirmative action; civil service
    • Programs - Services Offered: Meals on Wheels; Socialization
  6. Social Security Act of 1935
    • Major source of public welfare programs for: poor, unemployed, elderly, have disabilities, children and families
    • Amended several times
    • Currently, 3 components or benefits: unemployment insurance, insurance for the elderly, payments to those who are orphaned or suffer from certain disabilities
    • Baby Boomers: born 1946-1964; 76 million; estimated 10,000 will become eligible each day for the next 20 years
  7. 4 Areas of public domain of Social Work
    • Poverty and the poor
    • The criminal justice system
    • Unemployment
    • The homeless
  8. Classification of the Poor
    • Transitional Poor: temporary, short-term due to changing conditions
    • Marginal Poor: due to under employment, earn barely enough to make ends meet; may not have medical or retirement benefits
    • Residual Poor: remain in poverty over long periods of time, even generations
  9. Project Head Start
    • Service program designed to address issues of poverty
    • Established in 1965
    • Improves access to early childhood education to those who have income below poverty level
    • Identify children with disabilities
    • Family support services: employment, housing, parenting, substance abuse; Provide access to health care, nutrition, social services
  10. Restorative Justice
    • Focus is on: offender, victim, community
    • Hold offender accountable
    • Restore victim and community back to whole by having offender make "repairs": restitution, community service(DWI working with brain injured patients; criminal mischief restoring houses)
    • Pay fine
    • May involve mediation
    • Mediation may not be feasable
    • Crime victim impact statements
    • Crime victim boards
    • Restitution: funding comes from fines, asset fortfeiture
  11. The Empowerment Process
    • 1) Forming Partnerships: wants and accepts services, need interpersonal skills
    • 2) Articulating Situations: establish a dialogue
    • 3) Defining Directions: establish priorities, goals, objectives
    • 4) Identifying Strengths: client can formulate solutions, enhance involvement
    • 5)Assessing Resource Capabilities: gather info, identify resources to help them meet needs
    • 6) Framing Solutions: develop goals and objectives, specify plan of action
    • 7) Activating Resources: initiating actions that will result in achieving the desired outcome
    • 8) Creating Alliances: empowerment groups, support networks
    • 9) Expanding Opportunities: edu, political involvement, a job, community involvement
    • 10) Recognizing Success: progress evaluation, outcome assessment
    • 11) Integrating Gains: process comes to a close, change continues
  12. Hospice
    • "house of rest"
    • most non-profit
    • inpatient, out patient, bereavement services for persons who's end-stage is terminal illness
    • plans of care
    • end of life care extends to the family and organizational and legislative policy advocacy to immprove care