13.3 John Calvin and Calvinism

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13.3 John Calvin and Calvinism
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2012-12-05 22:48:24
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  1. John Calvin
    • a.      Calvin:
    •                                                               i.      Educated in humanistic studies nad law in France
    •                                                             ii.      Influenced by Lutehr’s writings, which were circulation and being read by French intellectuals
    •                                                           iii.      Converted due to religious crisis
    • 1.      Convinced of inner guidance of God that he became most determined Protestant reformers 
  2. After Calvin's Conversion
    •                                                               i.      After conversion and conviction, he wasn’t safe in Paris, since king Francis I killed Protestants
    • 1.      Made way to Basel, where he published Institutes of the Christian Religion, a synthesis of Protestant thought that immediately secured his rep as one of new Protestant leaders
  3. Calvin Ideas
    •                                                               i.      Adhered to doctrine of justification by faith alone to explain how humans achieved salvation
    •                                                             ii.      Emphasized absolute sovereignty of God
    • 1.      Gave rise to Predestination  
    • a.      MEANT THAT God had predestined people to be saved and others to be damned
  4. Tests to indicate possible salvation
    • a.      Three tests that will indicate possible salvation:
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Open profession of faith
    •                                                                                                                                     ii.      Decent and godly life
    •                                                                                                                                   iii.      Participation in sacraments of baptism and communion
    •                                                                                                                                   iv.      Worldly success and wealth not a factor
    •                                                             ii.      Although he said there could be no absolute certainty of salvation, some followers didn’t always make this distinction
    • 1.      The practical psycholocial effect of predestination was to give some later Calvinists an unshakable conviction that they were doing God’s work on earth
  5. Calvinism became a dynamic and activist faith
    •                                                               i.      militant international form of Protestantism
    •                                                             ii.      Churhc was a divine institution responsible for preacing the word of God and admisntering the sacraments
    • 1.      Only batptims and lord’s supper
    • a.      Baptism: sign of remission of sins
    • b.      Real presence of Juesus in Eucharist, but only spirtiautlly
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Jesus’ body at right hand onf God, not in sacrament
    • 1.      To believer, however, jesus spiritually present in Lord’s supper
  6. a.      Geneva
    •                                                               i.      Before 1536, Calvin was a scholar, but took up a ministry in Geneva that lasted, except for a brief exile, until his death in 1564
    •                                                             ii.      Achieved major success in 1541 when city council accepted his new church constitution, known as Ecclesiastical Ordinances
  7. Ecclesiastical Ordinances
    • 1.      Created a church government that used both clergy and laymen in the service of the church
    • a.      Consistory, a special body for enforcing moral discipline, was set up as a court to oversee the moral life and doctrinal purity of Genevans
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      As its power increased, the consistory went form “fraternal corrections” to use of public penance and excommunication, with most serious cases being turned over to city council for punishments greater than excommunication
    • 2.      During Calvin’s last years, stricter laws against blasphemy enacted and enforced with banishment and public whippings 
  8. Success
    John Knox 
    • 1.      John Knox:
    • a.      Calvinist reformer of Scotland called it most perfect school of Christ on earth
    •                                                             ii.      Following Calvin, missionaries trained in Geneva were sent ot all parts of Europe
    • 1.      Calvinism in France, Netherlands, Scotland, c. and e. Europe
    • 2.      16th c: replaced Luthernism as international form of Protestantism and Calvin’s Geneva stood as the fortress of Reformation
    • The Social Impact of the Protestant Reformaiton

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