SW Arch

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Author:
pakers
ID:
187481
Filename:
SW Arch
Updated:
2012-12-06 00:36:16
Tags:
southwest archaeology
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Description:
SW Archaeology final questions
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  1. Canyon de Chelly
    • NE Arizona
    • population peaking Pueb III until 1275
    • White House ruin
    • Antelope House
  2. Antelope House
    • In Canyon de Chelly
    • 70 rooms
    • Excavated 1960s & 1970s
    • Artifacts, botanicals, wood, fiber, clothing
  3. Household
    universal unit performing day-to-day activities together
  4. Sodality
    organized society or fellowship
  5. Honanki
    • Sedona, AZ
    • small village of 60 rooms
    • rock art
  6. Keet Seel
    • Occupied for about 50 years in late 1200s
    • Canyon alcove
    • Jeff Dean detailed study
    • Goods sealed when abandoned
  7. Nuvakwewtaka
    • aka Chavez Pass
    • South edge of CO Plateau
    • 1300s
    • ASU archaeologists
    • 1000 rooms
  8. Kinnickinnick
    • early 1300s
    • CO Plateau edge near Flagstaff
    • Yellow ware
    • big room blocks and plazas, racetrack
  9. Kinishba
    • Apache Reservation
    • early 1300s
    • AZ archaeologist reconstruction
    • plazas and big room blocks
  10. Grasshopper
    • University of Arizona field school
    • well fitted masonry
  11. Zuni
    • 1500 7 towns
    • 1550 collapse into one
    • world much larger than current lands
  12. Homolovi
    • Little Colorado River
    • condensed cluster 1400
    • stepping stone for Hopi?
    • 3 story room block
    • 800 rooms
  13. Awatovi
    • Hopi village
    • destroyed 1700
    • murals of maize and birds
    • cotton clothing
  14. Hopi
    • 4 mesas
    • smaller villages
    • sophisticated dry farming
  15. Pahos
    Hopi prayer stick
  16. Rio Grande Pueblos
    • eastern edge of CO Plateau
    • 7000'
    • permanent watered valley
  17. Tyuonyi
    • Bandalier NM
    • 1300-1400s
    • circular-form village
    • volcanic tuff rooms
  18. Galisteo Pueblo
    • rectangular room blocks & plazas
    • cobble and adobe
  19. San Marcos
    • Galisteo Basin
    • arroyo side
    • nearby mesatop agricultural features
  20. San Larenzo
    • Galisteo Basin
    • plazas and room blocks
    • historic & precontact
    • looting pits and "reconstruction"
  21. Pueblo Chey
    • Galisteo Basin
    • unexcavated
  22. Galisteo Basin
    • River basin in Rio Grande
    • Near boundary with Great Plains
  23. Blanco
    • Eastern Rio Grande
    • kiva visible from vegetation changes
    • petroglyphs of faces, falcon mask
  24. Kuaua
    • Southern Rio Grande
    • adobe walls
    • kiva with murals
  25. Puye
    Rio Grande Valley pueblo
  26. Sapawe
    • North Rio Grande Valley
    • adobe, not stone
    • 5000 rooms
  27. Pecos
    • Near Sante Fe
    • occupied until modern
    • trade fair with Great Plains
    • Spanish mission
  28. San Idelfonso, Santa Ana, San Juan
    • modern town or pueblo
    • canal irrigation today
  29. Biscuitware
    • underfired pottery
    • friable
    • low temperature firing
  30. Glazed pottery
    • vitrified coating
    • high temperature firing
  31. tabular knife
    • agave cutting knife
    • Hohokam
  32. Pueblo Grande
    • Hohokam
    • downtown Phoenix
    • platform mound
  33. Casa Grande
    • multiple compounds on mounds
    • poured adobe walls
    • 3-4 story walls
  34. Marana
    • Santa Cruz River Valley
    • clustered settlement
    • abandoned after 1300
    • agave roasting feature
  35. Schoolhouse Point Mound
    • Tonto Basin
    • storage with pots and baskets
  36. Cline Terrace Mound
    • Tonto Basin
    • dry stream banks
    • gypsum slab decoration
  37. Trincheras
    • hilltop site with rock walls and structures
    • Southern AZ and northern Sonora
    • stone terraces
    • defensible
  38. Casas Grandes
    • Chihuahua
    • >2000 rooms
    • 1300-1450 AD
    • long distance trade
    • 4 story room blocks of poured adobe
    • BIRDS!
  39. Las Trincheras
    • Sonora
    • Overlap with Hohokam
    • 1300-1450
    • single-room houses with jacal
    • 879 terraces
  40. Caborca & Cucurpe
    Sonoran rock art

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