POLS 1100 - FINAL - TERMS

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POLS 1100 - FINAL - TERMS
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2012-12-06 17:59:01
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POLS 1100 FINAL TERMS
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POLS 1100 - FINAL - TERMS - Pro. Fish
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  1. Monday, March 4th, 1861
    Delivered by President Lincoln
    Part of taking 'oath of office'
    Primarily addressed to people in the South.
    1. Slavery
    2. Legal Status of the South
    3. Use of force 
    4. Seccession
    5. Protection of Slavery
    6. Slavery in territories 
    7. The Postal Services
    Lincoln's First Inaugural
  2. September 22, 1862 - first part
    January 1, 1863 - second part
    all slaves would be permantly freed in all areas of teh confederacy that had not already returned to federal control by January 1863. 
    Emancipation Proclamtion 
  3. Thursday, November 19, 1863
    Speech by President Lincoln & one of the best-known speeches in US history.
    Involved principles of human equality espoused by the Declaration of Independence & redefined the Civil War as a struggle not merely for the Union, but as "a new bith of freedom."
    Gettysburg Address
  4. March 4, 1865
    Lincoln spoke of sadness
    Some see this as a defense of his pragmatic approach to reconstruction.
    Lincoln's Second Inaugural 
  5. Most residents living in the four slave
    Maryland
    Delaware
    Kentucky 
    Missouri
    Border States
  6. Copperhead people were called this
    Named for the color of the Conferderate uniforms
    Pro Southerners & very pro States Rights
    Opposed slavery & did not own slaves
    Most opposed to Federal government freesing slaves
    Butternuts
  7. Against Lincoln freeing slaves (mostly anti-war democrates living in the north)
    Copperheads
  8. New flag; Stars & Bars
    Adopted & raised over Montgomery, Alambama 
    Conferderates
  9. Formally protect slavery in those states which had already been approved by both House of the US Congress
    Corwin Amendments 
  10. Superseded the Dred Scott Supreme Court decisions 
    Popular Sovereignty
  11. In effort to maintain the balance between free & slave states
    Missouri Compromise
  12. Established the territories of Kansas & Nebraska
    Kansas-Nebraska Act
  13. Agreed upon admitting California as a free state, allowing Utah & New Mexico territories to decided the slave issue by Popular Sovereignty
    Compromise of 1850
  14. Appears for the first time in a magazine article by John l. O'Sullivan.
    Expresses belief held by many Americans that the US is destined to expand across the continent.
    Manifest Destiny
  15. Trial jury, usually of six to twelve citizens, that decides the facts in a civil or criminal case. 
    Petit Jury
  16. Process by which judges & lawyers select petit jury form a panel of citizens eligible to serve. 
    Voir Dire
  17. Must recieve  _______ of electoral votes (270) to win presidency.
    Majority
  18. Recieving largest percentage in votes
    Plurality 
  19. Doctrine that states can declare act on federal government to be null & void; also known as interposition.
    Nullifiers
  20. Supermacy of the federal government over the states.
    Nationalism
  21. Trying a defendant more than once for same offense. 
    Double Jeopardy
  22. Defamtion using spoken words
    Slander
  23. Defamtion using written words
    Libel 
  24. Incumbents who have not been reelected to office. 
    Lame Ducks
  25. Reallocation of legislavtive seats based on changes in population. 
    Reapportionment
  26. The governments power to take private property for public use.
    Eminent Domain
  27. Formal acts of freeing from slavery
    Manumission
  28. Legal term to censorship in the US referring to government actions that prevent communications. 
    Prior Restraint 
  29. American law of criminal procedure, allows law enforement to enter structure without warrant. 
    Exigent Circumstances
  30. Defendant's or lawyer's objection to a proposed juror, made without needing to give a reason.
    Peremptory Challenge 
  31. Denoting or relating to the duty of the police to inform a person taking into custoy of their right ot legal counsel. 
    Miranda 
  32. Laws in the US after the Civil War with the effect of limiting the civil rights & civil liberties of blacks. 
    Black Codes
  33. Revolution of 1800
    Election of 1800
  34. 42 federalist justices of the peace President John Adams appointed immediately before his administration ended & Thomas Jefferson's began. 
    Midnight Judge
  35. Territory sold by France to the US in 1803, comprising the western part of the Mississippi Valley.
    Louisiana Purchase
  36. Withdrawal of 11 southern states from the US union in 1860, leading to the Civil War. 
    Seccession
  37. Southern troops fired on the fort on April 12, starting Civil War. 
    Fort Sumter
  38. Reaction in the South, particularly in South Carolina, would lead to  __________ that began in 1832.
    Nullification Crisis
  39. Document stated that if the tariff was not repealed, South Carolina would secede. 
    First introudced by Jefferson & Madison.
    Kentucky & Virginia Resolutions
  40. Tax of foreign goods to protect our Northen indrustries which were being driven out of business by low-priced imports. 
    Tariff 
  41. British fleet withdrew to just beyound the range of ________. Cannons & continued to bombard the American redoubts for the next 25 hours. 
    Fort McHenry 
  42. Stated that fighting between US & Britain would cease, all conquered territory was to be returned to the prewar claimant. 
    Treaty of Ghent 
  43. Where merchants preferred the _______ to the halting of overseas commerce. 
    Impressments
  44. Jackson's army cut through the forest to within six miles of Red Sticks camp near a bend in the Tallapoosa River. 
    Horseshoe Bend
  45. Key composed words
    Became extremely popular, & in 1931, Congress made it the National Anthem. 
    Star Spangled Banner
  46. Could only vote for president, each elector could vote for two canidates, & the vice president was the person who recieved the second largest numbers of the votes during elections. 
    Electoral College 
  47. House of Reprsentatives controlled ___________.
    Federalist party
  48. Felt Adam's foreign policy was too favorable towards Britain.
    Democatic-Republican Party
  49. Ordered Secretary of State, Madison, to turn over commissions. 
    Court odering directing a public official to preform his or her public duties. 
    Writ of Mandamus
  50. July 7, 1798
    The date Congress recinded treaties with France, can be considered a semi-offical beginning of _________. 
    Quasi-War
  51. Process of charging government officals with serious misconduct in office that can lead to their removal. 
    Process of calling the credibility of a witness into quesiton. 
    Impeachment 
  52. A large jury, normally of twenty-three citizens, that deteremines if there is enough evidence to charge a defendant with a crime. 
    Grand Jury
  53. US policy, originated by President James Monroe in 1823, that any intervention by external powers in the politics. 
    Monroe Doctrine 
  54. Event spanning from December 15, 1814 - Jan 4, 1815 in the US during the war of 1812.
    Hartford Convention 
  55. An incident in France-American relations in which bribery attempted perpetrated by French agents in 1797.
    XYZ Affair
  56. Ballot propostions & constitutional amendment. 
    Proposition 8
  57. A person who favors the abolition of a practice or institution, esp. capital punishment or slavery. 
    Abolitionist
  58. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free excerise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the righ tof the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. 
    Amendment One 
  59. A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed. 
    Amendment Two
  60. No solider shall, in time of peace be quatered in any house, without consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
    Amendment Three
  61. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable seraches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable causes, supported by Oath of affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the person or things should be seized.
    Amendment Four
  62. No persons shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb, nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be witness against himself, nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation. 
    Amendment Five
  63. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, bu an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusations, to be confronted witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense. 
    Amendment Six
  64. In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law. 
    Amendment Seven
  65. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusal punishment inflicted. 
    Amendment Eight
  66. The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. 
    Amendment Nine
  67. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. 
    Amendment Ten
  68. The Judicial power to the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State. 
    Amendment Elven 
  69. The electors shall meet in their respective states & vote by ballot for President & Vice President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President...
    Amendment Twelve
  70. Section one: Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. 

    Section two: Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
    Amendment Thirteen 
  71. Section one: All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the States wherein they reside.  No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any life, liberty, or property, wihtout due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws
    Amendment Fourteen
  72. Section one: The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. 

    Section two: The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
    Amendment Fifteen
  73. The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration. 
    Amendment Sixteen
  74. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator, shall have one vote.  The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures. 
    Amendment Seventeen
  75. Section one: After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxication liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited. 
    Amendment Eighteen 
  76. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any Sate on account of sex.  
    Amendment Nineteen
  77. Section one: The terms of the President and the Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon the 3rd day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin 
    Amendment Twenty
  78. Section one: The eighteenth article of amendments to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed
    Amendment Twenty-One
  79. Section one: No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of President more than once. 
    Amendment Twenty-Two
  80. Section one: The District constituting the seat of Government of the United States shall appoint in such manner as Congress may direct: A number of electors of President & Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators & Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a State...
    Amendment Twenty-Three
  81. Section one: The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice president, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representatives in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.
    Amendment Twenty-Four
  82. Section one: In case of removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.
    Amendment Twenty-Five
  83. Section one: The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen year of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.
    Amendment Twenty-Six
  84. No law varying the compensation for the services of the Senators & Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.
    Amendment Twenty-Seven

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