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What is the best definition for Mental Health?
- Function under adversity
- Get satisfaction in giving
- Show consideration for others
- Curb hate and guilt; be able to love
- Adapt to changes
- Maintain control over stress
What is the best definition for Mental Disorder?
All diagnosable disorders that result in an alteration of mood, thinking or behavior associated with distress and/or impaired function.
What are the major types of disorders in relation to age?
- 1. Anxiety Disorder - 11 y/o
- 2. Substance Abuse - 20 y/o
- 3. Mood Disorder - 30 y/o
Name 6 Symptoms of Clinical Depression
- 1. Physical symptoms
- 2. Attention Problems
- 3. Lack of Interest in favorite activities
- 4. Sadness
- 5. Suicidal Thoughts
- 6. Sleeplesness
What are different treatments for depression at different stages?
- 1. Mild Depression - Counseling, Education, Exercise
- 2. Moderate Depression - Psychological counseling, antidepressants
- 3. Moderate Severe - The patients' preference for antidepressants or psychological counseling
- 4. Major Depression - Psychiatric treatment, Couseling + Antidepressants
What are key elements for primary prevention of depression?
- 1. Delaying the age of on-set mental illness
- 2. Education/Outreach for earlier disgnosis
What are key elements for secondary prevention of depression?
- 1. Ongoing Counseling
- 2. Increase social service providers
What are tertiaty treatment for depression?
- 1. Behavioral training
- 2. Psycho-therapy
Health education that incorporates interventions aimed at disease prevention and health promotion.
Population-based Public Health Practice
Services usually provided by or under the supervision of a physician or other traditional health care provider
The different kind of care that is associated with individuals with chronic illness, disabilities, or other conditions that limit them physically or mentally.
Care usually found in Nursing homes, Assisted Living facilities and Adult Senior Centers
Health care services provided to individuals shortly before death
How is the HMO model different in the U.S.?
The organization hires doctors to provide care for contract recipents in a community, workplace...etc.. The U.S. is the only developed country in the world without National Health insurance
What are some barriers for having health insurance in the U.S.?
1. Some physicians and Hospitals Do Not Accept Medicare or Medicaid
2. Some physicians file Medicaid and Medicare paperwork for services not rendered aka Medicaid/Medicare fraud
Type of care that utilizes First-contact treatment, Clinical preventative services, and ongoing care for common medical conditions
Primary Medical Care
Type of care that is usally provided by physicians that gives specialized attention to less frequent medical conditions
Secondary Medical Care
Type of care that is more highly specialized and technologically sophisticated for advanced treatment of illnesses such as cancer, heart disease and heart bypass surgery.
Tertiary Medical Care
What are 3 parts of the Healthcare triangle?
- 1. Quality of Healthcare
- 2. Access to Healthcare
- 3. Cost of Healthcare
What are the major funding sources paying for healthcare?
- 1. Medicaid - 49%
- 2. Medicare - 20%
- 3. Out of Pocket - 18%
- 4. Private health insurance - 7%
- 5. Other - 5%
Name the 3 Major type of Government Health Insurance and who is eligble and what is covered
I) Medicare - Covers 46.5 million people 65 years of age or indivduals with permanent kidney failure and disablity under the age of 65.
- It covers:
- 1. Skilled Nurses Care
- 2. Hospice Care
- 3. Inpatient Hospital Care
- 4. Prescriptions
II) Medicaid - Covers 46 million Low income Americans. Also cover Skilled Nurses Care
III) The Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) - covers Low income children