Terminology - CH 20

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rhoward7
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187631
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Terminology - CH 20
Updated:
2012-12-06 19:17:45
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Medical terminology
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Medical terminology
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  1. Supportive and connective cells of the nervous system
    Neuroglia
  2. The basic unit of the nervous system
    neuron
  3. the central controlling structure essential to the cell's life
    nucleus
  4. weblike membrane between the dura mater and the pia mater of the meninges
    arachnoid membrane
  5. system concerned with the activities conducted automatically by certain peripheral nerves
    autonomic nervous system
  6. a long, straight fiber originating from a cell body and ending in a brushlike tip; its purpose it to conduct impulses away from the cell body
    axon
  7. part of the cell that contain the nucleus and surrounding cytoplasm
    cell body
  8. brain and spinal cord
    central nervous system
  9. second largest division of the brain; "little brain"
    cerebellum
  10. outer surface of the cerebrum that is responsible for the generation of impulses
    cerebral cortex
  11. largest part of the brain
    cerebrum
  12. four sections of the spinal cord
    cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral
  13. horn-like projection of the lateral ventricle reaching into the frontal, occipital, and temporal lobes
    cornu
  14. short fibers that branch out from a cell body
    dendrites
  15. section of the btrain between the midbrain and cerebrum
    diencephalon
  16. divisions of the spina nerve that enter the spinal cord at different points
    dorsal and ventral roots
  17. outer membrane of meninges
    dura mater
  18. part of the diencephalonthat contains the pineal body
    epithalamus
  19. anterior lobe of the brain that controls voluntary muscles
    frontal lobe
  20. cluster of nerve cells
    ganglion
  21. folds of the cerebral cortex forming elevated ridges
    gyri (convolutions)
  22. part of the diencephalon that contains centers for the control of body temperature, carbohydrate metabolism, fat metabolism, and emotions that affect heartbeat, blood pressure, appetite, and sexual reflexes
    hypothalamus
  23. neurons that shuttle messages back and forth through the neural pathways
    interneurons
  24. cavity of the brain extending from the frontal portion of the cerebral hemisphere to the posterior lobe
    lateral ventricle
  25. one part of the brainstem that regulates heart action, breathing, and circulation
    medulla oblongata
  26. membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord
    meninges
  27. upper part of the brainstem
    midbrain
  28. neurons that stimulate that contraction or relaxation of muscles and spur the activities of glands
    motor (efferent) neurons
  29. white, fatty material that forms a sheath around most axons
    myelin
  30. supporting and connecting cells of the nervous system
    neuroglia cells
  31. physician who specializes in the study of the nervous system
    neurologist
  32. surgeon who specializes in the surgical treatment of diseases of the nervous system
    neurosurgeoun
  33. posterior lobe of the brain that governs vision
    occipital lobe
  34. lobe of the brain that contains the sensory areas and determines distance, size, shape, taste, and the sensory aspects of speech
    parietal lobe
  35. cranial and spinal nerves
    peripheral nervous system
  36. inner membrane of meninges
    pia mater
  37. interlocking network of nerves
    plexus
  38. part of the brainstem located between the midbrain and medulla oblongata
    pons
  39. part of the composition of spinal nerves of both the autonomic and voluntary nervous systems
    sensory and motor fibers
  40. neurons that carry signals to the brain and spinal cord
    sensory (afferent) neurons
  41. parietal lobe
    somatic sensory area
  42. frontal lobe
    somatic motor area
  43. depressions or grooves that separate gyri (convolutions)
    sulci (fissures)
  44. junction between neurons
    synapse
  45. lobe of the brain that contains the auditory center for hearing impulses and determines the sense of smell
    temporal lobe
  46. part of the dicephalon where nerve fibers from the spinal cord and lower part of the brain synapse with neurons leading to the cerebrum
    thalamus
  47. central portion of the cerebellum
    vermis
  48. pertaining to the head
    cephalic
  49. inflammation of the cerebellum
    cerebellitis
  50. pertaining to the brain and spinal cord
    cerebrospinal
  51. incision through the cranium
    craniotomy
  52. the portion of the skull that encloses the brain
    cranium
  53. plastic repair of the dura mater
    duraplasty
  54. the brain
    encephalon
  55. any disease of the brain
    encephalopathy
  56. mass of nerve tissue composed principally of nerce bodies and lying outside the brain or spinal cord
    ganglion
  57. pertaining to the meninges
    meningeal
  58. inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord
    meningitis

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