Human Sexuality

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Human Sexuality
2012-12-06 23:15:37
Variation Sexual Behavior

Fall 2012 Final
Show Answers:

  1. paraphilia
    • DSM-IV-TR
    • -persisten and atypical sexual interest in nonhuman objects, -physically or emotionally painful experiences, or non-consenting, or sexually immature individuals
  2. "normal" sexual behavior
    • standards change over time, and are based on cultural and societal norms
    • paraphilias exist on a continuum
  3. prevalance of paraphilias
    • almost impossible to determine
    • many wont seek help if they don't feel  their behaviors are a problem
    • self-reports unreliable due to stigma
  4. typical person with a paraphilia
    • -comes from all religions, races, orientation, occupations, and education
    • -most are men with: emotional problems, impulse control,m and sexual dysfunction
  5. Cause of paraphilia
    • no one single foundation
    • combo of factors
    •  that predisopse someone to alternate sexual expresions
    • four types of theories of cause
    • 1. Developmental theories
    • 2. behavioral theories
    • 3. Biological Theories
    • 4. Sociological theories
  6. Developmental Theories
    • Psychoanalytic (Freud)
    • -manifestations of unresolved inner conflicts caused by traumatic events in childhood
    • Lovemaps (Money)
    • -template for ideal romantic partner and lover: may develop due to redesigning lovemap
    • Courtship disorder theory
    • -due to disturbed courtship cycle
  7. Behavioral theories
    • childhood experience influence sexual expression
    • classical conditioning: nonsexual object or behavior may take on erotic undertones through association with sexual please
    • operant conditioning: behavior is reinforced by rewarding consequences
  8. Biological Theories
    • neural and hormonal differences may exist in some men with paraphilias
    • -men show activity in left frontal love instead of right parietal lobe
    • -anatomical differences in parts of frontal and temporal lobes
    • -alteratins in dopamine, serotonin, and testosterone
    • -brain lesions, tumors, and epilepsy alter exual interest
  9. Sociological Theories
    • society we live in influences sexual behaviors and desires
    • -many paraphilic ritual mirror gender roles and sexual more that we absorb from society
  10. Non coercive Paraphilias
    • practiced privately, and by willing adult participants
    • -fetishm
    • -transvestic fetishism
    • -BDSM
  11. Fetishism
    • sex fantasies regardign inanimate objects
    • -example: lingerie, boots, rubber
    • partialism: fetish involving body part
    • some fetish increses arousal, others cant become aroused without it
    • develops in childhood or adolescence: most easily explaine by classical and operant condition theory, and osme biological
  12. Transvestic Fetishism
    • man becomes aroused by wearing female clothing
    • -not the same as drag queens or transsexuals
    • autogynephilia: man aroused by thought or image of himself as a woman
    • usually heterosexual men
    • 2/3 begin cross-dressing before puberty
  13. BDSM
    • bondages and discipline, dominance and submission, sadism and masochism
    • vouluntarily taking deliberately unequal yet complementary roles
    • dominatrix: woman who is paid to play dominant role
    • activities exist on a continuum
    • "rules"
    • why people enjoy it: 
    • 1.biologically:pain or stress may cause release of substance associated w/ pleasure
    • 2. psychologically: departure from everyday lives
    • 3. Behaviorally: childhood experiences may influence later sexual development
  14. Bondage
    use of restraints during sex play
  15. masochism
    sexual pleasure is derived from being hurt or humiliated as part of sex ritual
  16. sadism
    sexual pleasure is derived from intentionally hurting or humiliating others
  17. scene
    erotic encounter between dominant and submissive partners
  18. urophilia
    sexual arousal by contact with urin
  19. sploshers
    sexual arousal by having wet and messy subastance smeared on body
  20. furries
    sexual arousal having sex with stuffed animals or people dressed as stuffed animals
  21. infantalism
    sexual pleasure from dressing and acting as an infant
  22. coercive paraphilias
    • problematic becuase they involve unwilling participation of others
    • exhibitionsim
    • telephone scatologia
    • voyeurism
    • frotteurism/toucherism
    • pedophilia
  23. exhibitionsim
    • exposing genitals to unsuspecting and non consenting people for arousal
    • men mastubate shortly after
    • flasher: arouse by surprising and frightening others
    • one ofthe most common paraphilias in U.S
    • accounts for 1/3 of all sex conviction in U.S, Canada, and Europe
    • children and women frequent targets
    • onset before 18
    • hypersexual: compulsive, aggressive
    • may be caused by courtship disorder and influenced by early conditioning
  24. Telephone Scatologia
    • arousal through use of obscene language to unsuspecting victims over the phone
    • gratification comes from response
    • comes from: sexual terrorism,against women, and courtship disorders
    • callers are typically heterosexual men with no social activity
    • most go unreported
  25. voyeurism
    • urge to obsever unsuspectin person while naked or engaged in sexual behavior
    • excitment comes form non-consent
    • most cases go undetected
    • courtship disorder may be the cause
    • most boyeurs have other paraphilias & insecure w/ feelings of social inadequacy
  26. frotteurism
    • rubbing against non-consenting person
    • strongly reinforced behaviorally
    • may be experience due to courtship disorder
  27. toucherism
    • touching intimate parts of non consenting person with his hands
    • usually happens in crowded places; fairly common
  28. pedophilia
    • attraction to prepubescent children
    • some never abuse children
    • incidence: 3-4% of population are pedohiles, 95% of the time molester is known to child
    • most pedophiles are: heterosexual males in 30-40s with low IQ and poor self-esteem
    • factors
    • -biological: atypical hormonal and neurotransmitter levels, neuroanatomical abnormalities
    • -psychological: socially inept; relate better to children
  29. biastophilia
    • arousal dependent on assaulting/raping non-consenting victim
    • result of courtship disorder
  30. zoophilia
    • fantasies to have sexual contact w/ animals
    • beastiality if contact occurs
    • more frequently seen in men raised on farms
  31. necrophiliac
    • want to have sex with corpses
    • 3 types
    • 1.fantasy: fantasize but doesnt act on it
    • 2.regular: has sex with bodies that are already dead
    • 3.homicide: kills to have sex with corpse
    • have severe psychological problems
  32. treatment
    • most successful when patient enters voluntarily, motivated, and believes change is possible
    • sometimes is court ordered to seek treatment
    • less successfull when there was early onset or is patients only sexual outlet
    • no cure
    • treatment aims to change
  33. asexuality
    • when person does not experience any sexual attraction to either sex
    • expressed by: sex out of curiosity, to pleasure partner, may have no sex
    • 1% of pop reported never feeling sexual attraction
    • biological, psychological, nad social factors may play role
  34. hypersexuality
    • excessive interest in sex, to the point where it can cause problem in ones life
    • nymphomania and satyrism
    • obsessive and uncontrollable sexual desire
    • manifested by: compulsive masturbation, anonymouse sex with many partners, extramarital affairs, coercive sex, porn, cyper sex, phone sex
    • 3-6% of pop.   80% who seek treatment are male
    • biological and environmental factors
    • treatment: therapy, meds, social skill training