A core feature of all abnormal behavior is that it is
Which of the following situations does NOT indicate that an individual needs psychological help?
Sheila is a 50-year-old grandmother who rides motorcycles, skydives, and skateboards
The chief distinguishing feature of psychotic disorders is
confusion of fantasy and reality
Schizophrenia and delusional disorders are types of
Persons who are either euphoric and hyperactive or severely depressed may be suffering from
Which of the following is classified as a mood disorder
Obsessive-compulsive disorders involve
high levels of anxiety
Behavior problems in which the person exhibits symptoms suggesting physical disease or injury, but for which there is no identifiable cause, are called
Which of the following is a dissociative disorder?
____ are deeply ingrained, unhealthy behavior patterns that usually appear in adolescence and continue through much of adult life and include paranoid, narcissistic, dependent, and other types
Which of the following is a personality disorder?
Blanche is always overly dramatic, enjoys being the center of attention. Blanch fits the description of a _____ personality
Those who are preoccupied with their own importance, and crave attention and admiration, have a ___ personality
Deceiving and manipulating others without any remorse are the main characteristics of the ____ personality disorder.
Salvatore has extreme perfectionism that often prevents him from completing tasks. Salvatore would most likely be diagnosed with an ____ personality disorder.
Thomas tends to e so overly suspicious of people's motives that he appears to trust no one. Thomas fits the description of a ___ personality disorder
Anxiety refers to
feelings of apprehension, dread, or uneasiness
In general, anxiety-related problems involve
all of these
pervasive feelings of stress, insecurity, and inferiority
a tendency to use rigid defense mechanisms
restrictive, self-defeating behavior patterns.
Social phobia, a post-traumatic stress disorder, and agoraphobia are classifies as
Annabelle is in the grocery store when she notices her heart is racing, and she becomes very dizzy. Annabelle is exhibiting symptoms of a
Sue is housebound. She is suffering from
Julie can't stop thinking about germs and dirt. She is suffering from
The difference between an acute stress disorder and PTSD is
how long the disturbance lasts
In most cases, dissociative identity disorder occurs as a response to
extreme abuse or trauma
A person who regularly interprets normal body sensations as signs of a serious disease has
In contrast to hypochondriasis, somatization disorders result when
anxieties are expressed as numerous physical ailments
"Glove anesthesia" is a
loss of feeling in the hand that contradicts the known workings of the nervous system
When a person experiences delusions and/or hallucinations and loses contact with shared views of reality, the person is experiencing a
False beliefs that are held even when the facts contradict them are called
Allison believes that the announcer on a T.V. program is speaking to her and that the message has special mystical significance. She shows signs of
delusions of reference
Imaginary sensations, such as seeing, hearing, or smelling things that do not exist in the real world are known as
The type of schizophrenia marked by incoherence, grossly disorganized behavior, bizarre thinking, and flat affect is called
Hal is a resident at a psychiatric facility. He often remain motionless in an off posture for hours and sometimes days at a time. From what type of schizophrenia is he probably suffering?
___ schizophrenia usually involves delusions of persecution and grandeur.
The risk of developing schizophrenia for the general population is ___ percent.
The dopamine-psychosis link is based on the obervation that
there are high levels of dopamine activity in the brains of psychotic people
Major disturbances in emotion, such as depression or mania, are classified as
Sadness, hopelessness, withdrawal, and feelings of worthlessness are symptoms of
a depressive disorder
In ____, people go both "up" and "down" emotionally.
Calvin has been on a "pleasure binge" for the last three days. A week ago he was felling like a failure and was withdrawn and unhappy. Calvin would most likely be diagnosed with
A patient is asked to concentrate on the thought that most upset her. At the same time, she is asked to watch a moving pencil. The patient is probably being treated with
eye movement desensitization
____ refers to learning based on the consequence of making a response.
Shaping, time out, and extinction are three principles of
If you get praised by your parents for making A's in your college courses, the grades are
If a response is not followed by a reward after is has been repeated many time, it will go away. This describes the operant condition term of
Mrs. Parkers first grade class has been used to just calling out her name to her her attention. she calls on the students who quietly raise their hands to get her attention and doesn't answer those loudly calling her name. Eventually the students will stop loudly calling out her name because of the behavioral principle of
A ____ procedure is a variation of non-reinforcement and involves removing the individual from a situation in chich reinforcement occurs.
Scolding misbehaving children in a classroom may actually increase misbehavior because of the
reinforcing effects of attention
By using tokens, a therapist can
immediately reward positive responses
often exchanged for candy, recreation, or privileges
An elementary school teacher practically ends classroom discipline problem by giving the students "chances" in a lottery to be held at the end of the week for some small toy. The teacher has used
Cognitive therapist are mainly interested in
what people think, believe, and feel
According to Aaron Beck, depressed persons see themselves, the world, and the future in negative terms because of
major distortions in thinking
When a person blows a single unpleasant event out of proportion by extending it to a large number of unrelated situations the person is exhibiting
Beck labels the tendency of depressed persons to see things as completely good or bad, right or wrong as
Rational-emotive behavior therapy attributes negative emotions to
In the A-B-C analysis of rational-emotive behavior therapy, the letters stand for
The use of drugs to alleviate the symptoms of emotional disturbance is known as
One of the drawback of using pharmacotherapy with psychotic disorders is that it
may cause adverse neurological side effects, such as rhythmic facial and mouth movements
Which of the following types of drugs are used to reduce hallucinations and delusions?
The most appropriate use of electroconvulsive therapy is as a
last resort means of treatment for selected cases of depression that involves self-destructive or suicidal behavior
The use of electroconvulsive therapy for the treatment of depression
involves all of these considerations
produces only temporary improvement and must be combined with other treatments
can cause memory losses in some patients
should be used only after other treatments have failed
Lobotomies and deep lesioning are examples of
Which of the following statements regarding the prefrontal lobotomy is False?
it is a reversible procedure
A psychoanalyst who believes in the theories of Freud would see psychopathology as caused by
deeply hidden unconscious conflicts
The purpose of free association and dream analysis is to
tap the unconscious
Saying whatever comes to mind, even if it seems senseless, painful, or embarrassing, is part of the Freudian technique known as
When utilizing dream analysis, Freud would interpret symbols to uncover the ____ content of the dream.
In psychoanalysis, resistance was thought by Freud to be important because it
revealed important unconscious conflicts.
In psychoanalysis, an emotional attachment to the therapist that symbolically represents other important relationships in the patients life is an example of
is characterized by all of these
involves more direct questioning to reveal unconscious conflicts
involves actively provoking emotional reactions that will lower defenses and provide insights
is a much shorter therapy than it was originally
Humanistic therapies generally emphasize
making full use of one's potential
Which of the following would be described as a non-directive therapy based on insights gained from conscious thoughts and feelings and that emphasizes accepting one's true self?
Total and uncritical acceptance of a client's thoughts and feelings is called
unconditional positive regard
Behavior modification involves
the use of learning principles to change behavior
One thing that all behavior modification techniques have in common is that they
apply learning principles to specific target behaviors
Behavior modification refers to any use of ___ or ___ to directly alter human behavior.
classical conditioning; operant conditioning
In ____, a neutral stimulus is followed by an unconditional stimulus that consistently produces an unlearned reaction, called the unconditioned response. Eventually, the previously neutral stimulus begins to produce this response directly.
The process of suppressing an undesirable habit, such as smoking or drinking, by association it with a painful or uncomfortable situation is known as