Neucleophiles and reactions

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Author:
XQWCat
ID:
187792
Filename:
Neucleophiles and reactions
Updated:
2012-12-08 15:45:52
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Orgo chapter
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Description:
Organic Chemistry nucleophilicity of common nucleophiles
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  1. I-
    very good
  2. RCO2H
    very weak
  3. Br-
    good
  4. NH3
    fair
  5. H2O
    weak
  6. HS-
    very good
  7. HO-
    good
  8. Cl-
    fair
  9. ROH
    weak
  10. RS-
    very good
  11. RO-
    good
  12. F-
    fair
  13. RCO2
    fair
  14. CN-
    good
  15. N3-
    good
  16. tertiary alkyl halide
    SN1 (carbo-cation)
  17. weak nucleophile
    SN1 (carbo-cation)
  18. protic solvent
    SN1 (carbo-cation)
  19. primary alkyl halide
    SN2
  20. strong nucleophile
    SN2
  21. aprotic solvent
    SN2 (DMF, DMSO)
  22. high temperature
    elimination
  23. low temperature
    substitution
  24. strong base
    elimination
  25. weak base
    substitution

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