Soc 134 ch. 11

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Soc 134 ch. 11
2012-12-10 13:25:14

The Architecture of Inequality
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  1. Personal racism
    the expression of racist attitudes or behaviors by individual people
  2. stereotype
    • First used by political commentator walter lippman
    • "oversimplified picture of the world, one that satifies our need to see our social environment as a more understandable and mangeable place than it really is"
    • overgeneralized belief that a certain trait, behavior, or attitude characterizes all members of some identifiable group
  3. Discrimination
    the unfair treatment of people based on some social characteristic
  4. racial transparency
    • Whites enjoy this luxury
    • "having no color"
    • White is rarely used as an adjective it is assumed white unless otherwise stated
  5. panethnic labels
    general terms applied to diverse subgroupsthat are assumed to have something in common

    i.e. Native Americans, Asian Americans, or hispanic and latino
  6. Institutional Racism
    consists of established laws, customs, and practices that systematically reflect and produce racial inequalities in society, whether or not the individuals maintaining these practices have racist intentions
  7. affirmative action
    governmental policy developed in the early 1960's that requires organizations to draft a written plan on how they will seek out members of minority groups and women for educational or occupational positions from which they had previously been excluded.
  8. colorism
    skin color prejudice within an ethnoracial group, most notably between light-skinned and dark-skinned blacks
  9. ethnicity
    sense of community derived from the cultural heritage shared by a category of people with a common ancestry
  10. quiet racism
    form of racism expressed subtly and indirectly through feelings of discomfort, uneasiness, and fear, which motivate avoidance rahter than blatant discrimination
  11. racism
    belief that humans are subdivided into distinct groups that are different in their social behavior and innate capacities and that can be ranked as superior or inferior
  12. race
    category of people labeled and treated as similar because of allegedly common biological traits, such as skin color, texture of hair, and shape of eyes
  13. prejudice
    rigidly held, unfavorable attitudes, beliefs, and feelings about members of different group based on a social characteristic such as race, ethnicity, or gender
  14. South African apartheid
    • four race categories
    • white
    • black
    • colored
    • indian
  15. "one drop rule"
    one drop of black blood makes someone black
  16. miscegenation
    racist term for marriage or sexual relations between a man and a woman of different races
  17. Three primary races on the 2010 census
    • white
    • black
    • american indian
  18. Readlining
    denying services by neighborhood of housing loans, supermarket placement, pizza delivery

    example of institutional racism
  19. "legacy"
    Admissions policies

    Example of institutional racism
  20. Examples of institutional racism
    • readlining
    • legacy
    • drug sentencing (100 to 1 rule)
    • cosmetology licensing laws
    • hiring through existing social/ professional networks 
  21. White Privilege
    an unearned package of unearned assets that I can count cashing in each day, but about which I was 'meant' to remain oblivious

    -peggy mcintosh
  22. Why do whites make more than blacks?
    • starting with less wealth, social and cultural capital
    • discrimination
    • resulting in different work patterns
    • rising income inequality exacerbates the gap
  23. Household composition
    blacks have a greater chance of growing up in a female-headed household
  24. education gap
    whites have an average higher levels of education
  25. wealth gap
    whites have on average higher levels of family wealth