Final Med Term

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Marytaylor
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187837
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Final Med Term
Updated:
2012-12-07 16:19:02
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Vet Tech Medical Terminology Dr Moore
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Vet Tech Medical Terms
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  1. The umblicus is on the __________ surface
    Ventral
  2. The saddle is on the __________ surface.
    Dorsal
  3. The tail is __________ and the head is __________.
    Caudal; Cranial
  4. The carpus is __________ to the elbow and the metacarpals are __________ to the phalanges.
    Distal; Proximal
  5. The knee is __________ to the pelvis and __________ to the tarsus. 
    Distal; Proximal
  6. The little finger is __________ and the thumb is __________.
    Lateral; Medial
  7. meta
    beyond
  8. carp
    carpus, wrist
  9. tars
    tarsus, ankle
  10. Lower jaw
    Mandible
  11. Upper jaw
    Maxilla
  12. con
    with
  13. gen
    to begin/to start
  14. Connects bone to bone
    Ligament
  15. Connects muscle to bone
    Tendon
  16. hepat
    liver
  17. nephr
    nephron/functional unit of the kidney
  18. Name 2 parts if the nephron and their function.
    • 1. Glomerulus - filters toxins/urea from the blood.
    • 2. Tubule - maintains hydration
  19. ren
    kidney
  20. opt
    eye
  21. ot
    ear
  22. opthalmo
    eye
  23. gist
    one who
  24. ad
    close to/towards
  25. oo
    egg
  26. phor
    basket
  27. ectomy
    • ectom= to surgically remove
    • y= procedure
  28. hyster
    uterus
  29. endo
    within; inner
  30. metri
    uterus
  31. mast
    mammary gland
  32. orch
    orchid/testicle
  33. cypt
    hidden
  34. ceps
    head
  35. phas
    phases
  36. ocu
    eye
  37. syn
    together
  38. Pubic Symphasis
    2 halves of the pelvis are fused at the symphysis.
  39. Cortical bone
    • Cortic = cortex    al=pertaining to
    • tough outer bone
  40. Cancellous bone
    Lattice/spongy type of bone with air pockets
  41. Dog & Cat vertebral formula: C=, T=, L=, S=
    • C= 7
    • T= 13
    • L= 7
    • S= 3
  42. Equine vertebral formula: C=, T=, L=, S=
    • C= 7
    • T= 18
    • L= 6
    • S= 5
  43. cervical
    • cervic= neck
    • al= pertaining to
  44. Foramen
    opening
  45. Magnum
    Large
  46. What is the largest sesamoid bone?
    Patella
  47. What is the joint that has the patella in it is ______________.
    Stifle joint
  48. List the 4 compartment of a ruminant animal.
    • Rumen
    • Reticulum
    • Omasum
    • Abomasum
  49. List the 3 parts of the small intestine in order.
    • Duodenum
    • Jejunum
    • Ileum
  50. Choles
    Gall
  51. cyst
    bladder
  52. What do you call a bone that is crushed and broken into small pieces?
    Comminuted fracture
  53. What do you call an incomplete fracture?
    Greenstick Fracture
  54. What do you call a fracture were the bone protudes through the skin?
    Open Fracture
  55. Brachio
    Short
  56. cephal
    head
  57. Gastro
    stomach
  58. scopy
    • Scope = instrument to view/to examine
    • y=procedure (using) 
  59. copro
    feces
  60. phag
    to eat/to engulf
  61. Ascites
    Edema of the abdomen
  62. enter
    small intestine
  63. emesis
    to vomit
  64. E
    to remove
  65. viscer
    abdominal organs
  66. fecalith
    • feca=feces
    • lith=stone
  67. de
    to remove
  68. uro
    urinary bladder
  69. hemat
    iron, hemoglobin, blood
  70. melena
    • dark black feces
    • related to blood in the feces
  71. poly
    many
  72. ur
    urine
  73. dips
    drinks
  74. stoma
    mouth
  75. Rumeno
    rumen - 1 digestive compartment
  76. pexy
    • pex= to surgically fix or suture in place
    • y=procedure
  77. abomaso
    abdomen "true stomach"
  78. sten
    to narrow
  79. otomy
    • otom= to surgically make an incision
    • y= procedure
  80. ostomy
    • ostom= surgically to form/to create a permanent opening
    • y= procedure
  81. splen
    spleen
  82. normo
    normal
  83. cyt
    cell
  84. macro
    large
  85. micro
    very small
  86. an
    without
  87. iso
    normal size
  88. osis
    condition of
  89. chrom
    color
  90. hypo
    decrease/less than/below normal
  91. hyper
    increase/above normal/ more than
  92. rouleaux
    arranged in stacks like coins
  93. Common name for a carpal bone in a horse
    Knee
  94. Common name for the 3rd metacarpal bone in a horse
    Cannon bone
  95. Common name for the proximal sesamoid in a horse
    Fetlock joint
  96. Common name for Distal sesamoid in a horse
    Navicular bone
  97. Other names for the P3 bone in a horse
    coffin bone or distal phalanx
  98. Other names for the P2 bone in a horse
    Short pastern bone or middle phalanx
  99. Other names for the P1 bone in a horse
    Long pastern bone or proximal phalanx
  100. Other names for the medial splint bone in a horse
    4th lateral metacarpal or splint bone
  101. Segmented
    nucleus
  102. An intact male dog
    Dog/stud
  103. An intact female dog
    Bitch
  104. A young dog
    Whelp/puppy
  105. Giving birth to puppies
    Whelping
  106. Group of dogs
    Pack
  107. Multiple offspring of puppies at the same time
    Litter
  108. An intact male cat
    Tom
  109. An intact female cat
    Queen
  110. Giving birth to kittens
    Queening
  111. An intact adult male pig
    Boar
  112. An intact adult femal pig
    Sow
  113. A young castrated male pig
    Barrow
  114. Young unfarrowed female pig
    Gilt
  115. Giving birth to pigs
    Farrowing
  116. An intact mature/adult male equine
    Stallion
  117. A young intact male equine up to 1 yr old
    Colt
  118. An intact adult female equine that has had a foul
    Mare
  119. An intact young female equine - up to 2yrs old
    Filly
  120. A castrated male equine
    Gelding
  121. Young equine of either sex
    Foal
  122. 1 yr old equine that is no longer nursing - not gender specific
    Weanling
  123. Young equine between 1-2 yrs old
    Yearling
  124. Giving birth to equine
    Foaling
  125. An intact adult male sheep
    Ram
  126. An intact adult female sheep
    Ewe
  127. A castrated male sheep
    Wether
  128. Young sheep
    Lamb
  129. Giving birth to sheep
    Lambing
  130. An intact adult male bovine
    Bull
  131. An intact adult female bovine that has given birth
    Cow
  132. A castrated male bovine
    Steer
  133. Young female bovine that has not given birth
    Heifer
  134. Young Bovine
    Calf
  135. Giving birth to cattle
    Calving
  136. plast
    to shape/to mold
  137. rrhea
    flow/discharge
  138. epi
    on top of
  139. centensis
    procedure using a sterile needle/syringe to pull out/withdraw
  140. rrhexis
    to tear/to rupture
  141. rrhapy
    • rrhaph= to surgically repair
    • y= procedure
  142. rrhea

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