History: Chapter 4 Study Guide Part 1

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LaurenCamp29
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187845
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History: Chapter 4 Study Guide Part 1
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2012-12-08 19:20:43
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  1. Repealed after British merchants saw sales drop because of the boycotts
    Was not worth the cost of collecting tax
    Protests of this were mildly successful
    Stamp Act
  2. Required a government tax stamp on certain documents
    Stamp Act
  3. 6 Examples of the Stamp Act?
    • Contracts
    • Licenses
    • Newspaper
    • Almanacs
    • Printed Sermons
    • Playing Cards
  4. Taxed imported sugar and molasses
    Sugar Act
  5. How Grenville wanted to pay for British troops?
    Through the Stamp and Sugar Act
  6. What do the colonists know the Coercive Acts as?
    Intolerable Acts
  7. Closed the port of Boston; dissolved the Mass Assembly
    Gave the royal governor more control over Massachusetts
    Took away colonists' right to assemble
    Intolerable Acts
  8. Organized by the Massachusetts Assembly to send a petition to the king and Parliament
    Stamp Act Congress
  9. Made up of unskilled workers, artisans, small farmers, merchants, and lawyers organized boycott of British goods and put pressure on merchants who did not join the boycott. Was often violent.
    Sons of Liberty
  10. Written orders that allowed customs officers the right to search colonial homes for smugged goods :general warrants
    Writs of Assistance
  11. What brought back the Writs of Assistance?
    Townshend Acts
  12. Colonial militia who would be ready to resist a British attack with short notice
    Minutemen
  13. What act taxed lead, paint, paper, glass, and tea that were imported from Britian?
    Townshend Acts of 1767
  14. In boston, where tensions were already high, colonists began throwing snowballs at a British sentry guarding the Customs House. After British soliders arrived to help they fired into the crowd, killing five. (March 5, 1770)
    The Boston Massacre
  15. Why didn't the first continental congress discuss independence?
    They were not at this point yet. They just wanted to be treated better by the British.
  16. Samuel Adams introduced the idea of THIS to spread the news of British injustices from colony to colony
    Committees of Correspondence
  17. Became the basis of a political network to unify the colonies
    Committees of Correspondence
  18. Where was the first shot, shot at?
    Lexington
  19. Who shot the first shot?
    No one knows
  20. On May 10th 1775 the Second Continental Congress proposed reconciliation with King Geroge III with what?
    Olive Branch Petition
  21. Reserved the land west of the Appalachian Moutains for Native Americans
    Gave British officials control of westward migration
    It angered the Colonists. Believed that they fought for the right to settle on this land. Settlers often ignored the Proclamation.
    Proclamation of 1763
  22. How did colonists protest against taxation?
    Openly and sometimes violently
  23. Nonviolent ways to protest the protest?
    Stamp Act Congress
  24. Violent ways to protest?
    Sons of Liberty
  25. Who...
    After Lexinton and Concord:
    Formed the Continental Army
    Appointed George Washington commander in Chief
    Issued a Continental Currency
    Proposed reconciliation with King George III in the Olive Branch Petition
    Second Continental Congress
  26. What are the advantages of the Continental Army?
    (4)
    • Strong military leadership
    • fighting on home territory
    • alliance with france (which gave us money and troops)
    • Revolutionary cause
  27. What are the weaknesses of the Continental Army?
    (3)
    • Small, untrained military
    • Shortages of resources ( because their money had no real value)
    • Weak central government
  28. What are the advantages of the British Army?
    (3)
    • Well trained army
    • Ample resources
    • Alliances with Loyalists and Native Americans
  29. What are the weaknesses of the British Army?
    (4)
    • Fighting in unfamiliar territory
    • Fighting 3000 + from home
    • Poor startegy
    • The Hessian Mercenaries
  30. A quarter of the colonists remained loyal to Great Britan and the King; patriots called them what?
    Loyalists
  31. What were the women's roles?
    (5)
    • Active in boycotts and other protests
    • Cared for wounded in their homes and in hospitals
    • Raised money to supply the army with food and clothing
    • Served as spies
    • Kept their homes, farms, and shops running while the men were at war
  32. What were the African American/Native Americans roles?
    (5)
    • Free and enslaved fought on both sides of the war
    • Some offers of freedom in exchange for military service came from both sides
    • Continental Army's need for soliders overcame prejudice
    • New England regiments had the most African Americans
    • Black soldiers generally received the same pay, clothing, and rations as whites.

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