child welfare 2 (part three)

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  1. a judicially created relationship between child and caretaker which is intended to be permanent and self-sustaining as evidenced by the transfer to the caretaker of the following parental rights with respect to the child: protection, education, care and control of the person, custody of the person, and decisionmaking
    legal guardianship
  2. guardian recieves monthly payments from the government for the child's care, similar to foster care or adoption assistance payments; related and non-related foster care parents agree to provide care until the child's emancipation
    subsidized guardianship
    • The purpose is to eliminate delays in the placement of children for adoption  or into foster care when at all possible. Delaying or denying placement on the basis of race, color or national origin of the adoptive/foster parents or the child involved is prohibited.
    • The law requires diligent recruitment of potential foster homes and adoptive families who reflect the ethnic and racial diversity of the children for home foster and adoptive homes are needed.
  4. Deliquency Risk Factors
    • Early onset of a delinquent act (age 14 or younger)
    • Past involvement with delinquent behavior
    • Presence of drug abuse, school or family problems
    • Association with delinquent peers
    • Parental mental illness, drug use/abuse
    • Poor parenting to include supervision or lack of consistency
    • Childhood neglect and/or abuse
  5. Protective Factors
    What keeps most children from commiting a criminal offense?
    • Individual factors:  Intelligence, social status, belief system
    • Peer factors:  Positive,pro-social
    • Family factors:  Strong family bond, consistent supervision, family activities, financial stability, stability of residence
    • School factors:  Strict school rules, compliance with attendance laws
    • Community factors:  Safe neighborhood, organizations and activities for youth to provide opportunities for extracurricular activities, employment
  6. Philosophy of Family Preservation
    • Family is important
    • —They should be kept together
    • Intensive, focused efforts will mobilize family strengths
  7. Elements of Family Preservation
    Commitment to _____ and focus on _____.
    • maintaining children in their own home
    • the entire family
  8. Elements of Family Preservation
    Service to _____ (_____), ______ service, and is _____.
    • high risk families (likely to enter state care without)
    • Immediate service
    • home based
  9. List Elements of Family Preservation 1
    • Flexible
    • Time-limited
    • —Smaller caseloads (often only 2-3, usually no more than 7)
    • —Comprehensive services
    • —Teaches skills
    • —In-home counseling/therapy
  10. List Elements of Family Preservation 2
    • —Services are based on need
    • —Flexible funding to support the case plan (service plan)
    • —On-going in-service training and support to staff
    • —Tracking and monitoring progress and program success
  11. Elements of Family Preservation
    Who is the client?
    Where does the treatment occur?
    How is it based?
    Who sets the goals?
    What is the relationship?
    • —The whole family is the client
    • in the family environment
    • —Strengths based
    • by the family
    • —Partnership between family and worker
  12. Requirement for states to provide services to families to make the home suitable or to move the children to a more suitable location
    Flemming Rule
  13. Requires a thorough assessment, determination of need for a specific service and documentation of efforts to provide the service
    Reasonable Efforts
  14. Reduce lengthy stays of children of minority heritage
  15. Establishes requirements for mandatory reporting of suspected child abuse
    CAPTA, 1974
  16. Provides that tribes have exclusive jurisdiction over child welfare issues involving a Native American child
  17. Established the first federal grants for child welfare
    Social Security Act, 1935
  18. Required efforts be made to keep children in their own home
    Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act, 1980
  19. Requires subjects of CPS investigations be informed of the allegations against them
    Keeping Children and Families Safe Act, 2003
  20. Promotes timely adoptions
    Adoption and Safe Families Act, 1997
  21. Gives preference to kinship over foster care
    PRWORA, 1996
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child welfare 2 (part three)

child welfare 2 (part three)
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