Med term 2!!

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Med term 2!!
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2012-12-17 21:14:16
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  1. Normal Hgb
    M: 14-16 g/dL

    F:  12-14 g/dL
  2. Normal Hct
    M: 40-50%

    F:  37-47%
  3. Normal RBC
    M: 4.5- 6.0 million per mm^3

    F:  4.0-5.5 million per mm^3
  4. Normal WBC
    4,500- 11,000/ mm^3 mL
  5. WNL
    within normal limits
  6. WBC
    white blood cell
  7. ML
    microliter
  8. SMAC
    sequential multiple analyzer computer
  9. segs
    segmented, mature white blood cells
  10. sed rate
    erythrocyte sedimentation rate
  11. RBC
    red blood cell
  12. PTT
    partial thromboplastin time
  13. PT
    prothrombin time
  14. polys, PMNs, PMNLs
    polymorphonuclear leukocytes
  15. mono
    monocyte
  16. mm^3
    cubic milimeter
  17. MCV
    mean corpuscular volume
  18. MCHC
    mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
  19. MCH
    mean corpuscular hemoglobin
  20. lymphs
    lymphocytes
  21. IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM
    immunoglobulins
  22. HLA
    human leukocyte antigen
  23. H and H
    hemoglobin & hematocrit
  24. Hgb, HGB
    hemoglobin
  25. Hct
    hematocrit
  26. HCL
    hairy cell leukemia
  27. GVHD
    graft-versus-host disease
  28. g/dL
    gram per deciliter
  29. GM-CSF
    granulocyte-macrophage colony- stimulating factor
  30. G-CSF
    granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
  31. Fe
    iron
  32. ESR
    erythrocyte sedimentation rate
  33. EPO
    erythropoietin
  34. eos
    eosinophils
  35. EBV
    epstein-Barr virus
  36. diff
    differential count
  37. DIC
    disseminated intravasculat coagulation
  38. CML
    chronie myelogenous leukemia
  39. CLL
    chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  40. CBC
    complete blood count
  41. BMT
    bone marrow transplantation
  42. baso
    basophils
  43. bands
    immature white blood cells
  44. ASCT
    autologous stem cell transplantation
  45. ANC
    absolute neutrophil count
  46. AML
    acute myelogenous leukemia
  47. ALL
    acute lymphocytic leukemia
  48. ABO
    four main blood types
  49. Four main blood types
    A, B, AB, & 0
  50. ABMT
    autologous bone marrow
  51. Ab
    antibody
  52. V/Q scan
    ventilation- perfusion scan
  53. VC
    vital capacity
  54. VATS
    video-assisted thoracic surgery
  55. Vt
    tidal volume
  56. URI
    upper respiration infection
  57. TLC
    total lung capacity
  58. TB
    tuberculosis
  59. SOB
    shortness of breath
  60. SCLC
    small cell lung cancer
  61. Rv
    residual volume
  62. RUL
    right upper lobe
  63. RSV
    respiratory syncytial virus
  64. RLL
    right lower lobe
  65. RDS
    respiratory distress syndrome
  66. PPD
    purified protein derivative
  67. PND
    paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
  68. PFTs
    pulmonary function tests
  69. PEEP
    positive end-expiratory pressure
  70. PEP
    positive expiratory pressure
  71. PE
    pulmonary embolism
  72. PCP
    pneumocystis pneumonia
  73. PaO2
    oxygen partial pressure
  74. PaCO2
    carbon dioxide partial pressure
  75. OSA
    obstructive sleep apnea
  76. O2
    oxygen
  77. NSCLC
    non- small cell lung cancer
  78. MDI
    metered-dose inhaler
  79. LUL
    left upper lobe
  80. LLL
    left lower lobe
  81. ICU
    intensive care unit
  82. HCO3
    bicarbonate
  83. FVC
    forced vital capacity
  84. FEV
    forced expiratory volume in 1 sec
  85. DPT
    diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus
  86. DOE
    dyspnea on exertion
  87. DlCo
    diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide
  88. CXR
    chest X-ray
  89. CTPA
    computed tomography pulmonary angiography
  90. C & S
    culture & sensitivity testing
  91. CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  92. CPAP
    continuous positive airway pressure
  93. COPD
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  94. CO2
    carbon dioxide
  95. CF
    cystic fibrosis
  96. Bronch
    bronchoscopy
  97. BAL
    bronchioalveolar lavage
  98. ARDS
    acute respiratory distress syndrome
  99. AFB
    acid-fast bacillus
  100. ABGs
    arterial blood gases
  101. tPA
    tissue plasminogen activator
  102. TLE
    temporal lobe epilepsy
  103. TIA
    transient ischemic attack
  104. TENS
    transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
  105. TBI
    traumatic brain injury
  106. Sz
    seizure
  107. PSRS
    proton stereotactic radiosurgery
  108. PNS
    peripheral nervous system
  109. PET
    positron emmision tomography
  110. PCA
    patient-controlled anesthesia
  111. 1/2 P
    hemiparesis
  112. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging
  113. sialaden/o
    salivary gland
  114. medi/o
    middle
  115. immun/o
    protection
  116. the/o
    tp put, place
  117. cutane/o
    skin
  118. gon/o
    seed
  119. dipl/o
    two
  120. omphal/o
    umbilicus, navel
  121. -cyesis
    pregnancy
  122. -arche
    beginning
  123. chondr/o
    cartilage
  124. -ior
    pertaining to
  125. -salpinx
    fallopian tube
  126. -parous
    bearing, bringing forth
  127. -malacia
    softening
  128. salping/o
    fallopian tubes
  129. uter/o
    uterus
  130. vagin/o
    vagina
  131. vulv/o
    vulva
  132. meta-
    beyond
  133. -stomy
    opening to from a mouth (stoma)
  134. -ia
    condition
  135. nat/i
    birth
  136. -genesis
    condition of producing, forming
  137. amin/o
    amino
  138. amino
    sac surrounding the embryo in the uterus
  139. isch/o
    hold back
  140. glycogen/o
    lycogen, animal starch
  141. end?
    within
  142. iatr/o
    treatment, physician
  143. dys-
    painful
  144. in-
    in
  145. intra-
    ithin
  146. multi-
    many
  147. -epi
    above
  148. alk phos
    alkaline phosphatase
  149. ACE is?
    angiotension -converting enzyme
  150. SAD is the abbreviation for?
    seasonal affective disorder
  151. A percutaneous transhepatic ________, or injection of contrast via a needle through the skin and into the liver, was performed to assist in determining the cause of Mr. Dimarco's jaundice?
    cholangiography
  152. PCI is the abbreviation for?
    percutaneous coronary intervention
  153. Cramplike pain in calf muscles caused by exercise & relieved by rest is called?
    Intermitten claudication
  154. PAC is the abbreviation for?
    premature atrial contraction
  155. the draw-a-person test is an example of?
    projection test
  156. a more specific diagnosis for PID would be?
    salpingitis
  157. Raidographic xray imaging of the uterus & fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material is?
    hysterosalpingography
  158. process of taking a gene from one organism and inserting it into the DNA of another organism is called?
    recombinant DNA technique
  159. A glioma  is an intracranial tumor that arises from?
    supportive or connecive tissue of the brain
  160. which procedure uses an intracranial uses an intracranial guiding device to deliver high-dose radiation to the precisely targeted tumor tissue?
    stereotactic radiosurgery
  161. -phasia
    speech
  162. the personality disorder characterized by emotional attention-seeking, immature & dependent behavior with irrational outbursts & tantrums is labeled?
    histrionic
  163. -leptic
    to seize hold of 
  164. Blocking of an artery by a blood clot is?
    thrombotic occlusion
  165. Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart that occurs when microorganisms invade its surface is called _______?
    endocard
  166. The study of subcellular drug interactions is called?
    molecular pharmacology
  167. Ventilatory support used to keep the airway open in case of obstructive sleep apnea is abbreviated?
    CPAP
  168. Atelectasis?
    incomplete expansion of a lung
  169. Which hormone stimullates uterine contractions during labor?
    oxytocin
  170. Digoxin primarily acts by?
    slowing the heart rate & helping the heart pump forcefully
  171. The collection of stationary lymph tissue in the neck region is known as?
    cervical nodes
  172. ________ means pertaining to decreased activity & reactivity to the environment?
    catatonic
  173. -physis
    to grow
  174. involuntary nerves that help regulate body functions like heart rate & respiration are the?
    parasym pathetic nerves
  175. Radiographic (xray) exam of a cervical of lumbar intervertebral disk after injection of a contrast material into the interior of the disk is?
    diskography
  176. Which gland secretes a fluid into the vas deferens?
    seminal vesicles
  177. TUIP is the abbreviation for?
    transurethral incision of the prostate
  178. Tranquilizers are used to treat?
    anxiety
  179. ________ is the beginning of the first menstrual period?
    menarche
  180. finger-like projections on the outer end of the fallopian tubes that help move the ovum toward the uterus are?
    fimbriae
  181. A system for scoring an infants physical condition both 1 min  & 5 mins after birth is called?
    apgar scoring
  182. which hormone is responsible for the buildup of the uterine lining during the menstrual cycle?
    progesterone
  183. Measurement of the mother's pelvis to determine its capacity for vaginal birth is called?
    pelvimetry
  184. The male sex cell is called the?
    spermatozon
  185. which term means inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain & spinal cord?
    meningitis
  186. compression of the heart caused by collection of fluid in the pericardial cavity is?
    cardiac temponade
  187. combination of 2 drugs causing an effect greater than the sum of each drug alone is called?
    synergism
  188. Lumps that are sometimes associated with premenstrual tenderness & fullness. This common benign condition is known as?
    fibrocystic disease
  189. Rapid, random, inefficient contraction of the atria or ventrides is called?
    fibrillation
  190. The study of drug effects in the body is called?
    pharmacodynamics
  191. Examination of the vaginal & cervical surfaces with a special magnifying instrument is called a __________?
    colposcopy
  192. A(n) _______ is an unexpected drug effect in a particularly sensitive person?
    idiosyncrasy
  193. ___________ the protrusion of the meninges & spinal cord through a defect in the spinal column
    myelomeningo
  194. The sensory warning some people experience before a seizure is called?
    an aura
  195. A set of xrays of the bones in the spinal column, pelvis, & wrist to detect bone density is called?
    dual-energy xray absorptiometry
  196. trache/o
    trachea (windpipe)
  197. A purulent absess is an?
    pustule
  198. Dependent on a narcotic to the degree that cessation causes severe physiologic & emotional reactions?
    addiction
  199. The ______ colon extends from cecum to the undersurface of the liver?
    ascending
  200. The sensitive tip of the penis is called?
    glans penis
  201. Follow up exam for a vasectomy?
    semen analysis
  202. The organ near the stomach that produces, stores, & eliminates blood cells is?
    spleen
  203. Fluid transported by the lymphatic vessels is called?
    lymph
  204. The ________ physis pubis is the joint formed by the fusion of the two pubic bones?
    sym
  205. Spina bifida which results in the protrusion of the meninges?
    meningocele
  206. Heparin is an?
    anticoagulant
  207. prefix in the term infracostal is?
    infra-
  208. Removal of breast tissue?
    mastectomy
  209. White wrapping that surrounds & protects the axon is the?
    myelin sheath
  210. One who specializes in treating diseases of the kidney is a?
    hephrologist
  211. Suffix in the term adenoids is?
    -oid
  212. Surgical puncture to remove fluid from a joint?
    arthrocentesis
  213. vag/o means?
    vagus nerve
  214. A condition of involuntary, spasmodic movements?
    dyskinesia
  215. -ptosis
    prolapse
  216. Outer region of the kidney is?
    cortex
  217. The lab test used to detect & differentiate abnormal levels of specific antibodis?
    immunoelectrophoresis
  218. Abbreviation for mulitple-gated acquisition scan is?
    MUGA scan
  219. The use of shock waves to crush urinary tract stones is called?
    lithotripsy
  220. An acute reaction to certain drugs that leads to poor renal functio, fever, & rash accompanied by eosinophils in the urine is called?
    interstitial nephritis
  221. Repair of a hernia?
    rrhaphy
  222. IBD is the abbreviation for?
    inflammatory bowel disease
  223. ________ means the stopping or suppression of bile flo?
    cholestasis
  224. Kidney disease is ______?
    nephropathy
  225. A bone cell that absorbs & removes unwanted bone tissue is an?
    osteoclast
  226. Combining form for the urinary bladder is?
    vesic/o
  227. Which prefix combined with thoracic means pertaining to above the chest?
    supra-
  228. Combining form toc/o means?
    childbirth
  229. Most organs of the digestive tract are held in place by a stretchable membrane called the?
    peritoneum
  230. Plasma protein that serves as a defense mechanism of the immune system?
    globulin
  231. Tough outer membrane covering the eyball; helps maintain the size and shape of the muscles that move the eye?
    sclera
  232. Lab test that detects hypocalcemia?
    serum calcium test
  233. T cells that directly kill foreign cells are?
    cytotoxic T cells
  234. SLE if the abbreviation for?
    systemic lupus erythematosus
  235. What is (are) the target organs of a gonadotropin?
    sex glands
  236. The outer section of the adrenal gland is?
    adrenal cortex
  237. prefix tetra- means?
    four
  238. The organs or tissues on which hormones act are called?
    targets
  239. FBS is the abbreviation  for?
    fasting blood sugar
  240. This type of muscle is striated but its movement  cannot be consciously controlled?
    cardiac
  241. Spongy, porous, trabecular bone is?
    cancellous bone
  242. Turning a body part outward is called?
    eversion
  243. The gland at the base of the brain is the?
    pituitary
  244. Nasopharyngeal lymph tissue is called?
    adenoids
  245. Membrane lining the eylids & covering the anterior portion of the sclera is?
    conjunctiva
  246. Gigantism is caused by?
    hypertension of growth hormone by the pituitary before puberty
  247. Turning the palm of the hand backward (down) is called?
    pronation
  248. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disrupts?
    cell-mediated immunity ( T Cell lymphocytes)
  249. Layer of the eye containing rods & conesis the?
    Retina
  250. The sebum plug characteristic of acne is called?
    comedo
  251. -tropia means?
    to turn
  252. Passages in the inner ear associated with maintaining equilibrium are the?
    semicircular canals
  253. -blast 
    embryonic or immature cell
  254. ______ is chronic inflammatory myopathy?
    polymyositis
  255. Combining form for tears is?
    lacrim/o
  256. A_______ biopsy is the aspiration of a core tissue for microscopic exam?
    needle
  257. What is the term for a congenital opening of the urethra on the underside of the penis?
    hypospadius
  258. Diabetes insipidus  occurs when ____ is inadequately produced or improperly used in the body?
    antidiuretic  hormone
  259. Sp gr is the abbreviation for?
    specific gravity
  260. The suffix in the term electrophoresis means?
    carrying
  261. ultra-
    beyond
  262. ______ are tiny projections in the walls of the small intestine that absorb nutrients?
    villi
  263. A gland in the neck is?
    thyroid
  264. Folds or wrinkles within the stomach are called?
    rugae
  265. TPN is the abbreviation for?
    total parenteral nutrition
  266. A feeding tube placed in the stomach is?
    G tube
  267. Inner region of the kidney is?
    medulla
  268. Visual exam of the bladder by means of a lighted instrument inserted into the urethra?
    cystoscopy
  269. -uria
    suffix meaning condition of the urine
  270. albumin in the urine is called?
    albuminuria
  271. The _______ is the cup-shaped capsule surrounding the glomeruli?
    bowman's capsule
  272. The foreign sub neutralized  by antibodies in the immune process is called?
    antigen
  273. The PH of urine is normally?
    slightly acidic
  274. ur/o
    combining form for urine
  275. meat/o
    combining form for meatus
  276. When the kidney fails to excrete urine ________ has occured?
    renal failure
  277. ______ nephritis is the inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney?
    glomerulonephritis
  278. Smoky red color to urine is indicative of blood in the urine, or?
    hematuria
  279. Medical term for lying face down is?
    prone
  280. Prefix combined w/ calcemia means pertaining to deficient blood calcium?
    hypo-
  281. The normal formation of blood cells in the bone marrow is called?
    hematopoiesis
  282. _______ abbreviated ____ is the use of an artificial kidney machine to to remove waste materials from the bloodstream when the kidneys no longer function?
    hemodialysis, HD
  283. ______ abbreviated ______ can help detect small renal tumors by producing images using a magnetic field and radio waves?
    magnetic resonance imaging, MRI
  284. A malignant tumor of the kidney occurring in childhood is known as?
    wilms tumor
  285. ______ which is abbreviated  _______ is a diagnostic tech that beams ionizing xrays at multiple angles around a specific section of the body to detect disease?
    computed tomography, CT
  286. Which test measures the # of helper T cells in the bloodstream of pts w/ AIDS?
    CD4 lymphocyte count
  287. A _______ is the incision of a vein?
    phlebotomy
  288. The abbreviation for percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube is?
    PEG tube
  289. Abbreviation for gastroesophageal reflux disease is?
    GERD
  290. The abbreviation that refers to the structure removed in a cholecystectomy?
    GB
  291. _________ is the removal of part of the large intestine?
    Colectomy
  292. Refraction refers to the bending of light rays to bring the rays into focus on the?
    retina
  293. The abbreviation for a bowel movement is?
    BM
  294. _________ means vomiting blood?
    hematemesis
  295. -pepsia
    digestion
  296. the abbreviation LFTs stands for?
    liver function tests
  297. ________ means difficult digestion?
    -pepsia
  298. The tube leading from the bladder to the outside of the body is?
    urethra
  299. ______ are phagocytic granulocytes
    neutrophils
  300. Hemat/o means?
    liver
  301. Flap of the ear?
    auricle
  302. The ________ is the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland?
    neurohypophysis
  303. Small channels in compact bone that contains blood vessels are called?
    haversian canals
  304. The abbreviation for syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone?
    SIADH
  305. Which hormone promotes breast tissue growth & milk secretion?
    prolactin
  306. A freckle is an example of?
    macule
  307. Small, repeated doses of radiation are termed?
    fractionation
  308. _____ is pigmentation loss in areas of the skin
    vitiligo
  309. KUB is the abbreviation for?
    kidney, ureters, & bladder
  310. RTI is the abbreviation for?
    reverse transcriptase inhibitor
  311. lith/o
    stone
  312. Slow heartbeat?
    brady cardia
  313. hyper- means?
    excessive or above
  314. Myxedema is the result of?
    severe hypothyroidism
  315. KS is the abbreviation for?
    kaposi sarcoma
  316. eti/o
    cause
  317. Primitive immature  blood cells are called?
    stem cells
  318. Serum is plasma minus?
    clotting proteins & cells
  319. WBCs with dense reddish granules that increase in allergic reactions?
    eosinophils
  320. ____________  is a deficiency in the total number of basophils, eosinophils, & neutrophils?
    penia
  321. WBCs that do not contain granules in their cytoplasm are _______ or mononuclears?
    agranulocytees
  322. The blood protein in RBCs that enables the RBCs to carry oxygen is called?
    hemoglobin
  323. trich/o
    hair
  324. steat/o
    fat
  325. squam/o
    scale-like
  326. seb/o
    sebum
  327. rhytid/o
    wrinkle
  328. py/o
    pus
  329. pil/o
    hair
  330. phyt/o
    plant
  331. onych/o
    nail
  332. myc/o
    fungus
  333. melan/o
    black
  334. lip/o
    fat
  335. leuk/o
    white
  336. kerat/o
    hard
  337. ichthy/o
    dry, scaly
  338. hidr/o
    sweat
  339. erythem/o, erythemat/o
    redness
  340. diaphor/o
    profuse sweating
  341. derm/o, dermat/o
    skin
  342. cutane/o
    skin
  343. cauter/o
    heat, burn
  344. caus/o
    burn, burning
  345. albin/o
    white
  346. adip/o
    fat
  347. poly-
    many, much
  348. dorsi-
    back
  349. ad-
    toward
  350. ab-
    away from
  351. -trophy
    development, nourishment
  352. -asthenia
    lack of strength
  353. sarc/o
    muscle and flesh
  354. rhabdomy/o
    skeletal
  355. plant/o
    sole of the foot
  356. Myos/o
    muscle
  357. myocadi/o
    heart muscle
  358. my/o
    muscle
  359. leiomy/o
    smooth
  360. fibr/o
    fibrous connective tissue
  361. fasci/o
    fascia
  362. -stenosis
    narrowing
  363. -desis
    to bind, tie together
  364. -phobia
    fear
  365. -mania
    obsessive preoccupation
  366. -leptic
    to seize  hold of
  367. -genic
    produced by
  368. somat/o
    body
  369. schiz/o
    split
  370. psych/o
    mind
  371. phren/o
    mind
  372. phil/o
    attraction to, love
  373. neur/o
    nerve
  374. ment/o
    mind
  375. iatr/o
    treatment
  376. hypn/o
    sleep
  377. hallucin/o
    hallucination, to wander in the mind
  378. aut/o
    self
  379. anxi/o
    uneasy, anxious, distressed
  380. anti-
    against
  381. ana-
    upward, excesive again
  382. vit/o
    life
  383. ven/o
    vein
  384. vas/o
    vessel
  385. toxic/o
    poison
  386. tox/o
    poison
  387. thec/o
    sheath
  388. pyret/o
    fever
  389. prurit/o
    itching
  390. pharmac/o
    drug
  391. or/o
    mouth
  392. narc/o
    stupor
  393. myc/o
    mold, fungus
  394. lingu/o
    tongue
  395. iatr/o
    treatment
  396. hypn/o
    sleep
  397. hist/o
    tissue
  398. esthes/o
    feeling, sensation
  399. erg/o
    work
  400. derm/o
    skin
  401. cutane/o
    skin
  402. cras/o
    mixture
  403. chem/o
    drug
  404. bronch/o
    bronchial tube
  405. alges/o
    sensitivity to pain
  406. aer/o
    air
  407. ultra-
    beyond
  408. EDC
    estimated date of confinement
  409. EMB
    endometrial biopsy
  410. FHR
    fetal heart rate
  411. FSH
    follicle-stimulating hormone
  412. G
    gravida
  413. CIS
    carcinoma in site
  414. CIN
    cervical intrepithelial neoplasia
  415. C-section
    cesarean section
  416. CA 125
    protein marker elevated in ovarian cancer
  417. BSE
    breast self-examination
  418. BRCA1, BRCA2
    breast cancer 1 & 2
  419. AUB
    abnormal uterine bleeding
  420. ASCUS
    atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance
  421. AFP
    alpha-fetoprotein
  422. AB
    abortion
  423. VCUG
    voiding cystourethrogram
  424. UTI
    urinary tract infection
  425. UA
    urinalysis
  426. Sp gr
    specific gravity
  427. RP
    retrograde pyelogram
  428. PUL
    percutaneous ultrasonic lithotripsy
  429. PKU
    phenylketonuria
  430. PKD
    polycystic kidney disease
  431. pH
    potential hydrogen
  432. PD
    peritoneal dialysis
  433. Nat
    sodium
  434. KUB
    kidney, ureter, & bladder
  435. K+
    potassium
  436. IC
    interstitial cystitis
  437. HD
    hemodialysis
  438. HCO3
    bicarbonate
  439. GFR
    glomerular filtration rate
  440. ESRD
    end-stage renal disease
  441. cysto
    cystoscopic exam
  442. C & S
    culture & sensitivity testing
  443. CRF
    chronic renal failure
  444. CRCL
    creatinine clearance
  445. Cl-
    chloride
  446. CKD
    chronic kidney disease
  447. CCPD
    continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis
  448. ARF
    acute renal failure
  449. ADH
    antidiuretic hormone
  450. Cath
    catheter, catheterization
  451. CAPD
    contiuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
  452. BUN
    blood urea nitrogen
  453. BILI
    bilirubin
  454. T tube
    tube placed in bile duct for drainage into a small pouch outside the body
  455. spinal cavity
    space within the spiral column & containing the spinal cord
  456. ventral
    pertaining to the front
  457. hypochondriac 
    rt & left upper regions beneath the ribs
  458. lumbar
    rt & left middle regions near the waist
  459. umbilical
    central region near the navel
  460. inguinal
    rt & left lower regions near the groin
  461. hypogastric
    middle lower region below the umbilical region
  462. cervical
    neck region
  463. thoracic
    chest region
  464. lumbar
    loin region
  465. sacral
    region of the sacrum
  466. coccygeal
    region of the coccyx
  467. vertebra
    single backbone
  468. spinal column
    bone tissue  surrounding the spinal cavity
  469. spinal cord
    nervous tissue within the spinal cavity
  470. disk
    pad of cartilage between vertebrae
  471. epigastric
    middle upper region above the stomach
  472. anterior
    front surface of the body
  473. deep
    away from the surface
  474. distal
    far from the pt of attachment to the trunk 
  475. lateral
    pertaining to the side
  476. 3 major types of bacteria
    • cocci
    • bacilli
    • spirilla
  477. How is shape distortion controlled?
    alignment of central ray, pts anatomy & IR
  478. amino acids
    small building blocks of proteins released when proteins are digested
  479. Size distortion is minimized by what?
    using longer SIDs & minimum OIDs
  480. amylase
    enzyme secreated by the pancreas to digest starch
  481. anus
    terminal end or opening of the digestive tract to the outside of the body

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