Med term 2!!
Card Set Information
Med term 2!!
M: 14-16 g/dL
F: 12-14 g/dL
M: 4.5- 6.0 million per mm^3
F: 4.0-5.5 million per mm^3
4,500- 11,000/ mm^3 mL
within normal limits
white blood cell
sequential multiple analyzer computer
segmented, mature white blood cells
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
red blood cell
partial thromboplastin time
polys, PMNs, PMNLs
mean corpuscular volume
mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
mean corpuscular hemoglobin
IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM
human leukocyte antigen
H and H
hemoglobin & hematocrit
hairy cell leukemia
gram per deciliter
granulocyte-macrophage colony- stimulating factor
granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
disseminated intravasculat coagulation
chronie myelogenous leukemia
chronic lymphocytic leukemia
complete blood count
bone marrow transplantation
immature white blood cells
autologous stem cell transplantation
absolute neutrophil count
acute myelogenous leukemia
acute lymphocytic leukemia
four main blood types
Four main blood types
A, B, AB, & 0
autologous bone marrow
ventilation- perfusion scan
video-assisted thoracic surgery
upper respiration infection
total lung capacity
shortness of breath
small cell lung cancer
right upper lobe
respiratory syncytial virus
right lower lobe
respiratory distress syndrome
purified protein derivative
paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
pulmonary function tests
positive end-expiratory pressure
positive expiratory pressure
oxygen partial pressure
carbon dioxide partial pressure
obstructive sleep apnea
non- small cell lung cancer
left upper lobe
left lower lobe
intensive care unit
forced vital capacity
forced expiratory volume in 1 sec
diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus
dyspnea on exertion
diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide
computed tomography pulmonary angiography
C & S
culture & sensitivity testing
continuous positive airway pressure
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
acute respiratory distress syndrome
arterial blood gases
tissue plasminogen activator
temporal lobe epilepsy
transient ischemic attack
transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
traumatic brain injury
proton stereotactic radiosurgery
peripheral nervous system
positron emmision tomography
magnetic resonance imaging
tp put, place
bearing, bringing forth
opening to from a mouth (stoma)
condition of producing, forming
sac surrounding the embryo in the uterus
lycogen, animal starch
angiotension -converting enzyme
SAD is the abbreviation for?
seasonal affective disorder
A percutaneous transhepatic ________, or injection of contrast via a needle through the skin and into the liver, was performed to assist in determining the cause of Mr. Dimarco's jaundice?
PCI is the abbreviation for?
percutaneous coronary intervention
Cramplike pain in calf muscles caused by exercise & relieved by rest is called?
PAC is the abbreviation for?
premature atrial contraction
the draw-a-person test is an example of?
a more specific diagnosis for PID would be?
Raidographic xray imaging of the uterus & fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material is?
process of taking a gene from one organism and inserting it into the DNA of another organism is called?
recombinant DNA technique
A glioma is an intracranial tumor that arises from?
supportive or connecive tissue of the brain
which procedure uses an intracranial uses an intracranial guiding device to deliver high-dose radiation to the precisely targeted tumor tissue?
the personality disorder characterized by emotional attention-seeking, immature & dependent behavior with irrational outbursts & tantrums is labeled?
to seize hold of
Blocking of an artery by a blood clot is?
Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart that occurs when microorganisms invade its surface is called _______?
The study of subcellular drug interactions is called?
Ventilatory support used to keep the airway open in case of obstructive sleep apnea is abbreviated?
incomplete expansion of a lung
Which hormone stimullates uterine contractions during labor?
Digoxin primarily acts by?
slowing the heart rate & helping the heart pump forcefully
The collection of stationary lymph tissue in the neck region is known as?
________ means pertaining to decreased activity & reactivity to the environment?
involuntary nerves that help regulate body functions like heart rate & respiration are the?
parasym pathetic nerves
Radiographic (xray) exam of a cervical of lumbar intervertebral disk after injection of a contrast material into the interior of the disk is?
Which gland secretes a fluid into the vas deferens?
TUIP is the abbreviation for?
transurethral incision of the prostate
Tranquilizers are used to treat?
________ is the beginning of the first menstrual period?
finger-like projections on the outer end of the fallopian tubes that help move the ovum toward the uterus are?
A system for scoring an infants physical condition both 1 min & 5 mins after birth is called?
which hormone is responsible for the buildup of the uterine lining during the menstrual cycle?
Measurement of the mother's pelvis to determine its capacity for vaginal birth is called?
The male sex cell is called the?
which term means inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain & spinal cord?
compression of the heart caused by collection of fluid in the pericardial cavity is?
combination of 2 drugs causing an effect greater than the sum of each drug alone is called?
Lumps that are sometimes associated with premenstrual tenderness & fullness. This common benign condition is known as?
Rapid, random, inefficient contraction of the atria or ventrides is called?
The study of drug effects in the body is called?
Examination of the vaginal & cervical surfaces with a special magnifying instrument is called a __________?
A(n) _______ is an unexpected drug effect in a particularly sensitive person?
___________ the protrusion of the meninges & spinal cord through a defect in the spinal column
The sensory warning some people experience before a seizure is called?
A set of xrays of the bones in the spinal column, pelvis, & wrist to detect bone density is called?
dual-energy xray absorptiometry
A purulent absess is an?
Dependent on a narcotic to the degree that cessation causes severe physiologic & emotional reactions?
The ______ colon extends from cecum to the undersurface of the liver?
The sensitive tip of the penis is called?
Follow up exam for a vasectomy?
The organ near the stomach that produces, stores, & eliminates blood cells is?
Fluid transported by the lymphatic vessels is called?
The ________ physis pubis is the joint formed by the fusion of the two pubic bones?
Spina bifida which results in the protrusion of the meninges?
Heparin is an?
prefix in the term infracostal is?
Removal of breast tissue?
White wrapping that surrounds & protects the axon is the?
One who specializes in treating diseases of the kidney is a?
Suffix in the term adenoids is?
Surgical puncture to remove fluid from a joint?
A condition of involuntary, spasmodic movements?
Outer region of the kidney is?
The lab test used to detect & differentiate abnormal levels of specific antibodis?
Abbreviation for mulitple-gated acquisition scan is?
The use of shock waves to crush urinary tract stones is called?
An acute reaction to certain drugs that leads to poor renal functio, fever, & rash accompanied by eosinophils in the urine is called?
Repair of a hernia?
IBD is the abbreviation for?
inflammatory bowel disease
________ means the stopping or suppression of bile flo?
Kidney disease is ______?
A bone cell that absorbs & removes unwanted bone tissue is an?
Combining form for the urinary bladder is?
Which prefix combined with thoracic means pertaining to above the chest?
Combining form toc/o means?
Most organs of the digestive tract are held in place by a stretchable membrane called the?
Plasma protein that serves as a defense mechanism of the immune system?
Tough outer membrane covering the eyball; helps maintain the size and shape of the muscles that move the eye?
Lab test that detects hypocalcemia?
serum calcium test
T cells that directly kill foreign cells are?
cytotoxic T cells
SLE if the abbreviation for?
systemic lupus erythematosus
What is (are) the target organs of a gonadotropin?
The outer section of the adrenal gland is?
prefix tetra- means?
The organs or tissues on which hormones act are called?
FBS is the abbreviation for?
fasting blood sugar
This type of muscle is striated but its movement cannot be consciously controlled?
Spongy, porous, trabecular bone is?
Turning a body part outward is called?
The gland at the base of the brain is the?
Nasopharyngeal lymph tissue is called?
Membrane lining the eylids & covering the anterior portion of the sclera is?
Gigantism is caused by?
hypertension of growth hormone by the pituitary before puberty
Turning the palm of the hand backward (down) is called?
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disrupts?
cell-mediated immunity ( T Cell lymphocytes)
Layer of the eye containing rods & conesis the?
The sebum plug characteristic of acne is called?
Passages in the inner ear associated with maintaining equilibrium are the?
embryonic or immature cell
______ is chronic inflammatory myopathy?
Combining form for tears is?
A_______ biopsy is the aspiration of a core tissue for microscopic exam?
What is the term for a congenital opening of the urethra on the underside of the penis?
Diabetes insipidus occurs when ____ is inadequately produced or improperly used in the body?
Sp gr is the abbreviation for?
The suffix in the term electrophoresis means?
______ are tiny projections in the walls of the small intestine that absorb nutrients?
A gland in the neck is?
Folds or wrinkles within the stomach are called?
TPN is the abbreviation for?
total parenteral nutrition
A feeding tube placed in the stomach is?
Inner region of the kidney is?
Visual exam of the bladder by means of a lighted instrument inserted into the urethra?
suffix meaning condition of the urine
albumin in the urine is called?
The _______ is the cup-shaped capsule surrounding the glomeruli?
The foreign sub neutralized by antibodies in the immune process is called?
The PH of urine is normally?
combining form for urine
combining form for meatus
When the kidney fails to excrete urine ________ has occured?
______ nephritis is the inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney?
Smoky red color to urine is indicative of blood in the urine, or?
Medical term for lying face down is?
Prefix combined w/ calcemia means pertaining to deficient blood calcium?
The normal formation of blood cells in the bone marrow is called?
_______ abbreviated ____ is the use of an artificial kidney machine to to remove waste materials from the bloodstream when the kidneys no longer function?
______ abbreviated ______ can help detect small renal tumors by producing images using a magnetic field and radio waves?
magnetic resonance imaging, MRI
A malignant tumor of the kidney occurring in childhood is known as?
______ which is abbreviated _______ is a diagnostic tech that beams ionizing xrays at multiple angles around a specific section of the body to detect disease?
computed tomography, CT
Which test measures the # of helper T cells in the bloodstream of pts w/ AIDS?
CD4 lymphocyte count
A _______ is the incision of a vein?
The abbreviation for percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube is?
Abbreviation for gastroesophageal reflux disease is?
The abbreviation that refers to the structure removed in a cholecystectomy?
_________ is the removal of part of the large intestine?
Refraction refers to the bending of light rays to bring the rays into focus on the?
The abbreviation for a bowel movement is?
_________ means vomiting blood?
the abbreviation LFTs stands for?
liver function tests
________ means difficult digestion?
The tube leading from the bladder to the outside of the body is?
______ are phagocytic granulocytes
Flap of the ear?
The ________ is the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland?
Small channels in compact bone that contains blood vessels are called?
The abbreviation for syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone?
Which hormone promotes breast tissue growth & milk secretion?
A freckle is an example of?
Small, repeated doses of radiation are termed?
_____ is pigmentation loss in areas of the skin
KUB is the abbreviation for?
kidney, ureters, & bladder
RTI is the abbreviation for?
reverse transcriptase inhibitor
excessive or above
Myxedema is the result of?
KS is the abbreviation for?
Primitive immature blood cells are called?
Serum is plasma minus?
clotting proteins & cells
WBCs with dense reddish granules that increase in allergic reactions?
____________ is a deficiency in the total number of basophils, eosinophils, & neutrophils?
WBCs that do not contain granules in their cytoplasm are _______ or mononuclears?
The blood protein in RBCs that enables the RBCs to carry oxygen is called?
lack of strength
muscle and flesh
sole of the foot
fibrous connective tissue
to bind, tie together
to seize hold of
attraction to, love
hallucination, to wander in the mind
uneasy, anxious, distressed
upward, excesive again
sensitivity to pain
estimated date of confinement
fetal heart rate
carcinoma in site
cervical intrepithelial neoplasia
protein marker elevated in ovarian cancer
breast cancer 1 & 2
abnormal uterine bleeding
atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance
urinary tract infection
percutaneous ultrasonic lithotripsy
polycystic kidney disease
kidney, ureter, & bladder
glomerular filtration rate
end-stage renal disease
C & S
culture & sensitivity testing
chronic renal failure
chronic kidney disease
continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis
acute renal failure
contiuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
blood urea nitrogen
tube placed in bile duct for drainage into a small pouch outside the body
space within the spiral column & containing the spinal cord
pertaining to the front
rt & left upper regions beneath the ribs
rt & left middle regions near the waist
central region near the navel
rt & left lower regions near the groin
middle lower region below the umbilical region
region of the sacrum
region of the coccyx
bone tissue surrounding the spinal cavity
nervous tissue within the spinal cavity
pad of cartilage between vertebrae
middle upper region above the stomach
front surface of the body
away from the surface
far from the pt of attachment to the trunk
pertaining to the side
3 major types of bacteria
How is shape distortion controlled?
alignment of central ray, pts anatomy & IR
small building blocks of proteins released when proteins are digested
Size distortion is minimized by what?
using longer SIDs & minimum OIDs
enzyme secreated by the pancreas to digest starch
terminal end or opening of the digestive tract to the outside of the body