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a system of beliefs that assert the inferiority of one sex and that justify discrimination based on gender- that is one feminine or masculine behavior
- a male dominated society
- exist everywhere
- cultural beliefs and values typically give higher prestige and importance to men than to women
- societies that give preference to women
- rare in contemporary world
being treated like objects rather than people
the subordination of women that is part of the everday workings of social institutions
pay for particular jobs shouldn't be low simply because those jobs happen to be filled predominantly by women.
biological maleness or femaleness
psycholgical, social and cultural aspects of malesness and femaleness
Something people do
process through which one learns how to act according to the rules and expectations of a particular cultue regarding gender
cross-sex activity that strengthens boundaries between girls and boys
Boys popularity factors
athletic abilitiy, coolness, toughness, savoir-faire, interest in and romantic success with girls'
Academic success can be negative
Girls popularity factors
family background, physical attractiveness, social skills
Why do men make more than women?
- 1. Different work patterns
- 2. occupational segregation
- 3. occupation-wide pay discrimination
- 4. promotion gap
Most underpaid jobs
Jobs requiring nurturing skills
principle that women and men who perform jobs that are of equal value to society and that require equal training ought to be paid equally
Three studies that illustrate men using violence to defend masculine identity
- Luckenbill's study of homicide to save face
- katz's study of stick-up artists
- Ahten's Study of violent criminals
an acquaintance rape that "occurs at an off-campus house or on- or off-campus fraternity and involves... plying a woman with alcohol or targeting an intoxicated woman"