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________ is a state of arousal involving facial and bodily changes, brain activation, cognitive appraisals, subjective feelings, and tendencies toward action, all shaped by cultural rules.
A) An attribution
B) Body language
C) Galvanic skin response
Emotions considered to be universal and biologically based are called ________.
Fear and anger, sadness and joy are generally considered to be ________ emotions.
Emotions that develop with cognitive maturity are called: _______
Ekman and his associates developed a special coding system to analyze and identify each of the nearly ________ muscles of the face, as well as the combinations of muscles associated with various emotions.
Analysis of facial muscles during emotional displays has revealed that:_______
A) most individuals are able to mimic grief accurately, getting the facial muscles just right.
B) false expressions use the same groups of muscles as are used in authentic expressions.
C) false smiles tend to last ten seconds or more, but authentic smiles last only about two seconds.
D) physiological responses ensure that facial expressions convey the emotion being felt.
According to Ekman's research on facial expressions: 7) _______
A) authentic smiles last 10 seconds or more whereas false smiles last only about two seconds.
B) there is little support for Darwin's evolutionary explanation that certain human facial expressions are "wired in."
C) when trying to feign sadness, only about 60 percent of people manage to get the eyebrows, eyelids, and forehead wrinkle exactly right.
D) when people try to hide their feelings with an inauthentic expression, they use different groups of muscles than they do for authentic emotions.
Facial feedback is defined as: _______
A) an irrational aspect of our mammalian heritage that no longer has an adaptive function in human behavior.
B) a set of social and cultural rules that regulate when, how, and where a person may express (or must suppress) emotions.
C) the process by which the facial muscles send messages to the brain about the basic emotion being expressed.
D) a state of arousal involving facial and bodily changes, brain activation, cognitive appraisals, subjective feelings, and tendencies toward action, all shaped by cultural rules
When Noah complies with instructions to smile and look happy, it is most likely that:_______
A) he will begin to feel angry.
B) he will begin to feel annoyed.
C) his reaction will depend on his age. D) his positive feelings will increase
When facial expressions of emotion generate emotions in others, it is called:______
A) mood contagion.
B) facial feedback.
C) secondary emotions.
D) prototypes of emotions.
The ________ quickly assesses danger or threat. ______
A) sympathetic nervous system
B) prefrontal cortex
C) right hemisphere
The ________ is involved in impulses to approach or withdraw from a person or situation.
A) right hemisphere
C) sympathetic nervous system
D) prefrontal cortex
Parts of the ________ are involved in the regulation of emotion, that is, the ability to control our emotions.
A) right hemisphere
B) sympathetic nervous system.
C) prefrontal cortex
The ________ is important for recognizing emotional expressions and processing emotional tone.
A) right hemisphere
B) sympathetic nervous system
D) prefrontal cortex
Julian is watching an old Laurel and Hardy film, which makes him laugh and want to watch more of them. What brain structure is probably involved in his reaction?
A) The left prefrontal cortex
B) Olfactory bulb
C) The right prefrontal cortex
The ________ produce(s) epinephrine and norepinephrine.
A) left prefrontal cortex
C) right prefrontal cortex
D) adrenal glands
The polygraph is based on the assumption that a person who is guilty and fearful will have: ____
A) increased activity in the hippocampus.
B) decreased flow of epinephrine.
C) increased activity in the autonomic nervous system.
D) decreased flow of norepinephrine.
The influence of thought on emotion was studied by assessing athletes' reactions to being among the medal-winners in the 1992 Olympics. The results showed that: ______
A) second-place winners were happier than third-place winners.
B) the happiness of female athletes followed the ranking in the event, so third place meant third in happiness.
C) there were no significant differences in happiness between third-place and second-place winners.
D) third-place winners were happier than second-place winners.
Display rules involve: 19) ______
A) displaying an emotion that is not actually felt, often because of a role requirement.
B) social/cultural guidelines that regulate when, how, and where a person may express emotion.
C) universal, biologically-based emotional displays evoked by particular emotional situations.
D) emotions that are displayed, as a rule, only by certain cultures.
Which of the following outcomes would be most likely after a German-American business session?
A) The Germans will complain that the Americans hide their real feelings behind a smile.
B) The Americans will complain that the Germans are excessively cheerful.
C) The Germans will complain that the Americans are too cold and aloof.
D) The Americans will complain that the Germans smile too much when hiding embarrassment
Which of the following outcomes would be most likely after a Japanese-American business session?
A) The Japanese will complain that the Americans are too cheerful.
B) The Americans will complain that the Japanese are too aloof and cold.
C) The Americans will complain that the Japanese smile too much to disguise embarrassment.
D) The Japanese will complain that the Americans hide their real feelings behind a smile.
Expression of an emotion that the person does not really feel is called: ______
A) facial feedback.
B) body language.
C) emotion work.
D) secondary emotion.
Which occupation would be more likely to require emotion work as a job requirement? ______
B) Customer service representative
D) Computer analyst
Which of the following statements does NOT offer good advice on constructively managing anger?______
A) Don't take it personally.
B) Don't sound off in the heat of anger.
C) Think carefully about how to express anger so that you will get the results you want.
D) Always express your anger in some way to avoid increasing tension that may have negative effects on your health.