583 Neck and Trunk

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alannaheeres
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188033
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583 Neck and Trunk
Updated:
2012-12-08 18:31:04
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583 Neck Trunk
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583 Neck and Trunk
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  1. What does a vertebrae consist of?
    • —Vertebral body
    • —Vertebral (neural) arch
    • Seven processes
  2. Vertebrae:
    What provides strength and support?
    Vertebral body
  3. Vertebrae: What protects the spinal canal?
    Vertebral (neural) arch
  4. Vertebrae: What provides attachment and movement?
    The 7 spinous processes
  5. Vertebrae:
    Which spinous processes allow attachment and movement?
    The 2 transverse processes
  6. Vertebrae: Which spinous processes restrict movement?
    The 4 articular processes
  7. What is the disc comprised of?
    • An anulus fibrosus
    • Nucleus pulposus
  8. What is the function of the disc?
    • Attachment between vertebral bodies
    • Acts as a shock absorber
  9. What is the function of the vertebral column? (4 things)
    • 1. Protect
    • 2. Support
    • 3. Provides an axis
    • 4. Posture and locomotion
  10. What is the function of ligaments?
    Joint stability and prevention of injury
  11. How many pairs of spinal nerves do you have?
    31 pairs
  12. Which roots?
    Afferent (sensory fibers)
    Dorsal roots
  13. Which roots?
    Efferent (motor) fibers
    Ventral roots
  14. Congenital Deformities:
    Abnormal increase in the thoracic curvature
    Kyphosis
  15. Congenital Deformities:
    Anterior rotation of the pelvis
    Lordosis
  16. Congenital Deformities:
    Abnormal lateral curvature acompanied by rotation of the vertebrae
    Scoliosis
  17. Common conditions of discs? (2)
    • Degenerative Disc Disease (closer settling discs)
    • Bulging or Herniated Disc
  18. What can occur as a result of:
    —Sudden, forceful flexion or extension of the vertebral column
    Fracture or dislocation of the vertebrae
  19. Which cervical discs are most commonly ruptured?
    C5/C6 and C6/C7
  20. Which non-cervical discs are most commonly ruptured?
    T11 or T12
  21. A specific defect in the connection between vertebrae
    Spondylolysis
  22. A condition in which a in the spine slips out of the proper position onto the bone below it
    —Spondylolisthesis
  23. Narrowing of the spinal canal
    Spinal Stenosis
  24. Most common disability for those under age 45
    Large majority of people can return to normal functioning after 4-6 weeks
    Back pain
  25. What % of people develop chronic back pain?
    7-10%
  26. Conditions that may result from a back injury (3)
    • —Foot drop- can be caused by disease (multiple sclerosis) and/or injury (herniated disc)
    • —Sciatica- can result from structural issues in the cervical, thoracic and lumbar regions.
    • ——Cauda Equina Syndrome -a result of direct irritation or pinching of the nerves at the end of the spinal cord
  27. What tests may be done for back pain? (6)
    • 1. X-rays
    • 2. Bone scans
    • 3. CT Scan
    • 4. MRI
    • 5. Nerve conduction Studies
    • 6. Electromyography (EMG)
  28. List 5 conservative treatments for back pain.
    • —1. Modalities- heat, ice, ultrasound, TENS machine
    • 2. —Proper posture and lifting techniques
    • 3. —Stretching
    • 4. —Strengthening
    • 5. —Low Impact Aerobic Conditioning 

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