Science: Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Part 1

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LaurenCamp29
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188053
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Science: Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Part 1
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2012-12-16 16:30:14
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photosynthesis chapter science bio taylor soph part
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  1. The ability to do work
    Energy
  2. Compare ADP and ATP to that of a battery that is partially/fully charged
    They can both store energy, but ATP can power the cell where ADP can only store the energy.
  3. A consumer. Someone who eats plants or other animals.
    Heterotroph
  4. A producer. Someone who produces their own food.
    Autotroph
  5. "Self feeders"
    Organisms that make all their own organic matter from inorganic nutrients
    Autotrophs
  6. "Other-feeders"
    Organisms that cannot make organic molecules from inorganic ones
    Heterotrophs
  7. Example of a Heterotroph
    Humans/Animals
  8. Example of an Autotroph
    Plants
  9. Where does Photosynthesis occur?'
    (2)
    • In the leaves of terrestrial and aquatic plants.
    • In the chloroplast of plant cells
  10. Taking in water and sunlight and making energy and oxygen?
    Light reaction
  11. Taking in carbon dioxide and water and making glucose
    Photosynthesis
  12. Taking in carbon dioxide and energy and making glucose and water
    Dark Reaction
  13. Taking in food and turning it into energy
    Cellular Respiration
  14. What is ATP?
    Adenosine triphosphate
  15. Explain photosynthesis:
    Light energy from the sun powers a chemical process that makes organic molecules
  16. Clusters of pigment molecules that capture the energy of sunlight
    Photosystem
  17. Absorbs the light best at a wavelength of 700 nm.
    Photosystem 1
  18. Absorbs light best a at wavelength of 680 nm
    Photosystem 2
  19. What is the number of Photosystem 1?
    P700
  20. What is the number for Photosystem 2?
    P680
  21. 2 types of Chlorophyll
    • A and B
    • Photosystem 1 and Photosystem 2
  22. What colors does Photostem 1 absorb best?
    Red
  23. What colors does photosystem 2 absorb best?
    Red and orange
  24. What is the SYMBOL reaction of photosynthesis?
    6CO2+6H2O -> light C6H12O6+6O2
  25. What is the WORD reaction of photosynthesis?
    Carbon dioxide + water + light = sugars + oxygen
  26. What 3 factors affect the process of photosynthesis?
    • Amount of sunlight (canopy)
    • Amount of CO2
    • Amount of water
  27. How does a canopy affect Photosynthesis?
    A canopy is a tree covering that covers a plant and doesn't allow sunlight to come through equally.
  28. Explain the electron transport chain?
    High energy electrons from the sun (H+) jump along the chain of proteins (electron carriers) in the thylakoid membrane until they reach the end
  29. What decides whether or not if something is organic?
    It has to be made of carbon
  30. A stack of disks?
    Granum
  31. One disk?
    Thylakoid
  32. Many stacks of disks?
    Grana
  33. What is the fluid in the chloroplast?
    Stroma
  34. What is the branch looking thing that connects the Granas?
    Lamellae
  35. What are the 2 parts of photosynthesis?
    • Light reaction
    • Dark reaction
  36. What is another name for Dark Reaction?
    Calvin Cycle

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