Surgery mid-term

Card Set Information

Surgery mid-term
2012-12-16 00:55:05
surgery mid term flashcards

surgery mid-term flash cards
Show Answers:

  1. list six ways in which to monitor an animal under anthesia?
    • temperature
    • b.p
    • rpm
    • crt
    • muccus membrane coulour and texture
    • palprebral reflex
  2. when admitting an animal for sx what four things will you check?
    • urinated/ deficated
    • surgical release form
    • contact information
    • weight
  3. what is the primary reaon for using an i.v catheter?
    to have immediate patent vein acess
  4. what is the unit of measure for an endotracheal tube?
  5. what are the pre-anesthetic instructions for an animal having surgery the next day?
    • no food/water past 8pm night before
    • no water after midnight
    • drop of time
    • urinate and deficate before
  6. what complications could arise id an animal hasnt been fasted for sx?
    regurgitation anf choking during surgery and obstruction of the endotracheal tube
  7. what is the most common iv fluid used?
    lactaited ringers solution
  8. list four reasons why an animal is given pre med before sx?
    • sedation
    • decreases strerss
    • smoother induction
    • smoother recovery/pain killer
  9. what routes of admin are used for pre meds?
    • most common- sub q
    • also used-i.m
  10. why is it inportant to use an endotracheal tube?
    to allow accurate delivery of oxygen and anesthia
  11. what type of drug is used to induce an animl into unconiousness?
    induction drug
  12. name three methods of providing  a gaseous anesthetic to patient?
    • mask them
    • gas chamber
  13. what is used to transport a gaseous anesthetic?
  14. name two gaseous anesthetics used in most clinics
    • isoflurane
    • halothane
  15. define the term anesthesia?
    controlled and reversable unconciouness
  16. why do we use a endotracheal tube with a cuff?
    to prevent aspiration of the stomach contents and stop anesthetic gas from leaking into the atmosphere
  17. what is the unit of measure on iv catheters?
  18. give one reason for using E-collars
    stops the animal from causing further self trauma to the site
  19. what does TPR stand for?
    temperature,pulse, resporation
  20. list four elective surgeries?
    • OVH
    • Castration
    • Dental Prophy
    • Declawing, dewclaws
  21. autoclaving is based on what three principles/
    • time-Depends on amount of items
    • temperature- 121c
    • pressure-15psi
  22. list basic home care for a dog that has stayed overnight in the clinic after a foreign body removal.
    • can be fed small portions of food if it can be kept down
    • pain patch
    • antibiotics
    • exercise restrictions
    • check incision
    • BID for redness, swelling and weeping
    • keep dry
    • E-collar
  23. list the full home care instructions for a cat that has had an abscess sx with drain that goes home the same day
    • hot pack 3-4 times daily
    • d/r 3-4 days
    • check incision site BID
    • must stay inside til S/R and all antibiotics are finished
    • S/R 10-14 days
    • keep dry
    • give water and 1/2 food ration
    • E-collar
  24. what is the average time for suture removal?
    10-14 days
  25. at what age are dogs and cats usually spayed or neutered?
    5.5-6 months
  26. what is another term for a an unspayed cat or dog?
  27. what is the full definition of sterilization as occured?
    complete distruction of micro-organisms
  28. name the 3 steps for prepping an area for surgery
    • 1-surgical scrub. min of 3 times start at cleanest and work out
    • 2-alcohol swab, dont scrub-moving in one motion 
    • 3-surgical solution-dont scrub-final solution same direction as alcohol swab
  29. what is the landmark for a midline laparotomy?
    linea alba
  30. what are the two layers you cut through during a laparotomy?
    • linea alba
    • subcutaneous layers
  31. name 3 tests included in a wellness profile 
    • cbc
    • BUN
    • glucose
    • urinalysis
  32. name the 4 stages of surgery 
    1-pre-med- sedation-subq/i.m

    2-induction-injectable anesthetic given i.v (eliminates swallowing reflex, insert endotracheal tube)

    3-maintanace anesthetic-gas form-mixture of anestetic and oxygen called fresh gas

    4-recovery-begins once anesthetic is off monitor closely 
  33. name 3 common anesthetic gasses
    halothane, sevoflurane, isoflurane
  34. what should you be monitoring throughout the surgery?
    • temp
    • bp
    • rpm
    • crt
    • oxygen saturation of the blood
    • stethascope
    • mm colour
    • palpebral reflex
    • Tpr
  35. t.p.r?
    temperature pulse resporation
  36. how often should you be checking tpr?
    every 5 mins
  37. what are 4 main things that should be in the surgery packs?
    • instruments
    • skin drapes
    • lap drapes
    • gauze squares
  38. sterilization
    complete distruction of all micro-organisms
  39. disinfection
    elimination of microorganisms on inanimate objects 
  40. asepsis
    reduction of microorganisms on living tissue
  41. antiseptic
    reduction of microorganisms on inanimate objects
  42. name the three principles involved in comeplete sterilization in an autoclave 
    • time
    • temperature
    • pressure
  43. which items can be autoclaved?
    • cloth
    • metal
    • liquid
    • autoclavable plastics
    • steamclox, autoclave tape
  44. what is gas sterilization used for?
    un autoclavable items such as plastic rubber electricals

    uses ethylene oxide
  45. what is cold sterilization?
    • used for quick surgical and dental procedures and the instruments are only used outside of the body 
    • can also be used to disinfect needles suture material thermometers and ear speculums
  46. name 4 facts about cold sterilization
    • inactivated by pus or blood
    • contains anti rust agent
    • must be changed weekly
  47. name some common cleaning products used in many stages of a surgical procedure
    • germiphene (clear-yellowish)
    • clinicide (pink)
    • virkon (pink and then clear when inactivated)
    • germisyl (yellow)
    • parvosol (pink)
    • peroxigard (clear)
    • alcohol (clear)
    • hydrogen peroxide (3%solution) (clear)
    • bleach (clear)
    • chlorhexadine scrubs (pink or blue dependent on brand )
    • germistat prep gel (neon pink)
    • betadine scrub (orange)
    • betadine solution (orange)