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list six ways in which to monitor an animal under anthesia?
- muccus membrane coulour and texture
- palprebral reflex
when admitting an animal for sx what four things will you check?
- urinated/ deficated
- surgical release form
- contact information
what is the primary reaon for using an i.v catheter?
to have immediate patent vein acess
what is the unit of measure for an endotracheal tube?
what are the pre-anesthetic instructions for an animal having surgery the next day?
- no food/water past 8pm night before
- no water after midnight
- drop of time
- urinate and deficate before
what complications could arise id an animal hasnt been fasted for sx?
regurgitation anf choking during surgery and obstruction of the endotracheal tube
what is the most common iv fluid used?
lactaited ringers solution
list four reasons why an animal is given pre med before sx?
- decreases strerss
- smoother induction
- smoother recovery/pain killer
what routes of admin are used for pre meds?
- most common- sub q
- also used-i.m
why is it inportant to use an endotracheal tube?
to allow accurate delivery of oxygen and anesthia
what type of drug is used to induce an animl into unconiousness?
name three methods of providing a gaseous anesthetic to patient?
- mask them
- gas chamber
what is used to transport a gaseous anesthetic?
name two gaseous anesthetics used in most clinics
define the term anesthesia?
controlled and reversable unconciouness
why do we use a endotracheal tube with a cuff?
to prevent aspiration of the stomach contents and stop anesthetic gas from leaking into the atmosphere
what is the unit of measure on iv catheters?
give one reason for using E-collars
stops the animal from causing further self trauma to the site
what does TPR stand for?
list four elective surgeries?
- Dental Prophy
- Declawing, dewclaws
autoclaving is based on what three principles/
- time-Depends on amount of items
- temperature- 121c
list basic home care for a dog that has stayed overnight in the clinic after a foreign body removal.
- can be fed small portions of food if it can be kept down
- pain patch
- exercise restrictions
- check incision
- BID for redness, swelling and weeping
- keep dry
list the full home care instructions for a cat that has had an abscess sx with drain that goes home the same day
- hot pack 3-4 times daily
- d/r 3-4 days
- check incision site BID
- must stay inside til S/R and all antibiotics are finished
- S/R 10-14 days
- keep dry
- give water and 1/2 food ration
what is the average time for suture removal?
at what age are dogs and cats usually spayed or neutered?
what is another term for a an unspayed cat or dog?
what is the full definition of sterilization as occured?
complete distruction of micro-organisms
name the 3 steps for prepping an area for surgery
- 1-surgical scrub. min of 3 times start at cleanest and work out
- 2-alcohol swab, dont scrub-moving in one motion
- 3-surgical solution-dont scrub-final solution same direction as alcohol swab
what is the landmark for a midline laparotomy?
what are the two layers you cut through during a laparotomy?
- linea alba
- subcutaneous layers
name 3 tests included in a wellness profile
name the 4 stages of surgery
2-induction-injectable anesthetic given i.v (eliminates swallowing reflex, insert endotracheal tube)
3-maintanace anesthetic-gas form-mixture of anestetic and oxygen called fresh gas
4-recovery-begins once anesthetic is off monitor closely
name 3 common anesthetic gasses
halothane, sevoflurane, isoflurane
what should you be monitoring throughout the surgery?
- oxygen saturation of the blood
- mm colour
- palpebral reflex
temperature pulse resporation
how often should you be checking tpr?
every 5 mins
what are 4 main things that should be in the surgery packs?
- skin drapes
- lap drapes
- gauze squares
complete distruction of all micro-organisms
elimination of microorganisms on inanimate objects
reduction of microorganisms on living tissue
reduction of microorganisms on inanimate objects
name the three principles involved in comeplete sterilization in an autoclave
which items can be autoclaved?
- autoclavable plastics
- steamclox, autoclave tape
what is gas sterilization used for?
un autoclavable items such as plastic rubber electricals
uses ethylene oxide
what is cold sterilization?
- used for quick surgical and dental procedures and the instruments are only used outside of the body
- can also be used to disinfect needles suture material thermometers and ear speculums
name 4 facts about cold sterilization
- inactivated by pus or blood
- contains anti rust agent
- must be changed weekly
name some common cleaning products used in many stages of a surgical procedure
- germiphene (clear-yellowish)
- clinicide (pink)
- virkon (pink and then clear when inactivated)
- germisyl (yellow)
- parvosol (pink)
- peroxigard (clear)
- alcohol (clear)
- hydrogen peroxide (3%solution) (clear)
- bleach (clear)
- chlorhexadine scrubs (pink or blue dependent on brand )
- germistat prep gel (neon pink)
- betadine scrub (orange)
- betadine solution (orange)