Animal Science Final 3
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Animal Science Final 3
Animal Science Final Part 3
Cattle, Swine, Sheep, Goats and Horses are all sources of what type of meat product?
Pultry is considered what type of meat product?
The top world leader in red meat supply is?
The second world leader in red meat supply is?
The most produced red meat is?
The second most produced red meat product is?
Veal is from?
Calves less than three months of age
Pork comes from?
Chevon/Cabrito comes from what animal?
Name the top three states for cattle slaughter:
What are the three leading red meat packing plants?
2. Cargill Meat Solutions
What are the top four states for Hog Slaughter:
2. North Carolina
What are the top three states for sheep slaughter?
True or False: Animals are transported to the packing plant alive and mobile?
Carbon dioxide gas, captive bolt guns, and elecctricity are all ways to do what?
Make an animal unconcious
What arteries are severed to drain blood from the animal?
The hide is left on for what animal during slaughter?
The visceral head and other by products are called?
Getting the blood drained quickly during slaughter helps build up what to give the meat a bright red color?
Fill,fatness,weight of hide, weight of wool, and muscle all affect what?
The highest dressing percentage found is in what?
The average dressing percentage of hogs?
The average dressing percentage of cattle?
The average dressing percentage of sheep is?
The average dresing percentage of gaots is?
The sheep beats goats for dressing percentage because?
Goats have more fill, and the sub-q fat of goats sticks to their hide
How do we determine dressing percentage?
Carcass weight/ Live weight x 100
The three cuts we can breakdown a carcass into are:
Primal Cuts, Wholesale Cuts, and Retail Cuts
The primal Cuts for beef are:
Round, Loin, Rib and Chuck
The primal cuts for lamb is:
Shoulder, Breast, Rib, Loin, Leg
The prima cuts for pigs are:
Boston, Butt, Stomach, Shoulder and Loin
True or False: In pork and beef carcasses are split, washed and then chilled folowing offal removal.
Boxed beef, boxed pork, and boxed lamb are shipped from the packing plant as what type of cut?
Manyprocessing plants process carcasses into what meat cuts?
Wholesale and Retail Cuts
The what of lean meat determines nutritional value?
True or False: While animals age water and proein percentages increase while fat percentage decreases
False: As animals age fat percentages increase while water and protein percentages decrease
What is a disease that comes from anaerobic bacteria?
Name the four types of fat.
Intermuscular, Intramuscular, Subcutaneous, and Internal Fat
Tendons that attatch muscle to the bone are considered?
Terminal are determined on a?
Carcass merit basis
Terminal markets are the first/last stop before going to die?
When high levels of progesterone are seen this means what is present?
A corpus leuteum
What is the pregnancy hormone?
When progesterone falls you have a rise in what?
Estrogen and LH
Standing Heat or the period of sexual receptivity
21 day reproductive cycle
The hormone ,GnRH or gonadotropin-releasing hormone, controls what?
Released in pressence of estrogen and stimulates the release of FSH and LH
FSH, or follicle stimulating hormone, controls what?
Follicle development and formation
LH or leutenizing hormone, controls what?
Ovulation and CL formation
An LH surge initiates what?
The CL produces what hormone?
PGF2a, goes in and drops_______ destroying the________?
Ludalace is used as a ________ drug and works the same as _______?
Cidr stands for?
controlled intravaginal device release
The time between fertilization and partuition is called?
Every _____hours a division of the fertilized egg occurs.
After 45 days in cattle body parts and organs form and the embryo is now called?
The outer shell of an embryo is called?
Oxytocin causes what?
Contractions and milk let down
The gestation length of cattle is?
The gestation length of pigs is?
The gestation length of sheep and goats is?
What hormone released by the fetus innitiates partuition?
Calf pullers, Cesarean section, and wire saw foetotomy are used when?
The calf is stuck or in improper placement
Cesarean section is used to save calf/cow?
Wire saw foetotomy is used to save calf/cow?