Anatomy II Test 2

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studytaz
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188136
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Anatomy II Test 2
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2012-12-09 21:15:58
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Cardiology
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Anatomy II Test 2 Cardiology
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  1. is the study of the heart.
    Cardiology
  2. Layers of the heart:
    Outer layer is
    the Epicardium (or Visceral Pericardium)(this layer is serous epithelium)
  3. Layers of the heart:
    the middle layer is
    the Myocardium (the muscle layer)
  4. Layers of the heart:
    the innermost layer (next to the lumen) is
    the Endocardium (this is endothelium a type of epithelial tissue).
  5. Upper (Superior) chambers are called
    atria (atrium or auricle).
  6. Lower (Inferior) chambers are called
    ventricles
  7. The wall between the atria is called
    the atrial septum.
  8. The wall between the ventricles is called
    the ventricular septum.
  9. The wall between the right atrium and the right ventricle is called
    the right atrio-ventricular septum.
  10. The valve (opening) in the wall between the right atrium and the right ventricle is called
    the right atrio-ventricular valve or the tricuspid valve.
  11. The wall between the left atrium and the left ventricle is called
    the left atrio-ventricular septum
  12. The valve (opening) in the wall between the left atrium and the left ventricle is called
    the left atrio-ventricular valve or bicuspid valve or mitral valve
  13. The vessels associated with the atria are
    ALL veins (blood returning to the heart)
  14. The vessels associated with the right atrium of the heart are
    • the superior vena cava (SVC) (blood returning from the head, upper extremities, and the chest),
    • the inferior vena cava (IVC) (blood returning from the abdomen and the lower extremities),
    • and the coronary sinus (blood returning from the heart muscle).
  15. The vessels associated with the left atrium of the heart are
    the four pulmonary veins (blood returning from the lungs where it was oxygenated).  Two veins from each lung.  They have the highest concentration of oxygen.
  16. The vessels associated with the ventricles are
    ALL arteries blood leaving the heart).
  17. The vessel associated with the right ventricle of the heart is
    the pulmonary trunk or common pulmonary artery (blood leaving the heart going towards the lungs for oxygenation).  The pulmonary trunk bifurcates (splits into two arteries) into the right and left pulmonary arteries.
  18. The vessel associated with the left ventricle of the heart is
    the aorta or the ascending aorta (blood leaving the heart going to all parts of the body carrying oxygenated blood).
  19. The aorta is made up of several parts
    • ascending aorta,
    • arch of the aorta,
    • descending thoracic aorta,
    • and abdominal aorta.
  20. The aorta eventually ends by bifurcating (splitting into two) into
    the right and left common iliac arteries in the lower abdominal cavity.
  21. The right atrium is considered to be
    the end of systemic circulation.
  22. The right ventricle is considered to be
    the beginning of pulmonary circulation.
  23. The left atrium is considered to be
    the end of pulmonary circulation.
  24. The left ventricle is considered to be
    the beginning of systemic circulation.
  25. The atrio-ventricular valves of the heart are made up of three different structures:
    the cusps, the chordae tendineae, and the papillary muscles.
  26. The cusps resemble
    the dome of a parachute
  27. the chordae tendineae are
    the tendinous (tendons) cords that connect to the papillary muscles
  28. 1. The system of the body which deals with the blood, heart, arteries, veins, and lymphatics is called
    circulatory
  29. 2. The muscle layer of the heart is called
    Myocardium
  30. 3. Chamber of the heart where systemic circulation ends.
    Rt Atrium
  31. 4. Chamber of the heart where pulmonary circulation begins,
    Rt Ventricle
  32. 5. Another name for the right atrio-ventricular valve.
    Tricuspid
  33. 6. Another name for the left atrio-ventricular valve.
    mitral
  34. 7. The "pacemaker" of the heart is also called
    SA Node
  35. 8. "Wall" dividing the thoracic from the abdominal cavities.
    Diaphragm
  36. 9. The portion of the blood that is about 95% water.
    Plasma
  37. 10. Blood cells make up approximately _% of the blood volume.
    45
  38. 11. The blood cells responsible for clotting are called
    Thrombocytes

    or

    Platelettes
  39. 12. The union of the distal ends of two arteries is called
    Anastomosis
  40. 13. Blood vessels that carry the blood in the general direction towards the heart
    veins
  41. 14. The blood cells responsible for fighting-off infections
    Leukocytes
  42. 15. The blood cells which contain hemoglobin.
    Erythrocytes
  43. 16. Vessel entering the heart that drains the abdomen and the lower extremities.
    Inferior Vena Cava
  44. 17. The first section of the aorta is called
    Ascending aorta
  45. 18. The number of vessels associated with the right atrium of the heart.
    3
  46. 19. The 2nd section of the aorta is called
    arch of the aorta
  47. 20. The term which means, the study of blood.
    hematology
  48. 21. The contraction phase of the cardiac cycle.
    Systole
  49. 22. The outer layer of an artery or vein is called the tunica
    externa
  50. 23. The 3rd section of the aorta is called
    descending thoracic aorta
  51. 24. The normal pH of blood is (a number).
    7.3-7.4
  52. 25. The minute tendinous chords connecting the atrio-ventricular valves of the heart to the papillary muscles.
    chordae tendineae
  53. 26. The action of blood cells escaping the vascular system by passing through the walls of the capillaries is called:
    diapedesis
  54. 27. The final section of the aorta is called
    descending Aorta
  55. 28. The name of the individual credited with the discovery of the circulation of blood.
    William Harvey
  56. 29. The position with the body standing erect, facing the observer, and the hands at the side with the palms facing the observer is said to be the _.
    anatomical position
  57. 30. The middle layer of the wall of the heart is called__
    myocardium
  58. 31. The process by which a blood cell surrounds, engulfs and destroys foreign substances:
    phagocytosis
  59. 32. Chamber of the heart where pulmonary circulation ends.
    Lt atrium
  60. 33. Blood type ___ is said to be the universal donor.
    O
  61. 34. The term visceral refers to
    organs in a cavity
  62. 35. The aorta begins at this chamber of the heart.
    Lt Ventricle
  63. 36. The aorta terminates by bifurcating into the
    right and left common iliac arteries
  64. 37. Arteries have three layers in their walls while arterioles have _.
    2
  65. 38. The region immediately inferior to the hypochondriac region of the abdomen
    lumbar
  66. 39. Chamber of the heart where systemic circulation begins.
    Lt Ventricle
  67. 40. The innermost layer of an artery or vein is made up of this type of basic (elemental) body tissue.
    epithelial
  68. 41. The SA-Node is located in this chamber of the heart.
    Rt Atrium
  69. 42. The Tricuspid valve is located between these two chambers of the heart.
    Rt Atrium & Rt Ventricle
  70. 43. The Bicuspid valve is located between these two chambers of the heart.
    lt Atrium & Lt Ventricle
  71. 44. The Mitral valve is located between these two chambers of the heart.
    lt Atrium & Lt Ventricle
  72. 45. The most superior chamber of the heart containing oxygenated blood
    Lt atrium
  73. 46. The Tricuspid valve is located between these two chambers of the heart.
    Rt Atrium & Rt Ventricle
  74. 47. The most inferior chamber of the heart containing de-oxygenated blood.
    Rt Ventricle
  75. 48. The Pacemaker is located in this chamber of the heart.
    Rt Atrium
  76. 49. The AV-Node is located in this chamber of the heart.
    Rt Atrium
  77. 50. Vessel entering the heart that drains the head, neck, and the upper extremities
    Super Vena Cava
  78. 51. Vessel entering the heart that drains the heart muscle.
    Coronary Sinus
  79. 52. Vessels entering the heart that return blood to the heart from the lungs.
    Pulmonary Veins
  80. 53. Vessel leaving the heart that carries blood towards all Parts of the body
    Ascending Aorta
  81. 54. Vessel leaving the heart that carries blood towards the lungs.
    Pulmonary artery
  82. 55. The process by which leukocytes surround, ingest, and destroy foreign substances in the blood stream.
    Phagocytosis
  83. 56. The papillary muscles are always found in these chambers of the heart.
    Ventricles
  84. 57. The chordae tendinae are always found in these chambers of the heart.
    Ventricles
  85. 58. Another name for the Pacemaker of the heart is _____.
    SA Node
  86. The valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle
    mitral
  87. The heart is classified as a
    muscle
  88. Blood vessel which carries blood to the heart
    vein
  89. The heart is a little larger than your
    fist
  90. _____ regulate the flow of blood through the heart
    valves
  91. One function of the heart is to ______ blood to the lungs.
    pump
  92. The tough, muscular wall of the heart
    myocardium
  93. Upper chamber of the heart
    atrium
  94. From the right side of the heart blood goes to the _________
    lung
  95. Lining of the heart
    endocardium
  96. Waste gas: carbon
    dioxide
  97. Warning of a heart attack: pain may radiate down the __________
    arm
  98. Blood vessel which carries blood from the heart
    artery
  99. The valve between the left ventricle and the aorta
    aortic
  100. The valve between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery
    pulmonary
  101. The heart pumps blood to each body ______
    tissue
  102. Lower chamber of the heart
    ventricle
  103. Fiber-like bag surrounding the heart
    pericardium
  104. Wall which divides heart cavity down the middle
    septum
  105. The valve between the right atrium and the right ventricle
    tricuspid
  106. The artery/vein connecting lungs and heart
    pulmonary
  107. ______ is pumped through the body to nourish all of the tissues
    blood
  108. Great trunk artery which receives blood from the left ventricle
    aorta

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