Advanced Chairside

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Advanced Chairside
2012-12-09 17:43:33

Advanced Chairside Final
Show Answers:

  1. A material placed in a thin layer on the walls and floor of the cavity prep is?
    Low-strength base or liner
  2. A material placed in a thick layer between the tooth and the restoration that supports the restorative material from occlusal stresses is?
    High-strength base
  3. A material that is placed in a thin layer to seal the wall and floor of the cavity prep is?
  4. Which cement has a soothing, palliative effect on the tooth?
    Zinc oxide eugenol
  5. When dispensing the liquid for a cement, hold the bottle or dispenser ____ to the mixing pad or glass slab?
  6. To test for the proper luting consistency, the cement will follow the spatula how far before breaking and flowing back into the mass?
    1/2 inch-1 inch
  7. An intermediate restorative material (IRM) will last up to ____ months in the patients mouth.
  8. Which material will promote secondary dentin to form?
    Calcium hydroxide
  9. Which material is never used under a composite or an acrylic restoration?
  10. Enamel is acid etched with which type of acid?
  11. The layer of debris formed after dentin is cut with a bur is known as the?
    Smear layer
  12. Placing restorations is also known as _____ dentistry?
    Operative and Restorative
  13. In preparing the tooth to recieve a rstoration, the ___ is the side of the prep?
  14. The wall that overlies the pulp is the?
  15. Two surfaces meet and form a?
    Line angle
  16. Three surface meet and form a?
    Point angle
  17. The ___ designates the overall shape of the cavity preparation?
    Outline form
  18. The spraying and rinsing of the cavity prep is the?
  19. Place the steps of a composite procedure in order?
    • 2. Select shade
    • 1. Cavity prep
    • 3. Place etching agent
    • 4. Place bonding agent
    • 6. Place composite material
    • 5. Finishing/ Polishing
  20. An ___ instrument is used to place a cavity liner?
    Small, ball-shaped and explorer
  21. The liner is light cured, the time to cure the material is for ___ seconds.
    10 to 20
  22. ___ is used under an amalgam restoration to prevent microleakage?
    Cavity Varnish
  23. ____ varnish contains organic solvents and is used only under metal restorations?
  24. ___ materials are used to improve the retention between the tooth structure and the restoration?
    Bonding agent, adhesive, and bonding resins
  25. Etchants are used before the placement of?
    Bonding agents, restorative materials and dental cements
  26. The ___ level of the cavity preparations does not involve the pulp but is through the enamel and just in the dentin?
  27. The ___ exposure involves a large amount of enamel and dentin to be removed, but the pulp is not exposed although a slight pink may be seen?
  28. Which of the following are often referred to as high strength bases?
    Glass ionomer, Zinc phosphate and polycarboxalate
  29. The cavity preparation that involves a large amount of enamel and dentin being removed and the floor of the preparation being slightly pink is?
    near exposure
  30. ___ are placed on the dentin, protect the pulp from chemical irritations, and provide a therapeutic effect?
    Low-strengths bases and Liners
  31. What seals the dentin tubules?
  32. Two coats are needed for which material?
  33. Which material is mixed to a thick putty consistency and placed in the cavity preparation?
    High-strength bases and cement bases
  34. Resin-reinforced glass ionomer
    core buildup material
  35. An insulating base
    Zinc phosphate
  36. Root canal sealer
    Zinc oxide eugenol (ZOE)
  37. Permanent bonding liner for composite
    Glass ionomer
  38. Ability of material to transmit heat?
    Thermal conductivity
  39. Ability of liquid to flow?
  40. Ability of material to flow over a surface?
  41. Temperature changes expand and contract?
    Thermal expansion
  42. Internal shape of cavity walls that retain the restoration?
    Retention form
  43. Designates the overall shape and is determined by the extent of decay?
    Outline form
  44. Usually beyond the outline form, it is alteration to the cavity preparation for access?
    Convenience form
  45. Internal shape of the cavity that protects the tooth from the stresses of mastication?
    Resistance form
  46. ___ bleaching is an alternative technique for which the dental office provides the start-up?
  47. Which of the following will assist the outcome possibilities of the bleaching procedure?
    Dedication to following procedures, Limit foods that stain teeth and Limit habits that stain teeth
  48. Tray home whitening systems can be sold OTC. Which of the following are disadvantages of trya systems sold OTC?
    Do not adapt to teeth properly and Not trimmed to prevent tissue sensitivity
  49. Whitening strips are an alternative OTC product for whitening. To achieve the desired results, the strips are to be worn for ___ minutes a day?
  50. The no-heat bleaching materials used for vital teeth are applied every ___ minutes?
  51. Bleaching materials that require the use of bleaching heat and/or light sources are used for approximately __ minutes?
  52. Through out bleaching ___ is placed in the crown opening of the tooth of a nonvital tooth?
  53. ___ bleaching in a nonvital tooth is a thick mixture of bleaching agent placed in the crown of the tooth, covered with temporary cement, and reappointed in 2 to 5 days?
  54. Bleaching agents for enamel are?
    Sodium perobrate, caramide peroxide and hydrogen peroxide
  55. "Walking bleach" is done on?
    Nonvital teeth
  56. "Power bleaching" is done on?
    The teeth in the dental office by the dentist
  57. Home bleaching usually involves?
    Waiting weeks for results to show
  58. Agents contributing to the whitening effect are hydrogen peroxide, calcium peroxide, and sodium percarbonate?
    Whitening toothpastes
  59. Can be either a 6 percent hydrogen peroxide to be worn for 14 days or a 10 percent solution worn over 7 days?
    Whitening strips
  60. Applied at home, painted on facial surface of the anterior teeth; some gels contain 18 percent carbamide peroxide and can be used daily?
    Whitening gel
  61. Polymerization is the same as?
  62. Adjusting the height of an aluminum temporary crwon is done by?
    Trimming the gingival margin
  63. The size of a performed crown is determined by the?
    Mesial and distal measurement
  64. Before cementing any temporary crown, a final check must be done for?
    Marginal fit, contour and occlusion
  65. The biggest advantage of light-cured temporary material is that it?
    Has an unlimited setting time
  66. Powder that mixes with liquid?
  67. When material changes from pliable to rigid?
  68. Liquid catalyst
  69. Preventitive procedures include?
    • 1. Pit and fissure sealant
    • 2. Flouride therapy
    • 4. Some orthodontic procedures
  70. Flouride and flouride varnishes are routinely applied ___ the coronal polish and pit and fissure sealants have been placed?
  71. Dental composite sealant materials come in the following colors EXCEPT?
  72. On average, sealants remain in place ____ years?
  73. The enamel surface is etched with?
    Phosphoric acid
  74. Sealants are?
    chemically, light and self cured
  75. Which of the following are contraindications for sealants?
    • 1. Teeth with shallow open grooves
    • 3. Teeth with well-coalesced pits and fissures
    • 4. Teeth that have been caries- free for 4 or more years
  76. Which of the following are indications for sealants?
    • 1. Recently erupted teeth
    • 2. Occlusal pits and fissures of non-carious primary teeth
  77. Place the steps of a sealant in order?
    • 1. Polish
    • 2. Isolation
    • 3. Etch
    • 4. Rinse
    • 5. Apply Sealants
  78. If the sealant is too high in occlusion, the patient will wear it down in a ?
    Couple of days
  79. Rubber dam hole punch placement for the child patient is __?
    The same as for an adult
  80. The holes punched forward are about __ mm apart?
  81. The __ clamp has extra projections for better retraction?
  82. The working end of the dental dam punch is the?
  83. The jaws of the dental dam clamp fit around the?
    Ginigval 1/3 of the tooth
  84. Vaseline is used to lubricate the?
    Underside of the dental dam material
  85. The edge of the dental dam material is inverted to?
    Keep moisture from leaking from the hole
  86. Usually the anchor tooth is the tooth?
    One or two distal to the tooth being treated
  87. Holes in the dental dam are punched about ___ mm apart?
  88. Place the steps of placing the dental dam in order?
    • 2. Inform the patient about the procedure
    • 1. Punch the holes in the dental dam
    • 4. Place the clamp on the anchor tooth
    • 3. Place the dental dam material
    • 5. Invert the dental dam material
  89. The 5x5 dental dam is used for which of the following procedures?
    Endodontics, Anterior on adults, Children
  90. The hole is punched facially to its normal position, a cervical clamp is often used?
    Class V restoration placement
  91. Either buccal or lingual of the normal curve, corresponding holes are punched to match?
    Malpositioned teeth
  92. Punches are made for the abutment teeth and no punches are made for the pontic?
    Bridgework placement
  93. Dam forceps attach to the clamp?
  94. Arched metal joining the two jaws of the clamp?
  95. Jaws actually contact the tooth?
    Forcep holes
  96. Part that expands to fit over the tooth?
  97. The plastic strip matrix is dispensed to approximately ___ inches long?
  98. Moving the ___ increases or decreasses the size of the loop to match the diameter of the tooth?
    Inner knob
  99. The bottom side of the tofflemire matrix retainer is directed to which of the following?
    Gingival tissue and Diagonal slot on the vise
  100. The excess material escaping between the tooth and the matrix band is called?
  101. Used only when the preparation involves a proximal surface?
  102. The __ is the part of the tofflemire retainer that is used to determine which side the matrix is set up for?
    Guide channels
  103. The __ is the part of the tofflemire retainer that is used to secure the band in the vice?
  104. Place in order the steps for placing and removing the tofflemire matrix and wedge?
    • 2. Place the matrix on the tooth
    • 3. Place the wedge
    • 4. Remove the wedge
    • 5. Separate the retainer from the band
    • 1. Lift the band from around the tooth
  105. Made of nylon or celluloid, Used for composite or glass ionomer restoration and transparent?
    Plastic strip matrix
  106. ___ wedges are used with the light-curing restoration matrix to deflect light?
  107. This type of matrix system is most often used on Class II restorations called the ___ matrix?
  108. Adjusts the size of the matrix band loop?
    Inner knob
  109. Screw-like rod used to secure the band?
  110. Slots, end of retainer hold the matrix band?
    Guide channels
  111. Main body of retainer?
  112. Holds ends in place in the diagonal slot?
  113. Tightens/loosens the spindle against the band?
    Outer knob
  114. Silk sutures are removed ___ days after placement?
  115. The best way to control bleeding is by?
  116. Suture removal is usually done how long after placement?
    5 to 7 days
  117. What does it mean to debride the suture site?
    To cleanse
  118. Preventive procedures include?
    • 1. Pit and fissure sealants
    • 2. Flouride therapy
    • 4. Some orthodontic procedures
  119. On average, sealants remain in place___ years?
  120. Which of the following are indications for sealants?
    • 1. Recently erupted teeth
    • 2. Occlusal pits and fissures of non-carious primary teeth
  121. Place the steps of suture removal in order?
    • 5. Debride the suture site
    • 2. Gently lift the suture away from the tissue
    • 3. Cut the thread below the knot close to the tissue
    • 4. Remove the suture
    • 1. Count the sutures removed