Management Final

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Author:
plbernal
ID:
188167
Filename:
Management Final
Updated:
2012-12-12 12:25:56
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professional nursing
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professional nursing managment
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  1. Steps to resolve conflict
    (6)
    • 1. Seperate facts from opinion
    • 2. Identify the specific problem
    • 3. Seek suggestions and ideas from those involved
    • 4. Select the solutions that settle disagreement
    • 5. Note the consequences of the solution
    • 6. Evaluate the success in resolving conflict
  2. What needs to be charted?
    (5)
    • - Focused assessments at the beginning & end of shift
    • - Nursing care/treatments
    • - Patient response to everything
    • - Any abnormal labs - with follow up
    • - Everything that will add to the big picture your documentation is painting
  3. Means each individual is responsible and accountable for his/her own actions
    Personal liability
  4. It allows the courts to hold the employer responsible for the actions of an employee when the employee is performing services for the organization within his/her scope of practice
    Vicarious liability
  5. This refers to the responsibility of the organization for its own wrongful conduct. This includes the duty to: hire, supervise, & maintain qualified competent, adequate staff; provide, inspect, repair, & maintain reasonable equipment; and maintain safety in the physical environment.
    Corporate Liability
  6. Four elements of malpractice
    • Duty
    • Breach of Duty
    • Harm/Injury
    • Proximate Cause
  7. Patient injury + Willing lawsuit = ???
    Lawsuit
  8. Basic assumptions or personal convictions of what is truthful or factual
    Beliefs
  9. The standards or guidelines for acceptable behavior
    Morals
  10. Judgments or beliefs about the worth of objects, attitudes, and attributes
    Values
  11. Determines what is right or wrong based on unchanging, absolute moral principles and values, and one’s duty or obligation to act in a given situation.
    Deontology
  12. Determines the rightness or wrongness of an action based on its consequences for the general welfare of all people if all people acted in a similar manner in the same situation.
    Teleology
  13. After mixing alcohol and sedatives at a party in 1975, an 18 year-old suffered cardiopulmonary arrest and subsequently entered a chronic persistent vegetative (PVS) state. The father, opposed by doctors, the hospital, a court-appointed guardian, the county prosecutor, and state of New Jersey, sought to be made the guardian and sought authorization to discontinue life-sustaining processes
    Karen Ann Quinlan (1976)
  14. This was the first court case to specifically deal with withdrawing ventilatory support from a permanently unconscious patient who was not “brain dead”.
    Karen Ann Quinlan (1976)
  15. The right of competent patients to refuse treatment was affirmed. Foregoing artificial nutrition and hydration is not different than foregoing other forms of treatment. The state of Missouri could require continued treatment of a patient in a persistent vegetative state unless there was “clear and convincing” evidence that the patient had explicitly authorized the removalof the treatment before the incident.
    Nancy Beth Cruzan (1990)
  16. What was the first case concerning foregoing of life-sustaining treatment to reach U.S. Supreme Court.
    Nancy Beth Cruzan (1990)
  17. This patient suffered severe brain damage during a cardiac arrest in 1990 as a result of a chemical imbalance reportedlydue to an eating disorder. The husband, who wanted the feeding tube removed, and the parents, who did not.  As a result, they were locked in controversy and legal battles over the course of a seven-year struggle to make that decision.
    Terri Schiavo (1995)
  18. A patient in a California hospital, requested that she be allowed to refuse her tube feedings and be kept comfortable. She suffered with severe cerebral palsy, sought legal recourse when the hospital announced its intention to force-fed her or transfer her to another hospital.
    Bouvia v. County of Riverside (1983)
  19. This case is the foundation for all current practices regarding informed consent. The patient did not receive an explanation of the risks of a surgery. The California Supreme Court outlined how informed consent should be handled and upheld the patient’s right to exercise control over his/her body and to make reasonable decisions forhimself/herself
    Cobbs v. Grant, 1972
  20. the right to make decisions about one’s own healthcare
    autonomy
  21. the requirement to do no harm to others either intentionally or unintentionally
    Nonmaleficence
  22. the obligation to do good
    Beneficence
  23. the obligation to be fair to all people
    Justice
  24. one’s faithfulness or loyalty to agreements and
    responsibilities that one has accepted
    Fidelity
  25. securing and protecting the privacy of others
    Confidentiality
  26. requirement to communicate truthfully and
    accurately
    Veracity
  27. linked to fidelity and means accepting responsibility for one’s action
    Accountability
  28. Key concepts of the ANA Code of Ethics include:
    • 1. Practice characterized by compassion and respect for dignity, worth, and uniqueness of every individual
    • 2. Primary commitment to the patient
    • 3. Patient advocacy
    • 4. Individual responsibility and accountability for practice
    • 5. Duty to maintain competence
    • 6. Provision of quality health care
    • 7. Participation in advancement of the profession
    • 8. Collaboration with other health professionals
    • 9. Collective responsibility for maintaining the integrity of the profession and its practice
  29. brief excursions across professional boundaries that may be inadvertent or purposeful. Thereis a return to established limits of the professional relationship after the crossing has occurred.
    Boundry Crossings
  30. phenomena that occur when there is confusion about client versus professional needs. Theseboundary issues are typically characterized by a reversal of roles, secrecy, the creation of a double bind for the client,and indulgence of personal privilege by the professional.
    Boundry Violations
  31. the use of power, influence, and/or knowledgeinherent in the nurse’s position to obtain sexual gratification, romantic partners, and/or sexually deviant outlets
    Professional Sexual Misconduct
  32. Anybehavior by the nurse that is seductive, sexually demeaning, harassing, or reasonably interpreted as sexual by theclient is considered professional sexual misconduct.
    Professional Sexual Misconduct
  33. This boundary violation occurs when the nurse initiates sexual interaction with a client or responds to a client in a sexual manner, including sexually suggestive or explicit comments,off-color jokes, obscene phone calls/letters, non-therapeutic hugs, indecent exposure, and overt sexual acts.
    Professional Sexual Misconduct
  34. Contracts with provider network for discount rates in return for patient referrals.  No outside of network paid unless pre-authorized.  PCP must referr to a specialist.  Very restrictive with least choice of providers, but large range of health benefits with very little co-pay.
    HMO's
  35. Contracts with providers like HMO, but no PCP required.  Services outside of network cost more but a portion will be covered.  Usually no referral for a specialist.  More choice but higher out of pocket expences.
    PPO's
  36. HMO/PPO hybrid.  Choose which type each time health care sought.  Ecourage PCP but not required.  Lower copay if use PCP.
    POS plan
  37. A type of civil law that particularly affects nurses
    Unintentional Torts
  38. A licensing law created to protect the public
    Statutory law
  39. The type of law violated with illegal possession of drugs
    Criminal Law
  40. The type of law based on the outcomes of previous cases that may be used in a malpractice case involving nurse liability
    Common Law
  41. The failure of a professional to meet standards of care resulting in harm to another person
    Malpractice
  42. What legal principle may contribute to a hospital staff nurse's decision to not carry professional liability insurane?

    A. Vicarious liability
    B. Cooperate liability
    C. Personal liability
    D. Institutional liability
    A. Vicarious liability
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. A physician wrote an order for lovenox, 40mg sq q 12 hrs, on a patient scheduled for a liver biopsy the next day.  The nurse called the physician to verify the order and avoided which type of error in the area of litigation risk?
    Evaluation
  44. A patient on fall precautions was left in bed with the side rails down while the nurse stepped out to get fresh linens.  The patient tried to get up, fell and fractured his hip.  In the area of litigation risk, which type of error did the nruse make?
    Planning
  45. How do you calculate the renewal date of new license?
    It will be the last day of the nurse's birth month.  If they were born in an odd year, the license will need to be renewed in an odd year, same with even years.
  46. How long do you have to pass the NCLEX after graduation? How many times can you take it?
    • 4 years
    • As many as needed
  47. How many hours of continuing education must be completed and how long do you have to do it?
    • 20 hours
    • 2 years
  48. Can a Texas RN practice in Colorado, Arizona, and New Mexico? Why?
    Yes, they are part of the compact states
  49. What are some ways the BON can discipline a nurse?
    • Monetary fine
    • Remedial education
    • Practice stipulations
    • Temporary suspension
    • Licensure revocation
  50. How many minor incidences can you have in _____ months of time?
    5 minor incidences in 12 months time

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