AP Psychology Unit 7 Vocabulary

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AP Psychology Unit 7 Vocabulary
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2012-12-09 22:02:41
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AP Psychology Unit 7 Vocabulary
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  1. The persistence of learning over time through the storage and retrieval of information.
    Memory
  2. The processing of information into the memory system-for example, by extracting meaning.
    Encoding
  3. The retention of encoded information over time.
    Storage
  4. The process of getting information out of memory storage.
    Retrieval
  5. The immediate, very brief recording of sensory information in the memory system.
    Sensory memory
  6. Activated memory that holds a few items briefly; such as the seven digits of a phone number while dialing, before the information is stored or forgotten.
    Short-term memory
  7. The relatively permanent and limitless sotrehouse of the memory system. Includes konwledge, skills, and experiences.
    Long-term memory
  8. A newer understanding of short-term memory that focuses on conscious, active processing of incoming auditory and visual-spatial information, and of information retrieved from long-term memory.
    Working memory
  9. The processsing of many aspects of a problem simultaneously; the brain's natural mode of information processing for many functions. Contrasts with the step-by-step (serial) processing of most computers and of conscious problem solving.
    Parallel processing
  10. Unconscious encoding of incidental information, such as space, time, and frequency, and of well-learned information, such as word meanings.
    Automatic processing
  11. Encoding that requires attention and conscious effort.
    Effortful processing
  12. The conscious repetition of information, either to maintain it in consciousness or to encode it for storage.
    Rehearsal
  13. The tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long-term retention that is achieved through massed study or practice.
    Spacing effect
  14. Our tendency to recall best the last and first items in a list.
    Serial position effect
  15. The encoding of picture images.
    Visual encoding
  16. Who adores Taylor Robert?
    Amanda Paige
  17. Who sings Be still my Heart?
    Postal Service
  18. The encoding of sound, especially the sound of words.
    Acoustic encoding
  19. The encoding of meaning, including the meaning of words.
    Semantic encoding
  20. Mental pictures; a powerful aid to effortful processing, especially when combined with semantic encoding.
    Imagery
  21. Memory aids, especially those techinques that use vivid imagery and organizational devices.
    Mnemonics
  22. Organizing items into familiar, manageable units; often occurs automatically.
    Chunking
  23. A momentary sensory memory or visual stimuli; a phottographic or picture-image memory lasting no more than a few tenths of a second.
    Iconic memory
  24. A momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli; if attention is elsewhere, sounds and words can still be recalled within 3 or 4 seconds.
    Echoic memory
  25. An increase in a synapse's firing potential after brief, rapid stimulation. Believed to be a neural basis for learning and memory.
    Long-term potentiation (LTP)
  26. A clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event.
    Flashbulb memory
  27. The loss of memory.
    Amnesia
  28. Retention independent of conscious recollection. (Also called nondeclarative or procedural memory.)
    Implicit memory
  29. Memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and "declare". (Also called declarative memory.)
    Explicit memory
  30. A neural center that is located in the limbic system; helps process explicit memories for storage.
    Hippocampus
  31. A measure of memory in whicht the person must retrieve information learned ealier, as on a fill-in-the-blank test.
    Recall
  32. A measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learned, as on a muliple-choice test.
    Recognition
  33. A measure of memory that assesses the amount of time saved when learning material for a second time.
    Relearning

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