Intro Final

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Intro Final
2012-12-11 18:04:52
Intro into Vet Tech Brod

Intro Vet Tech
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  1. Feline Panleukopenia also called?
    Is the disease Viral or Bacterial?
    • Feline Parvovirus
    • Feline Infectious Anemia, and
    • Feline Distemper
  2. What is the incubation period for Feline Panleukopenia?
    3 – 10 days
  3. What are the symptoms of Feline Panleukopenia
    Pyrexia, leukopenia, vomiting, diarrhea, mortality is high in young kittens.
  4. What is the treatment for Feline Panleukopenia?
    Fluids, antibiotics
  5. What 3 diseases are included in Feline Respiratory Complex. 
    Is it Viral or Bacterial?
    • Feline Rhinotracheitis (Feline Herpesvirus),
    • Feline Calicivirus and
    • Feline Pneumonitis 
    • Bacterial
  6. What is the Incubation period for Feline Respiratory Complex?
    3-10 days
  7. What are the symptoms of Feline Respiratory Complex?
    Pyrexia, sneezing, conjunctivitis, rhinitis
  8. What is the Treatment for Feline Respiratory Complex
    Supportive therapy, antibiotics
  9. What is the virus that causes Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) 
    What is the Incubation period?
    • Coronavirus 
    • 2 –14 days
  10. What are the symptoms (wet&dry) for Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP)?
    Symptoms: Effusive (Wet) – pyrexia, peritoneal and pleural exudates

    Non- Effusive (Dry) - pyrexia, respiratory and neurological
  11. What is the Treatment for Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP)?
    Usually ineffective, mortality close to 100%
  12. What is the incubation period for the Feline Leukemia 
    The virus is very ____________ outside of the cat’s body. 
    Transmission is ______________.
    Incubation: dependant on cat, maybe months or years.  The virus is very unstable outside of the cat’s body.  Transmission is cat to cat contact (fighting/breeding)
  13. 11 Symtoms of Feline Leukemia Virus
    Anemia, depression, weight loss, anorexia, enlarged lymph nodes, respiratory distress, polyuria, fetal resorption, abortion, infertility, “fading” kitten syndrome
  14. How do you diagnose Feline Leukemia Virus?
    ELISA or IFA test
  15. What is the Treatment for Feline Leukemia Virus?
    There is no cure. Chemotherapeutic agents may be effective for varying lengths of time. 85% of cats can get rid of virus completely. Usually die from pneumonia or cancer - not from leukemia
  16. Feline Immunodeficiency virus (FIV)
    Incubation- ____________ 
    Transmission ______________
    • Incubation- months or years
    • Transmission through bite wounds
  17. Symptoms for Feline Immunodeficiency virus (FIV)
    Weakened immune system, similar symptoms of FeLV
  18. How do you Diagnosis Feline Immunodeficiency virus (FIV)
    ELISA test
  19. What is the Treatment for Feline Immunodeficiency virus
    No cure, eventually fatal
  20. What is the definition of pharmacology? 
    The science that deals with the origin, nature, chemistry, effects and uses of drugs.
  21. Where can client get pharmaceuticals?
    What determines where they will purchase?
    • At clinic, on-line and at local pharmacy
    • Driven by price.
  22. Describe the stages a new drugs goes through: 
    What is the average lenght of time from concept to market of a drug? 
    • Development, research and field trials.
    • Up to 5 years. 
  23. Ivomec ® is an example of a ____________.
    Ivermectin  is the ____________ is which is generally indicated underneath within parenthesis.
    Chemical name is not required on literature.
    Ivermectin 5 mg/ml is the ____________.
    • Trade or proprietary name
    • generic or non-proprietary  
    • active ingredient
  24. Who is able to write a prescription in veterinarian medicine?  
    What is the job of an RVT pertaining to a prescription? 
    • Only the veterinarian. 
    • Fill, dispense, explain to client how to use the drug (dosage) and what to expect from the drug including adverse effects
  25. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)
    Make sure drugs are not misused, handled appropriately. Clinic must have license
  26. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
    Formulation of drugs for safety and effectiveness
  27. U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
    Ensures animals used in research are treated fairly. Regulates the specific care, housing and treatment and ensures humane treatment.
  28. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) 
    Ensures proper disposal of expired, non-usable drugs. 
  29. What is the safe way to get rid of expired drugs?
  30. Name 3 types of dosage forms:
    • Tablets    
    • Gelcaps
    • Caplets
  31. List 2 most common Liquid dosage forms:
    Solution & Suspension 
  32. Ampule – __ x use.
    Example is ________.
    • 1 x use 
    • Example is a vaccine
  33. Multi-dose – _____dose in ____pack
    Example _____
    • Multi dose in one pack 
    • Example rabies
  34. 2 examples of Implants 
    Microchip, growth implants
  35. Broad spectrum means 
    That it kills adult and larvae form of parasite
  36. Storage and Handling of Drugs

    Temperature Specifications = __° - __° F
    Humidity = __ – __%
    • Temperature Specifications = 50° - 80° F
    • Humidity = 40 – 60%
  37. QID
    Four times a day
  38. SID
    Once a day
  39. IM
  40. SQ
  41. IV
  42. STAT
  43. TID
    Three times a day - Every 8 hrs
  44. ou
    Both eyes
  45. od
    Right eye
  46. os
    Left eye
  47. BID
    Twice a day - Every 12 hrs
  48. PO
    By mouth
  49. EOD
    Every other day
  50. cc
    cubic centimeter
  51. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
    product sheet from the manufacturer that contains guidelines for protective precautions, clean up procedures and first aid for accidental exposure
  52. Name 7 drug Routes:
    • 1. Parenteral (by injection)                                                2. Intravenous (IV) (#3)
    • 3. Intramuscular(IM) – most common (#1)                     4. Subcutaneous(SQ) - under skin (#2)
    • 5. Intradermal(ID) within skin                                           6. Oral – by mouth – send home
    • 7. Topical
  53. Receptor
    Cell that the specific drug targets
  54. Antagonist
    Something that works against the drug. Combats adverse effects
  55. Agonists
    Something in the drug that helps the drug do its work
  56. Non-receptor mediated reactions
    Side effects
  57. Biotransformation
    Body changes its chemical structure and uses the part of the drug that is effective
  58. Elimination
    Waste products that are filtered out through liver and kidneys
  59. Withdrawal
    Important for food animals to make sure the drug is no longer in the body. Standard time is 1 week, but it can take up to 2 weeks
  60. List two drugs for Gastrointestinal
    Cisapride, Meclizine
  61. List two drugs for Cardiovascular
    Digoxin, Benazepril
  62. List two drugs for Respiratory
    Tetracycline, Cough suppressant (Robitussin)
  63. List two drugs for Endocrine
    Isophane Insulin, Glargine
  64. List two drugs for Nervous System
    Ketamine, Isoflurane
  65. List two drugs for Antimicrobials
    Penicillin, Tetracycline
  66. List two drugs for Disinfectants/Antiseptics
    Rocal, Bleach
  67. List two drugs for Antiparasitics
    Ivermectin, Immiticide
  68. List two drugs for Antiinflammatories
    DMSO, Ibuprofen
  69. 4% cows are 
    Ayrshire, Guernsey, Brown Swiss
  70. 2% cow that can produce 100lbs of milk
  71. List the leukocyte counts for dogs, cats & horses:
    • Dog: 11,000
    • Cat:13,000
    • Horse: 9,000
  72. List the hemoglobin (gm/100mL) counts for dogs, cats and horses:
    • Dog: 14.5
    • Cat: 12
    • Horse: 13
  73. List the BUN (blood-urea-nitrogen) counts for dogs, cats and horses:
    • Dog: 15
    • Cat: 17
    • Horse: 15
  74. The PCV (Packed cell volume/hematocrit) for a dog and for a cat.
    • dog = 45
    • Cat = 37.
  75. What are 2 types of damage that x-rays can cause? 
    Somatic damage and Reproductive damage
  76. Who discovery of X-Rays? 
    Wilhelm Roentgen
  77. List the 4 benefits of Digital Radiography. 
    • No Chemicals,
    • Storage on Computer,
    • E-mail to specialist,
    • Can change the size & coloring.
  78. Barrow
    Castrated male pig
  79. Boar
    Intact male
  80. Farrow
    Giving birth
  81. Gilt
    Young female pig
  82. Hog
    Adult pig
  83. Needle teeth
    Sharp canine teeth of piglets, must be trimmed to prevent injury to the sow
  84. Shoat
    Young pig less than one year of age
  85. Snare
    Device used to restrain pigs
  86. Sow
    Adult female pig
  87. Tusk
    Canine teeth of hogs, need to be trimmed periodically
  88. The sheep products are .
    The #1 sheep producer in the country is
    #1 in the states is . 
    • wool, lamb and mutton
    • Australia 
    • Texas
  89. Uses of goats are 
    dairy, milk, meat, hide, pets, weed eaters
  90. Original microscope was 
    monocular (one lens) that used reflective mirrors
  91. List the 4 Objective Lens of a microscope:
    • 1. Red = Low power (4X) Always start observation on lowest power.
    • 2. Yellow = Medium power (10X)
    • 3. Blue = High power (40X)
    • 4. Oil Immersion is (100X)
  92. Centrifuges are used to
    Separate blood & urine and used in PCV (packed cell volume).
  93. Name the 3 types of cells:
    • 1. RBC/Erythrocyte should represent approximately 37-45%. Measured in millions
    • 2. WBC/leukocytes Fine white line above the RBC. Measured in thousands
    • 3. Platelets/thrombocytes are clotting cells. Measured in thousands
  94. Plasma is the _____portion of the blood represents the remaining portion of blood. 
    fluid portion of the blood represents the remaining portion of blood. 
  95. PCV of 28% = ____
    PCV of 58% = ____
    • anemic
    • dehydration
  96. Descibe the Diff Quick Method:
    • 1. Dip dried blood smear 5 times in Fixative (light blue color)
    • 2. Dip slide 5 times in solution 1 (eosinophilic stain)
    • 3. Dip slide 5 times in solution 2 (basophilic stain)
    • 4. Gently rinse slide under water faucet and allow to dry.
    • Examine under Oil immersion
  97. S shaped nucleus granules in cytoplasm. Granules do not stain any color
    Segmented neutrophils
  98. Immature segmented neutrophils with horse shoe shaped nucleus
    Band neutrophils
  99. Red granules in cytoplasm
  100. No granules in cytoplasm. Large cell with irregularly shaped nucleus with dark blue cytoplasm with vacuoles
  101. Deep purple granules
  102. Small cell with the nucleus takes up the majority of the cell with dark blue cytoplasm
  103. When we look at a differential you count 100 cells.

    Segmented neutrophils –Represents ____% of cells.
    Band neutrophils –Represents ___% of cells.
    Eosinophils –Represents ___% of cells.
    Monocyte Represents ___% of cells.
    Basophil Represents ___% of cells.
    Lymphocytes Represents ___% of cells
    • Segmented neutrophils –Represents 60-70% of cells.
    • Band neutrophils –Represents 0-3% of cells.
    • Eosinophils –Represents 0-15% of cells.
    • Monocyte Represents 0-7% of cells. 
    • Basophil Represents 0-2% of cells.
    • Lymphocytes Represents 20-30% of cells
  104. Variation in size of RBC
  105. Erythrocytes smaller than normal
  106. Erythrocytes larger than normal
  107. Variation in shapes of RBCs
  108. Pale staining erythrocytes
  109. Intense staining erythrocytes
  110. Immature RBC
    Nucleated Erythrocyte
  111. Pyknotic, small, round remnants of the nuclear DNA. Occasionally seen in cytoplasm
    Howell Jolly Body
  112. Cytoplasmic clumps of hemoglobin. Seen in animals exposed to toxins like drugs (aspirin, phenothiazine)
    Heinz Bodies
  113. What feline disease results in high mortality in young kittens?
    Feline Panleukopenia
  114. What feline disease has close to 100% motality rate?
    Feline Infectious Peritonitis
  115. Which feline disease has reproductive symptoms of infertility, abortion, fetal reabsorption and "fading" kitten syndrome?
    Feline Leukemia Virus
  116. What feline disease has no cure and is eventually fatal?
    Feline Immunodeficiency Virus
  117. What are the 4 core vaccines?
    • Feline Panleukopenia
    • Feline Respiratory Complex
    • Feline Infectious Peritonitis
    • Feline Leukemia Virus
  118. List 3 storage specifications for drugs.
    • Temperature Specification: 50-80F
    • Light Sensetivity: Leave drugs in box
    • Humidity: 40-60%
  119. What affects the expiration of drugs?
    Preservative agents
  120. List 4 Beef cows:
    Angus, Brangus, Beef Fresian, Beefmaster
  121. List 4 Dairy Cows:
    Ayrshire, Brown Swiss, Guernsey, Jersey
  122. Dog Rectal Temperature
  123. Dog Heartrate
    60-160 bpm
  124. Dog Respiratory Rate
    10-30 rpm
  125. Dog Gestation
    60-63 days
  126. Dog Average Litter Size
  127. Dog Estrus Cycle
    6 months
  128. Cat Rectal Temperature
  129. Cat Heartrate
    110-130 bpm
  130. Cat Respiratory rate
    20-30 rpm
  131. Cat Gestation
    60-63 days
  132. Cat Average Litter size
  133. Cat Estrus Cycle
    • 15-21 days in season
    • 2 seaons p/yr
    • Induced Ovulator
  134. Horse Rectal Temperature
  135. Horse Heartrate
    28-40 bpm
  136. Horse Respiratory Rate
    8-15 rpm
  137. Horse Gestation
    11 months
  138. Horse Litter Size
  139. Horse Estrus Cycle
    21 days
  140. Cow Rectal Temperature
  141. Cow Heartrate
    40-80 bpm
  142. Cow Respiratory Rate
    10-30 bpm
  143. Cow Gestation
    9 months
  144. Cow Litter Size
  145. Cow Estrus Cycle
    21 days
  146. Sheep/Goats Gestation
    5 months
  147. Sheep/Goats Litter Size
  148. Size of ponies
    14.2 hands
  149. Size of miniature horse
    13.2 hands
  150. Horses are descendents of what horse
  151. Uses for horses
    Rodeo, cattle work, therapeutic riding, police horse, agriculture work and food.
  152. In 1800s how did they treat rabies patients?
    Cauterize wounds with hot iron and chanting.
  153. Heartworm lifespan
    6-7 months