Appendix C: Technical DSM Terms

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Anonymous
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Appendix C: Technical DSM Terms
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2012-12-09 19:49:16
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dsm technical terms
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the one's i'm not as familiar with for the 518 exam!
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  1. An impoverishment in thinking that is inferred from observing speech and language behavior. There may be brief and concrete replies to questions and resitriction in the amount of spontaneous speech (poverty of speech). Sometimes the speech is adequate in amount but conveys little information because it is overconcrete, overabstract, repetitive, or stereotyped (poverty of content). 
    alogia
  2. An impairment in the understanding or transmission of ideas by language in any of its forms - reading, writing, or speaking - that is due to injury or disease of th brain centers involved in language.
    aphasia
  3. An inability to produce speech sounds that require the use of the larynx that is not due to a lesion in the central nervous system.
    aphonia
  4. Partial or complete loss of coordination of voluntary muscular movement.
    ataxia
  5. Waxy flexibility - rigid maintenance of a body position over an extended period of time.
    catalepsy
  6. Episodes of sudden bilateral loss of muscle tone resulting in the individual collapsing, often in association with intense emotions such as laughter, anger, fear, or surprise.
    cataplexy
  7. Marked motor abnormalities including motoric immobility (i.e. catalepsy or stupor), certain types of escessive motor activity (apparently purposeless agitation not influenced by external stimuli), extreme negativism (apparent motiveless resistance to instructions or attempts to be moved) or mutism, posturing or stereotyped movements, and echolalia or echopraxia.
    catatonic behavior
  8. An alteration in the perception or experience of the self so that one feels detached from, and as if one is an outside observer or, one's mental processes or body (e.g., feeling like one is in a dream).
    depersonalization
  9. ("loosening of associations") A pattern of speech in which a person's ideas slip off one track onto another that is completely unrelated or only obliquely related. This disturbance occurs between clauses.
    derailment
  10. An alteration in the perception or experience of the external world so that it seems strange or unreal (e.g., people may seem unfamiliar or mechanical). 
    derealization
  11. A disruption in the usually integrated functions of consciousness, memory, identity, or perception of the environment. The disturbance may be sudden or gradual, transient or chronic.
    dissociation
  12. Imperfect articulation of speech due to disturbances of muscular control.
    dysarthria
  13. Distortion of voluntary movements with involuntary muscular activity.
    dyskinesia
  14. Primary disorders of sleep or wakefulness characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia as the major presenting symptom. ___________ are disorders of the amount, quality, or timing of sleep.
    dyssomnia
  15. Disordered tonicity of muscles. 
    dystonia
  16. A nearly continuous flow of accelerated speech with abrupt changes from topic to topic that are usually based on understandable associations, distracting stimuli, or plays on words. When severe, speech may be disorganized and incoherent.
  17. False perceptions that occur while falling asleep.
    hypnagogic
  18. False perceptions that occur when awakening.
    hypnopompic
  19. Painful sensitivity to sounds.
    hyperacusis
  20. Excessive sleepiness, as evidenced by prolonged nocturnal sleep, difficulty maintaining an alert awake state during the day, or undesired daytime sleep episodes.
    hypersomnia
  21. ("word salad") Speech or thinking that is essentially incomprehensible to others because words or phrases are joined together without a logical or meaningful connection. This disturbance occurs within clauses.
    incoherence
  22. Lack of restraint in expressing one's feelings, frequently with an overvaluation of one's significance or importance.
    expansive mood
  23. Involuntary rhythmic movements of the eyes that consist of small-ampltutde rapid tremors in one direction and a largery, slower, recurrent sweep in the opposite direction. _________ may be horizontal, vertical, or rotary.
    nystagmus
  24. An unreasonable and sustained belief that is maintained with less than delusional intensity (ie.e th person is able to acknolede the possibility that the belief may not be true). The belief is not one that is ordinarily accepted by other members of the person's culture or subculture.
    overvalued idea
  25. Abnormal behavior or physiological events occurring during sleep or sleep-wake transitions.
    parasomnia
  26. An early or premonitory sign or symptom of a disorder.
    prodrome
  27. Visible generalized slowing of movements and speech.
    psychomotor retardation
  28. The phase of an illness that occurs after remission of the florid symptoms or the full syndrome.
    residual phase
  29. An objective manifestation of a pathological condition. ______ are observed by the examiner rather than reported by the affected individual.
    sign
  30. Repetitive, seemingly driven, and nonfunctional motor behavior (e.g. hand shaking or waving, body rocking, head banging, mouthing of objects, self-biting, picking at sick or body orifices, hitting one's own body).
    stereotyped movements
  31. A state of unresponsiveness with immobility and mutism.
    stupor
  32. A condition in which a sensory experience associated with one modality occurs when another modality is stimulated, for example, a sound produced the sensation of a particular color.
    synesthesia
  33. An involuntary, sudden, rapid, recurrent, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor movement or vocalization.
    tic

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