Nutrition

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Author:
LarizaVera
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188260
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Nutrition
Updated:
2012-12-09 19:49:16
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Nutri final
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final practice Problems
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  1. Which of the following is a feature of lactation?
    1.       Breast milk quantity but not quality is most affected by nutritional
  2. Which of the following is the name of the vitamin A compound that is active in the visual response? 
     Retinal
  3. Which of the following is a feature of energy intake and longevity?
    1.      Improvements in longevity depend on reducing energy intake but not on the amount of body fat
  4. Which of the following is a feature of vitamin D nutrition in the elderly?
    1.      Aging reduces the kidneys' ability to convert vitamin D to its active form
  5. Which of the following is the most likely side effect for a person who regularly consumes large quantities of carrots or carrot juice? 
    Skin yellowing
  6. Which of the following nutrients need to be supplied first by solid foods in a baby's diet? Vitamin C and iron
  7. Which of the following substances is known to adversely affect folate utilization?  Regular use of antacids
  8. Which of the following is a feature of leptin?  It is a satiety signal
  9. Which of the following is a major function of magnesium?  Catalyst in energy metabolism
  10. Which of the following represents a good age to introduce solid foods to infants? Five months
  11. Which of the following is the most likely reason that teachers promote the consumption of midmorning snacks for children?  It provides carbohydrate for maintenance of blood glucose and brain function
  12. Which of the following may be effective at reducing the risk for preeclampsia? Exercise
  13. Which of the following represents the most reliable dietary source of zinc? Meats and whole-grain cereals
  14. Which of the following is the most reliable source of vitamin D in the diet? Fortified milk
  15. Which of the following is known to speed up the passage of substances through the large intestine, thereby decreasing exposure time to carcinogens? fiber
  16. Which of the following is a risk of consuming calcium supplements above the UL?   Kidney stone formation
  17. Which of the following is a feature of the lipoprotein lipase enzyme? Its activities in men and women are sex-related and explain the differences in major fat storage regions of the body
  18. Which of the following vitamins is synthesized by intestinal bacteria?   Biotin
  19. Which of the following is associated with energy metabolism of the preschool child?   A 1-year-old who needs 800 kcal/day would require only about 1600 kcal at 6 years of age
  20. Which of the following is a feature of protein nutrition in physical activity? Protein is not a major fuel for physical activity
  21. Which of the following is known to require vitamin K for its synthesis?   Prothrombin
  22. Which of the following should not be used to feed an infant? Whole milk
  23. Which of the following is the most prevalent nutrient deficiency among U.S. and Canadian children? Iron
  24. Which of the following is a major function of chloride? Helps maintain gastric acidity
  25. Which of the following nutrients are required in higher amounts during pregnancy due to their roles in the synthesis of red blood cells? Folate and vitamin B12
  26. Which of the following represents the most likely cause of manganese toxicity?  Inhalation of dust contaminated with manganese
  27. Which of the following would be the minimum amount of dietary iron known to impair zinc absorption in an individual with a zinc intake of 15 mg?   30 mg
  28. Which of the following is the standard classification for a low-birthweight infant?  5 lbs or less
  29. Which of the following is the primary function of potassium?Acts as principal intracellular electrolyte
  30. Which of the following is a feature of the body's response to engaging in physical activity? After an intense and vigorous workout, metabolism remains elevated for several hours
  31. Which of the following is a role for diet in physical activity? Diets lacking in carbohydrates lead to increased amino acid utilization for fuel
  32. Which of the following is a feature of food choices and eating habits of older people?  People over 65 are less likely to lose weight by dieting than are younger people
  33. Which of the following is not a common feature of gout? It is treated by reducing intake of milk products
  34. Which of the following vitamins is involved substantially in energy transformation reactions? Riboflavin
  35. Which of the following vitamins is stored primarily in muscle tissue?   Vitamin B6
  36. Which of the following is characteristic of calcium nutrition in teenagers? The intake of calcium is higher in boys than girls because they eat more food
  37. Which of the following is a characteristic of fat cell development?More and larger fat cells are found in obese people compared with healthy-weight persons
  38. Which of the following may result from excessive intakes of vitamin D by adults? Mineral deposits in soft tissues such as the kidney
  39. Which of the following is a feature of iron nutrition in athletes? Iron losses occur from accelerated destruction of fragile, older blood cells
  40. Which of the following is the standard classification for a very-low-birthweight infant? 3  lbs or less
  41. Which of the following is a feature of blood triglycerides and risk for coronary heart disease? Nonfasting triglyceride levels more strongly predict risk than fasting levels
  42. Which of the following symptoms would ordinarily not be found in individuals with iron-deficiency anemia? Diminished sense of smell
  43. Which of the following is a general characteristic of sodium in processed foods?  Salted peanuts contain less sodium than cereals on a per-gram basis
  44. Which of the following is a general property of the minerals? When a food is burned, all the minerals are found in the ash
  45. Which of the following is a feature of the stress response in men and women?    Women's general reactions to stress are different than those of men
  46. Which of the following is a feature of energy metabolism in formerly obese people who have lost weight?  Energy requirements are lower than expected for their current body weight
  47. Which of the following is a feature of ghrelin?  It stimulates appetite and energy storage
  48. Which of the following is characteristic of the tocopherols? They are usually found in foods high in polyunsaturated fats        
  49. Which of the following vitamins is usually found in a form that is bound to one or more glutamic acid molecules in food?   Folate
  50. Which of the following is currently accepted as a medical treatment in the United States? Radiation therapy
  51. Which of the following is likely to induce vitamin A toxicity in adults? Consuming high-dose vitamin A supplements
  52. Which of the following is a feature of the WIC program? It saves an estimated $3 in medical costs in the first two months after birth for every dollar spent
  53. Which of the following is a characteristic of HIV or AIDS? AIDS develops from HIV infection   
  54. Which of the following is a feature of vitamin E supplementation and physical activity? Some studies show that vitamin E in high doses seems to protect against exercise-induced oxidative stress whereas others show the opposite 
  55. Which of the following is a feature of physical activity recommendations? The same level of effectiveness can be achieved by dividing the activity in shorter sessions throughout the day 
  56. Which of the following is a feature of elderly people and water metabolism?    They do not feel thirsty or recognize dryness of the mouth 
  57. Which of the following is associated with bifidus factors?    Increased bacterial growth 
  58. Which of the following is a feature of calcium nutrition in the elderly? Calcium intakes are well below recommendations 
  59. Which of the following is a function of prolactin?    It acts on mammary glands to promote milk production 
  60. Which of the following practices is not among the recommendations to help children develop an interest in vegetables? Serve vegetables with the promise that after they are eaten, dessert will follow 
  61. Which of the following is a sure sign that muscles are using their maximum amount of energy from fat?    Breathing is easy 
  62. Which of the following is most likely to occur from a prolonged dietary deficiency of vitamin A? Xerophthalmia 
  63. Which of the following symptoms is indicative of a deficiency of vitamin C?    Subcutaneous pinpoint hemorrhages 
  64. Which of the following substances is found in corn and contributes to the development of pellagra? Leucine 
  65. Which of the following is responsible for transporting vitamin A from the liver to other tissues? Retinol-binding protein 
  66. Which of the following would represent a source of possible iron contamination?    An iron frypan 
  67. Which of the following is a feature of ghrelin?    Its blood concentration is very high in people with anorexia nervosa 
  68. Which of the following is not a satiating hormone? Ghrelin 
  69. Which of the following is a feature of the DASH diet?    It works synergistically with reduction of sodium intake 
  70. Which of the following is an effect of alcohol intake in the mother who breastfeeds?    It alters the flavor 
  71. Which of the following vitamins has an RDA?    Cobalamin 
  72. Which of the following is a characteristic of type 1 diabetes?    It is an autoimmune disorder 
  73. Which of the following properties do vitamins D and K share?    Both are synthesized in the body 
  74. Which of the following is a feature of water metabolism during exercise?    Sweat losses can exceed the capacity of the GI tract to absorb water, resulting in some degree of dehydration 
  75. Which of the following is a feature of specific ergogenic aids? Caffeine may enhance short-term, high-intensity performance 
  76. Which of the following is a feature of sports anemia? It is not a true iron-deficiency anemia 
  77. Which of the following vitamins is known to sustain substantial losses during processing of food? Pantothenic acid 
  78. Which of the following is a function of trabecular bone?    Storage site for calcium 
  79. Which of the following is a characteristic of the body's major types of adipose tissue? Very little brown fat is found in adults whereas more is seen in infants 
  80. Which of the following is a characteristic of aging and the immune system? Antibiotics are often ineffective in treating older people who have deficient immune systems 
  81. Which of the following represents the order of the stages of iron deficiency? Iron stores decline - iron transport diminishes - hemoglobin synthesis falls 
  82. Which of the following is a characteristic of drug therapy for hypertension?     Antihypertensive drugs work by lowering blood volume 
  83. Which of the following is a symptom of potassium deficiency? Muscle weakness 
  84. Which of the following is one of the recommendations to treat pregnancy-associated heartburn?    Eat many small meals 
  85. Which of the following is present in highest concentration in soft water?    Sodium 
  86. Which of the following is a characteristic of factors associated with hypertension? African Americans develop high blood pressure earlier in life and their average blood pressure is higher than whites' 
  87. Which of the following is a characteristic of arterial plaque? Size of the plaque is not as important as composition 
  88. Which of the following is a feature of physical inactivity and energy balance?  Differences in the time obese and lean people spend lying, sitting, standing, and moving account for about 350 kcalories per day 
  89. Which of the following would be the most appropriate food source of iodide for a person who lives inland?    Iodized table salt 
  90. Which of the following would most likely result from an excessive intake of iodine? Thyroid gland enlargement 
  91. Which of the following population groups is least susceptible to iron-deficiency anemia?    Men 20-45 years of age 
  92. Which of the following is a characteristic of Alzheimer's disease?    It is associated with clumps of beta-amyloid protein in the brain 
  93. Which of the following is a property of conditioned muscles? They can store more glycogen 
  94. Which of the following trace minerals is known to be involved in bone development?    Silicon 
  95. Which of the following vitamins is known to deactivate histamine, a substance that causes nasal congestion?    Vitamin C 
  96. Which of the following is characteristic of children who regularly eat breakfast or skip breakfast? Breakfast-skippers actually show lower scores on IQ tests than those who eat breakfast 
  97. Which of the following is the primary factor in the development of milk anemia?    Excessive intake of cow's milk 
  98. Which of the following foods seems to benefit rheumatoid arthritis in some people?    Olive oil 
  99. Which of the following is a leading cause of both blindness and kidney failure?              Diabetes 
  100. Which of the following nutrients taken as a prenatal supplement has been found to be associated with a lower incidence of neural tube defects?  Folate

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