Anatomy Tissue Study Guide

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Anatomy Tissue Study Guide
2012-12-09 21:57:38
Mr Wood Anatomy Connective Tissues Epithelium

Anatomy tissues test study guide
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  1. What are the 3 types of cartilage?
    • 1. Elastic
    • 2. Fibrocartilage
    • 3. Hyaline
  2. What type of cartilage forms the framework of the outer ear?
    Elastic cartilage
  3. What tissue functions as heat insulator beneath skin?
    Adipose tissue
  4. What tissue contains large amounts of fluid and lacks fibers?
    Dense connective tissue
  5. What tissue has cells arranged around osteonic canal?
    Bone tissue
  6. What tissue binds skin to underlying organs?
    Adipose tissue
  7. What is the main tissue of tendons and ligaments?
    Dense connective
  8. Which tissue provides stored energy supply in fat vacuoles?
    Adipose tissue
  9. Which cartilage forms the flexible soft part of the nasal septum?
    Hyaline cartilage
  10. What cartilage pads between vertebrae that are shock absorbers?
  11. Which cartilage forms supporting rings of respiratory passages?
    Hyaline cartilage
  12. Which tissue has cells greatly enlarged with nuclei pushed to sides?
    Adipose tissue
  13. Which tissue forms delicate, thin layers between muscles?
    Blood tissue
  14. Which tissue has matrix that contains collagen fibers and mineral salts?
    Loose connective(areolar)
  15. Which tissue is this?
  16. Function and location of simple squamous?
    • F: Diffusion
    • L: Lungs
  17. Function and location of cardiac muscle?
    • F: Pump blood
    • L: Heart
  18. Function and location of dense connective?
    • F: Bind bones
    • L: Tendons
  19. Function and location of bone?
    • F: support, protect organs
    • L: Skeletal system
  20. Function and location of skeletal muscle?
    • F: Movement
    • L: Attached to bones
  21. Function and location of nervous tissue?
    • F: Send electical messages
    • L: Brain, spinal cord
  22. Function and Location of hyaline?
    • F: support, movement
    • L: ends of bones
  23. Function and location of smooth muscle?
    • F: Moves along foods, wastes
    • L: Intestines
  24. Function and location of adipose tissue?
    • F: Cushion and insulate
    • L: Under skin surrounding organs
  25. Function of stratified squamous?
    F: Waterproof skin, barrier
  26. Function and location of areolar tissue?
    • F: Bind skin to lower organs
    • L: Under skin
  27. Which major tissue type forms mucous, serous, and epidermal membranes?
  28. Which major tissue type allows for organ movements within the body?
  29. Which major tissue type transmits electrochemical impulses?
  30. Which major tissue type supports body organs?
  31. Which major tissue type has cells that may absorb or secrete substances?
  32. Which major tissue type is the basis of the major controlling system of the body?
  33. Which major tissue type has cells that shorten?
  34. Which major tissue type forms hormones?
    Epithelial (cuboidal)
  35. Which major tissue type packages and protects body organs?
  36. Which major tissue type is characterized by having large amounts of nonliving matrix?
  37. Which major tissue type allows you to smile?
  38. Which major tissue type is most widely distributed in the body?
  39. Which major tissue type forms the brain and the spinal cord?
  40. Which tissue coordinates, regulates, and integrates body functions?
    Nervous tissue
  41. Which tissue contains intercalated disks?
    Skeletal muscle
  42. Which muscle lacks striations?
    Smooth muscle
  43. Which muscle is striated and involuntary?
    Cardiac muscle
  44. Which muscle is striated and voluntary?
    Skeletal muscle
  45. Which tissue contains neurons and neuroglial cells?
    Nervous tissue
  46. Which muscle is attached to bones?
    Skeletal muscle
  47. Which muscle composes the heart?
    Cardiac muscle
  48. Which muscle moves food through the digestive tract?
    Smooth muscle
  49. Which tissue transmits impulses along cytoplasmic extensions?
    Nervous tissue
  50. Which connective tissue provides great strength through parallel bundles of collagenic fibers; found in tendons?
    Dense connective
  51. Which connective tissue acts as a storage depot for fat?
  52. Which connective tissue composes the dermis of the skin?
  53. Which connective tissue forms the bony skeleton?
  54. Which connective tissue composes the basement membrane and packages organs, includes a gel-like matrix with all categories of fibers and many cell types?
  55. Which connective tissue forms the embryonic skeleton and the surfaces of bones at the joints; reinforces the trachea?
    Hyaline cartilage
  56. Which connecetive tissue provides insulation for the body?
  57. Which connective tissue has structurally amorphous matrix, heavily invaded with fibers, appears glassy and smooth?
  58. Which connective tissue contains cells arranged concentrically around a nutrient canal; matrix is hard due to calcium salts?
  59. Which connective tissue forms the stroma or internal "skeleton" of lymph nodes, the spleen, and other lymphoid organs?
    Reticular connective tissue
  60. Function and location of simple columnar?
    • F: Absorption
    • L: Intestines
  61. Function and location of pseudostratified columnar?
    • F: Capture harmful particles before entering the lungs
    • L: Respiratory
  62. Function and location of transitional?
    • F: to stretch
    • L: Urinary bladder
  63. What do fibroblasts produce?
    Collagen and elastin fibers
  64. Other name for cartilage?
  65. Other name for bone cell?
  66. Other name for fiber-making cell?
  67. What kind of matrix does bone and blood have?
    • Bone: Protein matrix
    • Blood: Fluid matrix