Med Massage 2

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  1. Bow-Legged
    genu varum
  2. Knocked Knees
    genu valgum
  3. acute comparment sydrome
  4. Anterior Shin Splints
    constant tensile stress of muscles on the periosteum of the tibia creating inflammation
  5. Plantar Fasciitis
    inflammation of the fascia attachment on the calcaneus bone
  6. ACL
    Prevent Anterior movement of the tibia
  7. Bakers Cysts
    Benign fluid filled cysts posterior knee, massage contraindication
  8. Pen Planus
    Flat Foot
  9. Achilles Tendon Rupture
    3 degree sprain/normally surgery is required
  10. MTSS
    Posterior Shin Splints
  11. PCL
    Prevents posterior movement of the tibia
  12. Chronic compartment Syndrome
    Pain Subsides within 30 mins after stopping activity as swelling goes down
  13. house Maids knee
    inflamed bursa of the knee
  14. MCL
    Prevents valgus stress on the knee.largest stabilizing ligament of the knee
  15. Pes Cavus
    High Arches
  16. Ankle Sprain
    Tearing of the ligament fibers at ankle
  17. Caused by rickets
  18. Hyperextension of the knee
    Genu Recurvatum
  19. Jumpers Knee
    Patella tendinosis
  20. LCL
    Prevents varus stress on the knee/and internal rotation of the tibia
  21. What is the definition of COPD?
    Chronic destructive Pulmanary Disease: is one of the most common lung diseases
  22. What are the three diseases that might be considered a COPD?
    Asthma, Bronchitis, emphysema
  23. Define Asthma and its variations
    a chronic disorder in which there is spasmodic construction of the bronchial smooth muscle tubes, chronic local inflammation and excessive mucus production. Bronchial asthma, exercise induced asthma, Cough variant asthma.
  24. What muscles might be affect or chronically tight in a person COPD disease? List names
    Intercostals, Scalenes, Serratus posterior inferior, diaphram
  25. Define Chronic Bronchitis and its signs and symptoms
    involves long-term inflammation of the brochi and bronchioles with or without infection that leads to changes in the bronchial lining.  1. Lingers for a long time 2. Presents for 3 or more months 3. produces thick clear sputum 4. Occurs 2 yrs in a row.
  26. Give a brief description of Emphysema
    The aveoli of the lungs have become distended and have lost elasticity.
  27. List three signs and symptoms  of Emphysema
    Shortness of breath, dry cough, wheezing
  28. Explain massage treatment in the early and advanced stages of the disease
    Early-focus on Neck, back and chest.  Advanced: Calming reflexive techniques to help reduce anxiety, stress and fatigue.  Address the muscular contributions of the "barrel chest"
  29. Give a brief description of Cystic Fibrosis and 3 signs and symptoms
    a congential disease of the exocrine gland.  ie dry or productive cough, shortness of breath, wheezing, chest pain, cyanosis
  30. What is the name of the specific massage for respiratory patients called?
    Postural drainage with C.P.T. (Chest Physiotherapy)
  31. Define Cancer
    is the abnormal, uncontrolled growth of cells
  32. Is cancer considered a contraindication for massage therapy? Explain
    No, massage can be benefiscal to clients with cancer
  33. Describe the two subgroups of cancer
    Carcinoma-originates in epithelial tissue.  Sarcoma-develops in connective tissue
  34. List the five various treatments for cancer discussed int he supplemental
    1. Immunotherapy 2. Surgery 3. Chemotherapy 4. radiation 5. hormonal therapy
  35. What are 4 side effect of Radiation therapy and 4 effects of chemotherapy?
    Radiation therapy-Friable tissues, radiation burns, fibrosis, fatigue. Chemotherapy-Nausea, bowel changes, low blood counts, (WBC, RBC and platelets) mouth and throat sores, hair loss.
  36. What would be some common concerns when considering massage threatment for a cancer patient? Discuss briefly?
    A patient Blood Counts.  They affect whay you can do and the clients risk factors.
  37. Elevator Shoulder
    • HTM:
    • HPM:
    • ST:
    • Str:
    • Strg:
  38. Rounded Shoulders
    • HTM:
    • HPM:
    • ST:
    • Str:
    • Strg:
  39. Adductor Strain (Groin Pull)
    • HTM:
    • HPM:
    • ST:
    • Str:
    • Strg:
  40. Hamstring Strain
    • HTM:
    • HPM:
    • ST:
    • Str:
    • Strg:
  41. ACL Sprain
    • HTM:
    • HPM:
    • ST:
    • Str:
    • Strg:
  42. Injury to a ligament and only occurs in joints
  43. A systemic autoimmune disease that is polyarticular
    Rheumatoid Arthritis
  44. Fluid filled synovial cysts that are attached to joint capsules or tendinous sheaths
    Ganglion Cysts
  45. Vitamin B Dedficiency
    Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  46. Fingers wrap around the thumb which is at full flexion and against the palm of the hand, and then do an ulnar deviation of the hand
    Finkelstein Test
  47. injury to the muscle tendon unit
  48. AKA ulnar tunnel sundrome
    Guyon's canal syndrome
  49. Myofascial techniques and stripping are helpful in treating retinaculum
    Depuytren's Contracture
  50. Compression of the median nerve under the flexor retinaculum
    Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  51. Compression of the Ulnar nerve and the medial wrist
    Guyon's Canal Syndrome (Ulnar Tunnel Syndrome)
  52. Most often affected the 4th and 5th finger on both hands
    Depuytrn's contracture
  53. Backs of hands are pressed together
    Phalen's Test
  54. Test used to confirm carpal tunnel syndrome
    Phalen's or Tinel's test
  55. AKA Groin pull
    Adductor Strain
  56. Sever or third degree- a complete rupture or avulsion fracture occurs a snapping sound may be heard
  57. Rectus Fermoris most affected
    Quadriceps Strain
  58. Massage is not recognized as benefical and consult with doctor before treating
    Trigger Finger
  59. Massage is locally contraindicated
    Ganglion cycts
  60. The hands and feet are more effected than any other joints
    Rheumatoid Arthritis
  61. Fibrous nodule preventing free movement of the tendon at the synovial sheath
    Trigger Finger
  62. Lesions
    Change in tissue structures
  63. Paresis
  64. Hemiplegia
    The side of the body
  65. Parapalegia
    Both Legs
  66. Spastic Paralysis
    Upper Limbs
  67. TIA
    Temporary lack of blood to the brain
  68. MS
    Degeneration of Myelin Sheath
  69. Flaccid Paralysis
    Lower Limbs
  70. Monoplegia
    Group or limb
  71. CVA
  72. Flaccid Paralysis treatment
    In peripheral nerve injuries, the tissues that lost innervations become fragile, dystrophic and are easily injured.  Friction and deep pressure to compromised tissue is contraindicated.
  73. Stroke (CVA) Treatment
    Many patients who hace a stroke also have cardiovascular health problems.  Treatment must be modified for these patients.  Strokes cause a spastic paralysis.  Spastic Paralysis treatment should be applied.  Additional considerations for patients with strokes include: Positioning may be restricted or may need to be altered.  Hydrotherapy may be contraindicated. Shortened treatment sessions.  Work only one side of the neck at a time.  Only light effleurage on the belly of the SCM. Do not extend the neck and rotate the head-Contraindicated.  Abdominal massage for constipation-contraindicated
  74. Parkinson's
    This is a rigidity problem, positional changes may be difficult.  Assist on and off the table for safety.  Encourage these clients to pace activities to avoid fatigue but to do as much of the activities of dailt living (ADL) as they can.  Also have the clients do gentle stretching exercises and facial exercises.
  75. MS Treatment
    Never force a movement! All techniques should be applied slowly, gently, and with broad hand contract, rhythmic strokes and smooth transitions.
  76. Rotator Cuff Muscles
    • SITS
    • Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Teres Minor, Subscapularis
  77. Should Impingement Syndrome
    All but Subscapularis
  78. SIS
    Primary impingement is caused by the shape of the acromion process decreasing the subacromial space.  Secondary impingement is due to alterations in shoulder biomechanics and repetitive motions.  Shoulder flexion especially coupled with internal rotation can cause Impingement.
  79. SIS Test
    Hawkins Kennedy, Empty can test, Neer, Arc Test
  80. Rot Cuff-Suprapinatus uses which test
    Drop Arm
  81. Calcium Crystal in the tendon
    Calcific Tenditis
  82. Which pathology is edipathic
    Calcific Tenditis, Sub acromial bursitis
  83. frozen shoulder
    refers to glenohumeral stiffness and lost ROM from a noncontactile element in the shoulder that is not necessarily capsular in nature
  84. Condition more common in women 40-60
    Frozen should
  85. Thawing Stage
  86. Apley scratch test
    The client attempts to reach behind back with one hand reaching over and behind the shoulder (testing abduction and external rotation), the other hand reaching behind the lower ribs (testing internal rotation and adducation). Both arms get tested in both positions and results compared.
  87. Tests for supraspinatus
    Drop Arm
Card Set:
Med Massage 2
2012-12-10 21:21:48
medical Massage

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