Western Civilization Final

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Western Civilization Final
2012-12-10 00:37:20
Western Civilization

Part 2
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  1. Wordsworth
    • Ode on Imitations of Immortality
    • maturation = child's loss of imagination
    • The Prelude - Book length poem - growth of a poet's mind
    • Coleridge's closet friend
    • Together they published Lyrical Ballad's
    • Rejected rules of 18th century criticism
    • lost childlike vision and closeness to closeness to spiritual reality
    • THEORY: soul's preexistence in a celestial state before its creation
  2. Goethe
    • defied any classification 
    • The Sorrows of Young Werther - Series of Letters
    • Faust Part 1 and 2: MOST POPULAR WORK
    • Germany's Great Poets
    • Perhaps the greatest German writer of modern times
    • romantic mold and condemnation of Romantic excesses
  3. Herder
    • Feelings of the Human Soul
    • resented French cultural dominance
    • rejected mechanical explanation of nature
    • humans and societies as developing organically
    • prominent German writer
    • praised German folk and language which enhanced colksgeist
    • cultural nationalist who focused uniqueness of communities
  4. Hugo
    • the dominant figure among French romantics
  5. Coleridge
    • poet and conservative political thinker
    • imagination was God at work in the mind "a repetition in the finite mind of the eternal act of creation in the infinite I am"
    • Poetry was the highest of human acts, humankind's self-fulfillment in a transcendental world
    • master of Gothic poems of supernatural 
    • The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
  6. Blake
    • The Reasoning Power in Man
    • British poet
  7. Fitche
    • important German philosopher and nationalist
    • identified individual ego with absolute that underlies all existing things
    • world is creation of humankind and is special because of the people in it
  8. Hegel
    • most important romantic philosopher
    • believed ideas developed in evolution
    • The Phenomenology of Mind
    • Lectures on the Philosopher of History
    • discussed cultures contributing and clashing for new ideas
  9. Scott
    • Tales of Crusades
  10. Edmund Burke
    • conservatism
    • said society was a compact between ancestors, present gen, and decendants
    • radical change = anarchy
    • founder of modern "classical" conservatism
    • Irish-born Bristish statesman
    • Renaissance man
  11. Byron
    • rebel among poets and disliked
    • little sympathy for immagination by was viewed as embodiment of the new person of the French Revolution
    • Childe Harold's Pilgrimage
  12. Goya
    • Third of May
    • depicted the savagery of those executions in the most memorable war painting of the Napoleonic ear
    • Illustrates 2 forces of Napoleonic warefare confronting each other
    • After the restoration of the Spanish monarchy
    • Made ordinary people and very poor clergy not only the victims, but symbolic heroes of the national war of liberation
  13. Grimm Brothers
    • Herder's most important followers
    • Jakob and Wilhelm
    • famous for their collection of fairy tales
  14. Hegel
    • most important philosopher of history in Romantic period
    • one of the most complicated and significant philosophers
    • believed ideas developed in an evolutionary fashion that involves conflict
    • THESIS: a predominant set of ideas
    • ANTITHESIS: conflicted ideas; challenged thesis
    • SYNTHESIS: the two emerge (THESIS and ANTITHESIS) and becomes a new thesis
  15. David
    • Consecration of the Emperor Napoleon I and Coronation of Empress Josephine
    • Revealed the enormous political and religious political and religious tensions of that event
  16. Constable
    • English landscape painter
    • politically conservative
    • Salisbury Cathedral from the Meadows
    • Portrayed a stable world in which neither political turmoil nor industrial development challenged the church
  17. Turner
    • depicted forces of the new industrialism that was challenging them
    • Rain, Steam, and Speed - The Great Western Railway of 1844
  18. Ferdinand VII of Spain
    • King of Spain TWICE after Napoleonic wars
    • dispute with Joseph Bonaparte
    • Eldest son of Charles IV
    • Arrested for plotting to overthrow his father from the throne and murdering his mother
    • Arrested by Napoleon
  19. Ferdinand VII of Spain
    • Ferdinand was born in 1784 to Charles IV and María Luisa.
    • In 1807 he was arrested by his father, who accused him of plotting his overthrow and the murder of his mother and  the chief minister Godoy.    
    • was forced to abdicate and his throne was given to Joseph Bonaparte.
    • imprisoned in France during Peninsular War.
    • restored to the throne in 1814. 
    • repressive policies caused a liberal revolution and the establishment of a liberal government until 1823, when it was ousted with French help, delegated by the Holy Alliance and the Congress of Troppau.   
    • the Spanish colonies on the mainland of North and South America were lost
  20. Carbonari
    • "Charcoal-burners"
    • 50,000 strong and espousing a vaguely liberal politcal program
    • pressure by Carbonari forces royal capitulation to the demand for a spanish-style constitution
  21. Austrian Empire
    • Population: Germans, Hungarians, Czechs and Slovaks, Southern Slavs, Eastern Slavs, Italians
    • Nationalist feeling strong among Czechs, Hungarians, and Italians
    • Metternich still chief minister
    • Habsburgs: ruling dynasty
    • Emperor Ferdinand and his absolutist gov
    • Liberalism strong in cities
    • Industrialism growing