Mutalistas/Mutual Aid Societies
1. When: Post Mexico-U.S. War (1848)2. Where: American Southwest 3. Who: Ethnic Mexicans 4. What: a) a fraternal organization established to promote patriotism, protection, material assistance, faith, work, & unityb) Members paid dues that would be used in crisis of members → death, new comers, loss of jobc) Example → Alianza Hispano Americana, Sacramento (1929) → helped poor, disabled, and widowed 5. Significance: displays a subtle form of resistance by Mexicans in that the Mutual Aid Societies provided opportunities that were not given to Mexicans in the U.S.