ANTH 1500

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ANTH 1500
2012-12-10 05:22:38
ANTH Sites Regions

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  1. Ulu Burun
    • a Late Bronze Age shipwreck dated to the late 14th century BC
    • discovered close to the east shore of Uluburun
    • about 6 miles southeast of Kaş, in south-western Turkey
  2. RMS Titanic
    • a British passenger liner that sank in the North
    • Atlantic Ocean on 15 April 1912 after colliding with an iceberg during her maiden voyage from Southampton, UK to New York City, US
  3. Mary Rose
    • a carrack-type warship of the English Tudor navy of King Henry VIII
    • while leading the attack on the galleys of a French invasion fleet, she sank in the Solent, the straits north of the Isle of Wight
    • rediscovered in 1971 and salvaged in 1982
    • undergoing conservation at a museum in Portsmouth, England
  4. Bering Land Bridge (Beringia)
    • stretch of land that links Alaska and Siberia
    • exposed periodically due to lowering of sea levels, allowing people to cross from one continent to another
  5. Paisley Caves
    • in Oregon
    • human coprolites dated to 14,250 BP
    • DNA confirms Asian ancestry
  6. Monte Verde
    • in Chile
    • discovered by Tom Dillehay
    • water-logged site (excellent preservation)
    • 14C dates of 13,000 BP
  7. Serpent Mound
    • on hilltop near Cincinnati, OH
    • first mapped by Squier and Davis
    • excavated by Frederick W. Putnam
    • few artifacts and no burials
    • of Hopewell tradition
  8. Cahokia
    • Mississippian site in Illinois near St. Luis
    • excavated by Warren Moorhead
    • of Mississippian tradition
    • (includes Monk Mound)
  9. Chaco Canyon
    • in New Mexico
    • remote 9 mile long canyon with series of Ancient Pueblo sites
    • 2 types of settlement: Great Houses and villages
    • long-distance trade (turquiose, parrot feathers, copper)
  10. Pueblo Bonito
    • important Great House in Pueblo Bonito
    • large, planned settlement with over 600 rooms
  11. Palenque
    • occupied during the Classic Maya period
    • important center associated with the north (Maya world divided into 4)
    • architectural units: Group of the Cross (temple), Palace, Ballcourt
    • excavated by Alberto Ruz Lhuiller
  12. Chichén Itzá
    • Ballcourt: largest in Meso-America
    • Tzompantli (carved skulls): representations of skulls on racks (human sacrifice) (associated with warfare?)
  13. Teotihuacan
    • NOT constructed by Aztecs, but lies in same basin in the central highlands of Mexico
    • name of city given after its demise by Aztecs (Nahuatl for "city of the gods")
    • little known of inhabitants (Totonacs?)
    • reached peak around AD 500
    • Pyramid of the Sun
    • Pyramid of the Moon
    • Great Compound and Cuidadela
    • Temple of the Feathered Serpent (Queztalcoatl)
  14. Tenochtitlán
    • founded by Aztecs (Queztalcoatl, after a vision from Huitzilopochtli)
    • Nahuatl for "place of the fruit of the prickly pear cactus"
    • on an island in Lake Texcoco, with 4 stone bridges to it
    • became a multi-ethnic hub for craft production, redistribution, tribute and trade
  15. Cuzco
    • capital of Inca Empire: sacred center/home to the sun god (emperor would sit on athrone at the center and maintain order)
    • built by Sapa Inca Pachacuti
    • puma-shaped city- hurin and hanan sectors divided into 4 quarters
    • stonework incredibly sophisticated
  16. Machu Pichu
    • located on eastern frontier of Empire
    • 1983, UNESCO World Heritage site
    • 1908: “rediscovered” by Hiram Bingham; 1911: returned with Yale PeruvianExpedition
    • Wayna Capac- ruler
    • Francisco Pizarro fucked their shit up, cause of demise