The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. The characteristics of people as males and females.
  2. The sense of being male or female, which most children acuire by the time they are 3 years old.
    Gender identity
  3. A set of expectations that prescribes how females or males should think, act, and feel
    Gender role
  4. Acquisition of a traditional masculine or feminine role
    Gender typing
  5. Hormones, the most important of which is estradiol, that influence the development of female physical sex charactersitics and help regulate the menstrual cycle
  6. Hormones, the most important of which is testosterone, that promote the development of male genitals and secondary sex characteristics.
  7. When girls' adrenal glands enlarge, resulting in abnormally high levels of androgens. They vary in how much their genitals look like male or females.
    Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)
  8. When a small number of males don't have androgen cells in their bodies. Their bodies look female, they develop a female gender identity, and they usually are sexually attracted to males.
    Androgen-insensitive males
  9. A small number of newborns have this disorder, which in boys involves a missing penis.
    Pelvic field defect
  10. A theory stating that gender differences result from the contrasting roles of women and men – social hierarchy and division of labor strongly influence gender differences in power, assertiveness, and nurture.
    Social role theory
  11. A theory that stems from Freud's view that preschool children develop erotic feelings toward the opposite-sex parent. Eventually these feelings cause anxiety, so that at 5 or 6 years of age, children renouince these feelings and identify with the same-sex parent, unconsciously adopting the same-sex parent's characteristics.
    Psychoanalytic theory of gender
  12. This theory emphasizes that children's gender development occurs through observation and imitation of gender behavior and through rewards and punishments they experience for gender-appropriate and gender-inappropriate behavior.
    Social cognitive theory of gender
  13. Broad categories that reflect impressions and widely held beliefs about what behavior is appropriate for females and males.
    Gender stereotypes
  14. What traits associated with being male are labeled as, such as being independent, aggressive, and power oriented.
  15. Traits associated with females were labeled as this, include being warm and sensitive.
  16. Female brains are smaller, but have more folds, or...
  17. Involves harming someone by manipulating a relationship
    Relational aggression
  18. The language of conversation and a way of establishing connections and negotiating relationships; more characteristic of females than of males.
    Rapport talk
  19. Talk that conveys information; more characteristic of males than females.
    Report talk
  20. Language used to establish or maintain connections with others, such as showing support or expanding on a person's prior remarks.
    Affiliative speech
  21. Language used to influence others, such as directive statements or disagreements.
    Self-assertive speech
  22. The presence of masculine and feminine characteristics in the same person
  23. The view that when an individual's competence is at issue, it should be conceptualized on a personal basis rather than on the basis of masculinity, femininity, or androgyny.
    Gender-role transcendence
Card Set:
2012-12-10 16:16:08

Show Answers: