Study Cards for NT Final

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Study Cards for NT Final
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2012-12-10 18:04:08
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  1. Caitlin McEwen: New Testament Review Questions
    • What were the destinations of the third missionary journey in Acts 19-20?
    • Ephesus (3yrs)
    • Corinth again
  2. Where did Paul speak? How long and results?
    • First in the synagogue, then in a school
    • 2 yrs.
    • All Asia heard God’s word; many magic books burned
  3. Who led the riot against Paul?
    Demetrius
  4. What was his profession?
    Silversmith making idols of Artemis and Diana
  5. From where does Paul write 1 Corinthians? 2 Corinthians?
    • Ephesus
    • While traveling to Corinth
  6. What is the view of some scholars about Paul’s letters to Corinth?
    There may have been 4 in what we have as 2 letters
  7. Who wrote 1 Corinthians? From where? To whom?
    • Pau
    • From Ephesus during the 3rd journey
    • To the church at Corinth
  8. What was the background of Corinth? (Give 2 examples.)
    • Wickedness
    • Trade metropolis and crossroads—mixture of ideas
    • Fertility temple of Aphrodite—immorality was their worship
  9. What became the nickname for anyone without values?
    Corinthian
  10. How does the message of the cross affect unity in the body?
    The ground at the foot of the cross is level: everyone is a sinner, humbled and saved by Christ
  11. What were the major problems within the Corinthian church? (11 total)
    • Disunity and Immaturity
    • Man living with step-mother and tolerated within the fellowship
    • Lawsuits between believers
    • Immoral living
    • Uncertainty about Marriage/Divorce
    • Questions about eating meat offered to idols
    • Practice of idolatry
    • Male and female roles in the church
    • Drunkenness even at Communion
    • Confusion about spiritual gifts
    • Questioning of the Christian Resurrection
  12. What did Paul have to say regarding immoral living?
    You were washed and sanctified. Flee immorality. Your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit.
  13. What was Paul’s response to whether of not to eat meat that was offered to idols?
    If it causes your brother to stumble, then don’t do it!
  14. Was the early church ideal?
    NO!
  15. Where did Paul plan to travel to after Corinth?
    To Jerusalem, then Rome, then Spain
  16. What was significant about his traveling companions?
    They were people who became believers on his previous journeys
  17. What was significant about the breaking of bread on the first day of the week?
    • It was a Sunday
    • What was Paul’s warning to the Ephesian elders?
    • Seeds of dissention were in their church
  18. From where did Paul write Romans?
    Corinth; 3rd journey
  19. Who was it addressed to within the church?
    Jew and Gentile Believers
  20. When was the church most likely started?
    Before 50 AD, not sure…maybe at Pentecost (not by Paul or Peter)
  21. What is the most accurate description of Romans?
    The N.T.’s most carefully reasoned explanation of Righteousness through justification by Faith through Grace
  22. What did Paul have to say about sin/unrighteousness?
    • The wrath of God is being revealed against the wickedness
    • Jews with law written and Gentiles with law in hearts are all sinners
    • No one is justified by keeping the law
  23. How does justification occur?
    By Faith
  24. What does righteousness mean?
    Right standing before God
  25. What does faith mean?
    Not self-effort, but belief and trust in Jesus
  26. What does justified mean?
    • Legal term for pardon, acquittal, free from guilt (just as if you’ve never sinned)
    • Declared to be innocent b/c the penalty has been paid
  27. What does grace mean?
    Undeserved love
  28. What does redemption mean?
    To purchase back
  29. What does atonement mean?
    The price to pay for sin
  30. Who from the OT does Paul use to explain justification? (2)
    • Abraham
    • Adam
  31. Can we continue in sin?
    No! We have died to the old self and are now alive in Christ
  32. How many natures do we have?
    2- sinful and of the Spirit of God
  33. What is the ultimate solution to the sin?
    No further condemnation because of God’s spirit in us!
  34. Who is true Israel?
    Not the descendant of Abraham’s flesh, but those of faith
  35. What did the Jews pursue and what was the result?
    • Righteousness by self-effort
    • Stumbled over Christ
  36. How do the Gentiles obtain righteousness?
    Faith in Christ
  37. What is the means by which anyone is saved?
    Hearing the word of Christ and believing
  38. What is the meaning of all Israel being saved?
    • Elect Jews
    • Elect Jews and Gentiles
  39. What does you life as a living sacrifice equal?
    Worship
  40. What are some examples of practical living?
    • Spiritual gifts for ministry in the body
    • Believers’ love and acceptance of differences in Christian brothers
    • Submission to government
  41. Where does Paul plan to visit after Jerusalem?
    Rome
  42. Who imprisoned Paul in Caesarea?
    Felix
  43. Who did Paul appeal to?
    Caesar
  44. Where are the 3 testimonies of Paul?
    Acts 22, 24, 26
  45. Paul had a hearing before two men; one said, “You will persuade me to become a
    • Christian”?
    • Festus; Herod Agrippa II
  46. Where was the terrible storm? Where were they shipwrecked?
    • Near Crete
    • Malta
  47. What does Paul do while under house arrest (with much freedom) in Rome?
    Writes the prison letters
  48. What are the prison letters? (4)
    Philippians, Ephesians, Colossians, Philemon
  49. Where is Paul’s ministry in Rome found in the Bible?
    At the end of Act
  50. What most likely happened to Paul after Rome even though it is not in the Bible?
    • Release from house arrest
    • 4th missionary journey to Spain, Crete, Ephesus, etc.
  51. What are the Pastoral Letters? At what time did Paul write them?
    • 1 Timothy and Titus: as a free man
    • 2 Timothy: under arrest again
  52. Who executed Paul and when?
    • Emperor Nero
    • 66-68 AD
  53. Who wrote Philippians and when?
    Paul; 61 AD
  54. What was the purpose of Philippians?
    It was a thank you letter from Paul for the financial gift that they sent to him while he was in prison
  55. What is the Greek word that means “to empty”?
    Kenosis
  56. Where and when was Ephesians written?
    • Rome; 62 AD
    • What was the theme of Ephesians?
    • Every spiritual blessing to God’s church, the universal people of God
  57. What book is based off this concept?
    Sit, Walk, Stand
  58. What are some of the spiritual blessings that we have in Christ?
    Chosen, predestined, redeemed, sealed by the Holy Spirit
  59. What do these say about God’s character?
    Blesses, sovereign, holy, loving, predestining, his glory, redeeming, forgiving, wisdom, revealer, assurance/faithful
  60. What is our problem as addressed in Ephesians?
    Dead in sin
  61. What is God’s solution?
    Made alive in Christ (saved by grace through faith); now seated in Heaven
  62. What are the Jews and Gentiles in Christ?
    One new man
  63. Describe the roles of the family: husband, wife, and children?
    • Husband: love sacrificially
    • Wife: submit, respect
    • Children: obey, honor
  64. What are we supposed to do in order to withstand the attacks of the devil?
    Put on the armor of God
  65. Who carries the letter to Ephesus?
    Tychicus
  66. What is the implication of Col. 4: 7-9?
    • The letters of Ephesians, Colossians, and Philemon were all carried together
    • Who was the letter of Philemon written to?
    • Philemon, the slave owner
  67. Who was the runaway slave of Philemon, but now a Christian convert?
    Onesimus
  68. What does Paul say to Philemon?
    To receive back Onesimus as Free, applies some personal pressure
  69. What might be a possibility of why such a personal letter was included in the NT?
    After Paul died, a man named Onesimus became a church leader in Asia. It is possible that he was the collector of Paul letters and included this letter as a tribute to what Paul had dome for him
  70. What was known about the characteristics of Timothy?
    He was a faithful, spiritual son and a trusted troubleshooter.
  71. What was the purpose of 1 Timothy?
    Specific instructions on how Timothy was the teach the church and correct false teachers there
  72. Where is Timothy to correct problems?
    Ephesus
  73. What is mentioned as the number one function of the church that should be a
    • priority?
    • Prayer
  74. What was supposed to be the application of female modesty in the church?
    It was cultural female modesty not universal application
  75. What are 3 meanings for the part about women being silent in the church?
    • 1: Local cultural application was that Ephesian women were trying for newfound roles and possibly a part of the false teachings. Silent: by likening roles to that o Adam and Eve, what happened in the garden
    • 2: Universal application: women are not to be trusted with teaching
    • responsibility or authority over men
    • 3. Where men are lacking in spiritual leadership, women fill the gap: All spiritual gifts should be utilized for good in the Christian body, but should be culturally appropriate.
  76. What are the meanings of “women preserved through childbirth”?
    • Women’s personal fulfillment and influence as wife and mother
    • Women and men saved through a woman’s birthing of the Savior
    • Faith produces women’s safety in childbirth
  77. What are the 3 words used interchangeably in the NT for “elders”?
    Pastor, bishop, overseer
  78. What are the 3 qualities of an elder?
    • Male (assumedly)
    • Good manager of own family (1 wife)
    • Not a new convert
  79. What is the definition of a deacon?
    Servant, minister of church
  80. What is the final thought on whether people fall away?
    Whether formerly saved or not, not saved now!
  81. How old is Timothy when Paul writes to him about his youthfulness? How old when Timothy began traveling with Paul?
    35; 15
  82. How are people supposed to double honor the elders?
    Pay them!
  83. Description of 2 Timothy.
    Last and most tender letter written by Paul in prison and facing execution
  84. Who is with Paul? Who does he long to see?
    • Luke
    • Timothy
  85. How does Paul face his death?
    • No fear, self-pity, or doubt
    • Confident of his heavenly future
  86. What are the 2 emphases in 2 Timothy?
    • Challenge to Timothy to reproduce faithful disciples
    • Importance of the Word of God
  87. Who does Paul have reconciliation with?
    John Mark
  88. What is Paul’s final confidence?
    “I have kept the faith…crown for me.”
  89. What are the general epistles?
    Those letters in the N.T. written by persons other than Paul
  90. Who is the author of Hebrews?
    • Unknown
    • An acquaintance of Timothy from Italy
    • Possibilities: Paul, Barnabas, Apollos, or Priscilla?
  91. Who are the readers?
    Jewish Christians who were on the fence between their new Christian faith and possibly returning to Judaism
  92. What is the theme of Hebrews?
    Defense repeatedly showing the superiority of Jesus Christ over O.T. Traditions. Jesus is High Priest.
  93. List the things that Christ is superior to.
    Moses, Sabbath, Priesthood, blood sacrifice
  94. What is significant about chapter 11?
    The hall of fame of FAITH
  95. Who is James written by? To whom?
    • James, the half-brother of Jesus
    • Jewish Christians throughout the world
  96. What is the theme of James?
    Practical instructions on how to live because true belief necessitates works. Justified by works!?
  97. What was the problem in the church between the rich and the poor?
    Favoritism; discrimination based on factors that are not of God
  98. How is true belief proven?
    By works!
  99. What is the “equation” and application?
    • Belief---Salvation---Works
    • If the evidence of the works is not there then there is reason question the validity of true belief and salvation.
  100. How do you tame the tongue?
    Change your heart
  101. What is equal to worldly desire?
    Adultery with God
  102. What is the solution?
    Humble yourselves
  103. What are the two interpretations of prayer with oil?
    • Oil as a medicine
    • Oil as an aid to faith
  104. Who were the author and audience of 1 Peter?
    • Peter
    • Believers in Asia Minor
  105. What was the purpose of 1 Peter?
    Hope and encouragement to stand firm through suffering because of Nero’s persecution of the Christians
  106. In which chapters does Peter state that there is no immunity to suffering for the followers of Christ?
    All: 1-5
  107. What does peter mean by submit to the government even in the face of suffering? (What to do when they contradict)
    • God is priority. Obey God by following his commands
    • Obey the government by submitting to its punishment
  108. Who is the probable scribe?
    Silas
  109. What does written from “Babylon” mean?
    Written from Rome
  110. Who is called the author’s son?
    Mark
  111. What is the purpose of 2 Peter?
    How to deal with false teachers in the church
  112. What is questioned and why?
    • Authorship
    • Style differs
  113. What was the purpose of 1 John?
    To reassure the faith of Christians which was shaken by false Gnostic belief
  114. What was its one emphasis?
    Jesus Christ’s humanity
  115. What was Gnosticism?
    A pervading dualistic Greek philosophy which affected believers understanding of Christ
  116. What is dualism?
    Good (spiritual) vs. evil (physical)
  117. What was the problem with this philosophy?
    Christ’s humanity denied
  118. How could he be both God (spirit) and human (physical)?
    • How do they view salvation
    • Knowing, not doing
    • Implication problems: asceticism and licentiousness
  119. What are the three main points is 1 John?
    • Christ’s humanity
    • Admitting sin
    • Obedient activity of believers
  120. What does john call anyone who denies Christ?
    Antichrist
  121. What is the test for false prophets?
    They deny fleshly Jesus
  122. What does it mean to walk in the light? (3)
    • To walk as He walked,
    • To have fellowship with one another
    • To be cleaned by the blood of Jesus
  123. What are the 3 specific proofs of being born of God?
    • Obedience to God’s commands/changed life
    • Believing in Jesus Christ
    • Loving the brothers and sisters in Christ
  124. Who is the author of Revelation?
    John
  125. Who was the emperor? What was he doing to Christians?
    • Domitian
    • Enforcing emperor worship; persecution
  126. What is the purpose of Revelation?
    John’s testimony encourages believers to overcome being certain of eventual victory
  127. What type of literature is Revelation?
    Apocalyptic
  128. What is the conflict that it describes?
    Good vs. Evil where good will ultimately triumph
  129. What 3 devices do this highly symbolic writing use?
    • Visions
    • Numbers
    • Colors
  130. Concerning Visions… Explain the following symbols: stars, lampstands, lamb, dragon, beasts, great prostitute, bride of Christ
    • Stars: angels
    • Lampstands: churches
    • Lamb: Jesus
    • Dragon: Satan
    • Beasts: Satan’s agents
    • Great prostitute: “Babylon”-Rome
    • Bride of Christ: believers
  131. Concerning Numbers… Explain the following: 7, 6, 12
    • 7: perfection/completeness
    • 6: imperfection; evil
    • 12: indwelling of God in his people (12 tribes, 12 apostles)
  132. Concerning Colors… Explain the following: red, white, black, pale.
    • Red: blood
    • White: purity
    • Black: famine
    • Pale: death
  133. What are the 3 images from the OT that are most used in Revelation?
    • Four living creatures (Ezekiel)
    • Plagues (Exodus)
    • Tree of life (Genesis)
  134. What is the unique means to encourage the believers to overcome?
    Songs of Worship: expressing praise to God and certainty in heaven even while there is great pain on earth
  135. What are the four different interpretation of Revelation?
    • Preterist
    • Historicist
    • Futurist
    • Idealist
  136. Describe the Preterist approach.
    Exclusively 1st century events
  137. Describe the Historicist approach.
    Chain of events though all history (linear events)
  138. Describe the Futurist approach.
    Exclusively end times
  139. Describe the Idealist approach.
    Historical images teaching timeless truths (cyclical events)
  140. What are some of the pictures of misery in earth?
    Seals, trumpets, dragon, beast, bowls of wrath
  141. What are some of the pictures of heaven?
    • The people of God (Lamb’s 144,000)
    • Praise to God
  142. What 3 things occur at the end of Revelation?
    • The final destruction of Satan
    • The establishment of the new Jerusalem
    • The blessing for those who overcome
  143. What are the 3 millennial views? Describe.
    • Post-millennial is when Christ will come back
    • Pre-millennial “ ”
    • Pre-Trib, Mid-Trib, Post-Trib
    • A-millennial: God’s rule in his people not a literal kingdom; 1,000 years is spiritual

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