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Caitlin McEwen: New Testament Review Questions
- What were the destinations of the third missionary journey in Acts 19-20?
- Ephesus (3yrs)
- Corinth again
Where did Paul speak? How long and results?
- First in the synagogue, then in a school
- 2 yrs.
- All Asia heard God’s word; many magic books burned
Who led the riot against Paul?
What was his profession?
Silversmith making idols of Artemis and Diana
From where does Paul write 1 Corinthians? 2 Corinthians?
- While traveling to Corinth
What is the view of some scholars about Paul’s letters to Corinth?
There may have been 4 in what we have as 2 letters
Who wrote 1 Corinthians? From where? To whom?
- From Ephesus during the 3rd journey
- To the church at Corinth
What was the background of Corinth? (Give 2 examples.)
- Trade metropolis and crossroads—mixture of ideas
- Fertility temple of Aphrodite—immorality was their worship
What became the nickname for anyone without values?
How does the message of the cross affect unity in the body?
The ground at the foot of the cross is level: everyone is a sinner, humbled and saved by Christ
What were the major problems within the Corinthian church? (11 total)
- Disunity and Immaturity
- Man living with step-mother and tolerated within the fellowship
- Lawsuits between believers
- Immoral living
- Uncertainty about Marriage/Divorce
- Questions about eating meat offered to idols
- Practice of idolatry
- Male and female roles in the church
- Drunkenness even at Communion
- Confusion about spiritual gifts
- Questioning of the Christian Resurrection
What did Paul have to say regarding immoral living?
You were washed and sanctified. Flee immorality. Your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit.
What was Paul’s response to whether of not to eat meat that was offered to idols?
If it causes your brother to stumble, then don’t do it!
Was the early church ideal?
Where did Paul plan to travel to after Corinth?
To Jerusalem, then Rome, then Spain
What was significant about his traveling companions?
They were people who became believers on his previous journeys
What was significant about the breaking of bread on the first day of the week?
- It was a Sunday
- What was Paul’s warning to the Ephesian elders?
- Seeds of dissention were in their church
From where did Paul write Romans?
Corinth; 3rd journey
Who was it addressed to within the church?
Jew and Gentile Believers
When was the church most likely started?
Before 50 AD, not sure…maybe at Pentecost (not by Paul or Peter)
What is the most accurate description of Romans?
The N.T.’s most carefully reasoned explanation of Righteousness through justification by Faith through Grace
What did Paul have to say about sin/unrighteousness?
- The wrath of God is being revealed against the wickedness
- Jews with law written and Gentiles with law in hearts are all sinners
- No one is justified by keeping the law
How does justification occur?
What does righteousness mean?
Right standing before God
What does faith mean?
Not self-effort, but belief and trust in Jesus
What does justified mean?
- Legal term for pardon, acquittal, free from guilt (just as if you’ve never sinned)
- Declared to be innocent b/c the penalty has been paid
What does grace mean?
What does redemption mean?
To purchase back
What does atonement mean?
The price to pay for sin
Who from the OT does Paul use to explain justification? (2)
Can we continue in sin?
No! We have died to the old self and are now alive in Christ
How many natures do we have?
2- sinful and of the Spirit of God
What is the ultimate solution to the sin?
No further condemnation because of God’s spirit in us!
Who is true Israel?
Not the descendant of Abraham’s flesh, but those of faith
What did the Jews pursue and what was the result?
- Righteousness by self-effort
- Stumbled over Christ
How do the Gentiles obtain righteousness?
Faith in Christ
What is the means by which anyone is saved?
Hearing the word of Christ and believing
What is the meaning of all Israel being saved?
- Elect Jews
- Elect Jews and Gentiles
What does you life as a living sacrifice equal?
What are some examples of practical living?
- Spiritual gifts for ministry in the body
- Believers’ love and acceptance of differences in Christian brothers
- Submission to government
Where does Paul plan to visit after Jerusalem?
Who imprisoned Paul in Caesarea?
Who did Paul appeal to?
Where are the 3 testimonies of Paul?
Acts 22, 24, 26
Paul had a hearing before two men; one said, “You will persuade me to become a
- Festus; Herod Agrippa II
Where was the terrible storm? Where were they shipwrecked?
What does Paul do while under house arrest (with much freedom) in Rome?
Writes the prison letters
What are the prison letters? (4)
Philippians, Ephesians, Colossians, Philemon
Where is Paul’s ministry in Rome found in the Bible?
At the end of Act
What most likely happened to Paul after Rome even though it is not in the Bible?
- Release from house arrest
- 4th missionary journey to Spain, Crete, Ephesus, etc.
What are the Pastoral Letters? At what time did Paul write them?
- 1 Timothy and Titus: as a free man
- 2 Timothy: under arrest again
Who executed Paul and when?
Who wrote Philippians and when?
Paul; 61 AD
What was the purpose of Philippians?
It was a thank you letter from Paul for the financial gift that they sent to him while he was in prison
What is the Greek word that means “to empty”?
Where and when was Ephesians written?
- Rome; 62 AD
- What was the theme of Ephesians?
- Every spiritual blessing to God’s church, the universal people of God
What book is based off this concept?
Sit, Walk, Stand
What are some of the spiritual blessings that we have in Christ?
Chosen, predestined, redeemed, sealed by the Holy Spirit
What do these say about God’s character?
Blesses, sovereign, holy, loving, predestining, his glory, redeeming, forgiving, wisdom, revealer, assurance/faithful
What is our problem as addressed in Ephesians?
Dead in sin
What is God’s solution?
Made alive in Christ (saved by grace through faith); now seated in Heaven
What are the Jews and Gentiles in Christ?
One new man
Describe the roles of the family: husband, wife, and children?
- Husband: love sacrificially
- Wife: submit, respect
- Children: obey, honor
What are we supposed to do in order to withstand the attacks of the devil?
Put on the armor of God
Who carries the letter to Ephesus?
What is the implication of Col. 4: 7-9?
- The letters of Ephesians, Colossians, and Philemon were all carried together
- Who was the letter of Philemon written to?
- Philemon, the slave owner
Who was the runaway slave of Philemon, but now a Christian convert?
What does Paul say to Philemon?
To receive back Onesimus as Free, applies some personal pressure
What might be a possibility of why such a personal letter was included in the NT?
After Paul died, a man named Onesimus became a church leader in Asia. It is possible that he was the collector of Paul letters and included this letter as a tribute to what Paul had dome for him
What was known about the characteristics of Timothy?
He was a faithful, spiritual son and a trusted troubleshooter.
What was the purpose of 1 Timothy?
Specific instructions on how Timothy was the teach the church and correct false teachers there
Where is Timothy to correct problems?
What is mentioned as the number one function of the church that should be a
What was supposed to be the application of female modesty in the church?
It was cultural female modesty not universal application
What are 3 meanings for the part about women being silent in the church?
- 1: Local cultural application was that Ephesian women were trying for newfound roles and possibly a part of the false teachings. Silent: by likening roles to that o Adam and Eve, what happened in the garden
- 2: Universal application: women are not to be trusted with teaching
- responsibility or authority over men
- 3. Where men are lacking in spiritual leadership, women fill the gap: All spiritual gifts should be utilized for good in the Christian body, but should be culturally appropriate.
What are the meanings of “women preserved through childbirth”?
- Women’s personal fulfillment and influence as wife and mother
- Women and men saved through a woman’s birthing of the Savior
- Faith produces women’s safety in childbirth
What are the 3 words used interchangeably in the NT for “elders”?
Pastor, bishop, overseer
What are the 3 qualities of an elder?
- Male (assumedly)
- Good manager of own family (1 wife)
- Not a new convert
What is the definition of a deacon?
Servant, minister of church
What is the final thought on whether people fall away?
Whether formerly saved or not, not saved now!
How old is Timothy when Paul writes to him about his youthfulness? How old when Timothy began traveling with Paul?
How are people supposed to double honor the elders?
Description of 2 Timothy.
Last and most tender letter written by Paul in prison and facing execution
Who is with Paul? Who does he long to see?
How does Paul face his death?
- No fear, self-pity, or doubt
- Confident of his heavenly future
What are the 2 emphases in 2 Timothy?
- Challenge to Timothy to reproduce faithful disciples
- Importance of the Word of God
Who does Paul have reconciliation with?
What is Paul’s final confidence?
“I have kept the faith…crown for me.”
What are the general epistles?
Those letters in the N.T. written by persons other than Paul
Who is the author of Hebrews?
- An acquaintance of Timothy from Italy
- Possibilities: Paul, Barnabas, Apollos, or Priscilla?
Who are the readers?
Jewish Christians who were on the fence between their new Christian faith and possibly returning to Judaism
What is the theme of Hebrews?
Defense repeatedly showing the superiority of Jesus Christ over O.T. Traditions. Jesus is High Priest.
List the things that Christ is superior to.
Moses, Sabbath, Priesthood, blood sacrifice
What is significant about chapter 11?
The hall of fame of FAITH
Who is James written by? To whom?
- James, the half-brother of Jesus
- Jewish Christians throughout the world
What is the theme of James?
Practical instructions on how to live because true belief necessitates works. Justified by works!?
What was the problem in the church between the rich and the poor?
Favoritism; discrimination based on factors that are not of God
How is true belief proven?
What is the “equation” and application?
- If the evidence of the works is not there then there is reason question the validity of true belief and salvation.
How do you tame the tongue?
Change your heart
What is equal to worldly desire?
Adultery with God
What is the solution?
What are the two interpretations of prayer with oil?
- Oil as a medicine
- Oil as an aid to faith
Who were the author and audience of 1 Peter?
- Believers in Asia Minor
What was the purpose of 1 Peter?
Hope and encouragement to stand firm through suffering because of Nero’s persecution of the Christians
In which chapters does Peter state that there is no immunity to suffering for the followers of Christ?
What does peter mean by submit to the government even in the face of suffering? (What to do when they contradict)
- God is priority. Obey God by following his commands
- Obey the government by submitting to its punishment
Who is the probable scribe?
What does written from “Babylon” mean?
Written from Rome
Who is called the author’s son?
What is the purpose of 2 Peter?
How to deal with false teachers in the church
What is questioned and why?
What was the purpose of 1 John?
To reassure the faith of Christians which was shaken by false Gnostic belief
What was its one emphasis?
Jesus Christ’s humanity
What was Gnosticism?
A pervading dualistic Greek philosophy which affected believers understanding of Christ
What is dualism?
Good (spiritual) vs. evil (physical)
What was the problem with this philosophy?
Christ’s humanity denied
How could he be both God (spirit) and human (physical)?
- How do they view salvation
- Knowing, not doing
- Implication problems: asceticism and licentiousness
What are the three main points is 1 John?
- Christ’s humanity
- Admitting sin
- Obedient activity of believers
What does john call anyone who denies Christ?
What is the test for false prophets?
They deny fleshly Jesus
What does it mean to walk in the light? (3)
- To walk as He walked,
- To have fellowship with one another
- To be cleaned by the blood of Jesus
What are the 3 specific proofs of being born of God?
- Obedience to God’s commands/changed life
- Believing in Jesus Christ
- Loving the brothers and sisters in Christ
Who is the author of Revelation?
Who was the emperor? What was he doing to Christians?
- Enforcing emperor worship; persecution
What is the purpose of Revelation?
John’s testimony encourages believers to overcome being certain of eventual victory
What type of literature is Revelation?
What is the conflict that it describes?
Good vs. Evil where good will ultimately triumph
What 3 devices do this highly symbolic writing use?
Concerning Visions… Explain the following symbols: stars, lampstands, lamb, dragon, beasts, great prostitute, bride of Christ
- Stars: angels
- Lampstands: churches
- Lamb: Jesus
- Dragon: Satan
- Beasts: Satan’s agents
- Great prostitute: “Babylon”-Rome
- Bride of Christ: believers
Concerning Numbers… Explain the following: 7, 6, 12
- 7: perfection/completeness
- 6: imperfection; evil
- 12: indwelling of God in his people (12 tribes, 12 apostles)
Concerning Colors… Explain the following: red, white, black, pale.
- Red: blood
- White: purity
- Black: famine
- Pale: death
What are the 3 images from the OT that are most used in Revelation?
- Four living creatures (Ezekiel)
- Plagues (Exodus)
- Tree of life (Genesis)
What is the unique means to encourage the believers to overcome?
Songs of Worship: expressing praise to God and certainty in heaven even while there is great pain on earth
What are the four different interpretation of Revelation?
Describe the Preterist approach.
Exclusively 1st century events
Describe the Historicist approach.
Chain of events though all history (linear events)
Describe the Futurist approach.
Exclusively end times
Describe the Idealist approach.
Historical images teaching timeless truths (cyclical events)
What are some of the pictures of misery in earth?
Seals, trumpets, dragon, beast, bowls of wrath
What are some of the pictures of heaven?
- The people of God (Lamb’s 144,000)
- Praise to God
What 3 things occur at the end of Revelation?
- The final destruction of Satan
- The establishment of the new Jerusalem
- The blessing for those who overcome
What are the 3 millennial views? Describe.
- Post-millennial is when Christ will come back
- Pre-millennial “ ”
- Pre-Trib, Mid-Trib, Post-Trib
- A-millennial: God’s rule in his people not a literal kingdom; 1,000 years is spiritual