Card Set Information
Music Section I
What is pitch
The highness of loweness of a sound
What is the distance between the pitch A, and the next higher or lower A?
Octave (A,B,C,D,E,F,G.. A<------)
How are pitches represented in terms of frequency
Few pitches have a single frequency. Most are a dominant frequency with other faint frequencies
When looking at an Octave of a low A going to a high A. What is the low A called? What is the presence of the higher pitches called?
; the higher pitches which accompany the dominant
What is it called when an Octave is divided into 12 equal parts
equal temperament tuning
What are the 12 pitches of equal temperament tuning called
the Chromatic Scale
What is it called when two notes are identical in pitch? (Eb and D#)
Within the chromatic scale, their is 7 basic pitches. How are they organized
In ascending order (low to high)
What is the most common scale? What are the basic pitches?
C Major is the basic scale.
What is the
It is the pitch with the 7th power in a scale.
: C^1, D^2, E^3, F^4, G^5, A^6,
What is the
The point of repose and completion of a scale.
What is the
Dominant pitch is the pitch with the 5th power in a scale
: C^1, D^2, E^3, F^4,
, A^6, B^7, C
What is the distance between any two pitches called
What is the unit of measurement of an interval
Half Step (semitone)
Think of semitone as, two halfsteps make a whole tone. So a halfstep is "semi" of a whole
In what two ways can an interval be seen
Harmonic (two pitches.. at the same damn time)
Melodic (two pitches in succession)
What can a scale be described as
A succession of whole and halfsteps
What is the basic order of intervals in a Major Scale
Whole, Whole, Half, Whole, Whole, Whole, Half
M2, M2, m2, M2, M2, M2, m2
What are the pitches of a C Major? What are the pitches of a Bb Major?
What is the basic intervals of a Harmonic Minor scale
Whole, Half, Whole, Whole, Half, Whole and Half, Half
M2, m2, M2, M2, m2, m3, m2
(Whole and Half can be thought of as minor 3rd or augmented 2nd. It all depends on the pitches within the scale)
What are the pitches of a C Harmonic Minor
What are the basic intervals of a Natural Minor
Whole, Half, Whole, Whole, Half, Whole, Whole
M2, m2, M2, M2, m2, M2, M2
What are the pitches of a F Natural Minor
When a Major scale, and Minor scale use the same pitches within the scale, but only have different Tonics. It is called what?
relative major and minor
What is it called when Major and Minor scales have the same Tonic
What is the oscillation between Major and Minor scales called?
peremennost, (alternation) typical of Russian folk music
What is a melody
A succession of pitches that sound like they forma whole
What is Conjunct? What is Disjunct?
Conjunct is when a melody moves in smooth intervals (whole and halfsteps)
Disjunct is when a melody moves in irregular intervals and leaps (using anything from minor 3rds to a major 10th)
What is the register?
High, middle and low parts of an instruments range.
Going from the fundamental to the next highest pitch and continuing until you complete the octave
What is music organized over time?
What is Beat?
A steady pulse which underlies most music. Sometimes audible, sometimes not
What is the speed of the beat called?
Define each of the following common tempo markings.
Presto, Allegro, Moderato, Andante, Adagio, Lento or Grave
: Very Fast
: "at walkings tempo"
Lento or Grave
: Very Slow
What are beats grouped in?
Measures, (unformally, bars) which are seperated into bar lines
What is the first beat in a measure?
The strongest beat, or, the
What is it called when the first spoken word falls before the downbeat
What defines the meter in a measure
Consists of two numbers, upper is beats per minute, lower is duration of one beat
When is a rhythem syncopated
When accented or emphasized notes fall on weak beats
What is another name for polyrhythem? When does it occur?
Two conflicting rhythem patterns are present at the same time