Chapter 11 - Human Exceptionality

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Chapter 11 - Human Exceptionality
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2012-12-11 09:22:06
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  1. Orthopedic Impairment
    involves skeletal system
  2. Neuromotor Impairment
    involves CNS affects ability to move, use, feel or control certain parts of the body
  3. Chronic conditions
    long-lasting, most often permanent conditions
  4. Acute Conditions
    may produce severe and debilitating symptoms is of limited duration
  5. Other Health Impairment
    limited strength, vitality, or alertness due to chronic or acute health problems
  6. 504 plan
    students do not require specialized educational services -- just accomodations in the classroom
  7. Severe Orthopedic Impairments include:
    • Cerebral Palsy
    • Spina Bifida
    • Hydrocephalus
    • Muscular Dystrophy
    • Spinal cord injuries
  8. Cerebral Palsy
    • disorder of voluntary movement and posture
    • most prevalent physical disability in school age children
  9. Spina Bifida
    vertebrae do not enclose the spinal cord
  10. Hydrocephalus
    cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in tissues surrounding the brain
  11. Muscular Dystrophy
    • progressive weakening and degeneration of the muscles
    • little relation between impairment nand intellectual development
  12. Spinal cord injuries
    caused by penetrating injury, fracture, stretching, or compression of spinal cord
  13. Other Health Impairments include:
    • Seizure disorder
    • Diabetes
    • Asthma
    • Cystic Fibrosis
    • HIV and AIDs
    • ADHD
  14. Seizure Disorder
    CAused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain
  15. Diabetes
    • chronic disorder of metabolism
    • body unable to obtain and retain adequate energy from food
  16. Asthma
    chronic lung disease resulting in a narrowing of airways
  17. Cystic Fibrosis
    Body's endocrine glands excrete thick mucus that can block the lungs and parts of the digestive system
  18. HIV and AIDS
    break down in the immune system prevents the body from fighting infections
  19. ADHD
    persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is more frequently displayed and is more severe than is typically observed in individuals at a comparable level of development
  20. 3 subtypes of ADHD:
    • Inattentive type
    • Hyperactive-impulsive type
    • Combined type
  21. ADHD Predominantly Inattentive Type
    Used if 6 or more symptoms of inattention have persistaed for at least 6 months
  22. ADHD Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type
    Used if 6 or more symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity have persisted for at least 6 months
  23. ADHD Combined Type
    6 or more symptoms of hyperactiovity-impulsivity have persisted for at least 6 months
  24. Behavioral Interventions
    • Applied Behavioral Analysis
    • Positive Reinforcement
  25. Important factors that affect educational needs
    • Age of onset
    • Visibility
    • Severity
  26. Transdisciplinary Team
    • Physical and Occupational Therapists
    • Speech therapists
    • Health care aides
    • and other specialist who frequently provides services to these students
  27. Physical Therapists are in charge of the
    development and maintenance of motor skills, movement, and posture
  28. Occupational Therapists are in charge of
    the child's participation in activities, especially those that will be useful in self-help, employment, recreation, communication and aspects of daily living
  29. Assistive Technology device
    any item, piece of equipment or product system whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified or customuzed, that is used to increase, maintain or improve the functional capabilities of a child with a disability
  30. Assistive technology service
    any service that directly assists a child with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device
  31. Low tech
    flexible drinking straw, adapted eating utensils, wheelchair, glasses, a "grabber" or "reacher"
  32. Individualized Health Care Plan
    identifies special health related needs

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