Lorena's study guide

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Lorena's study guide
2012-12-11 05:52:08
olson exam

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  1. Hemiplegia
    total paralysis on same side of body
  2. Hemiparesis
    total weakness of the side of body
  3. Dysarthria
    hard time forming words. motor disorder.
  4. Expressive Aphasia
    can't comprehend or speak words
  5. receptive aphasia
    can talk and speak, can't comprehend written language.
  6. hemianopsia
    loss of vision in half of one or both eyes
  7. Class of Antihypertensives that cause hyperkalemia 
    aldosterone receptor blocker.
  8. Complications with pernicious anemia?

    soft tongue
  9. Bruton's disease. B or T cell defiency?
  10. Sulfonylureas. What do they do?
    beta cells to secrete insulin.
  11. Biguanides. What are these for?
    tissue sensitivity. does not increase insulin
  12. Acarbose is a Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitor. What does it do?
    delay absorption of carbs in the intestine.
  13. What is Metformin? Sulfonylurea or a biguanide?
  14. What is the difference between biguanides (metformin) and Thiazolidinediones ?
    Both sensitize tissue to insulin. 

    Bigs reduce glucose production from liver

    Thiaz stimulate insuline receptor sites
  15. Which works on the pancreas? Sulfonys or Biguanides?
  16. Which works on the liver? Sulfonys or Biguanides?
  17. What count is elevated in hemolytic anemias?
  18. Is bilirubin increased or decreased in hemolytic anemia like sickle cell?
  19. Sources of Vitamin K
    Kale, Spinach, Collards, Swiss chard, Mustard greens, Turnip greens, Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Cabbage, Asparagus
  20. What kinda pain is common with IVIG?
    Back pain
  21. CVID (common variable immunodeficiency) is associated with what anemia?
  22. What is acute lymphocytic lymphoma?
    Uncontrolled proliferation of immature cells from lymphoid stem cell. 

    Means can't produce the healthy WBC.
  23. What is chronic lymphocytic leukemia? Is it the most common, or is acute lympho? 
    The B-cells are mature, but they aren't dying. This is most common. ALL is common in children.
  24. What is the difference between primary and secondary immunodeficiencies?
    Primary is genetic. Secondary is external factors.
  25. What is the reading for prehypertention?
    • 120-139/
    • 80-89
  26. What is the difference b/t atopic and non-atopic disorders?
    Atopy you could produce IgE

    non- you can't.
  27. What is type one hypersensitivity?
  28. What is type two hypersensitivity? example?

    pernicicous anemia
  29. What is type three hypersensitivity? example?
    immune complex. rheumatoid
  30. What is type four hypersensitivity? example
    delayed. graft vs host disease
  31. How many days to look out for for GVHD
    100 days
  32. What electrolyte imbalances result from tumor lysis syndrome?
    • hyperkalemia, (high K)
    • hyperphosphatemia (high Phos)
    • hypocalcemia, (low Ca++)
    • hyperuricemia
  33. What is the difference between active and passive immunity?
    Active you get from vaccines and the disease itself. 

    Passive you get from mother fetus, breast milk, IVIG.