Cranial Nerves

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Author:
krp241
ID:
188674
Filename:
Cranial Nerves
Updated:
2012-12-11 03:37:36
Tags:
HAP
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Description:
Cranial Nerves
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  1. Nerve I
    Olefactory (sensory)

    • Not routinely checked.
    • Assess Patency First
    • ID odors bilaterally
    • Older Adults have a decreased sense.
  2. Nerve II
    Optic Nerve (Sensory)

    • Visual Acuity
    • Confrontation
  3. Nerve III
    Oculomotor (Mixed)

    • EOM Movement
    • Pupil Constriction

    (3,4,6 apart of PERRLA, EOM and Pupil Size)
  4. Nerve IV
    Trochlear (Motor)

    • Accomidation
    • Downward Movement

    (3,4,6 apart of PERRLA, EOM and Pupil Size)
  5. Nerve VI
    Abducens (Motor)

    Lateral Movement

    (3,4,6 apart of PERRLA, EOM and Pupil Size)
  6. Nerve V
    Trigeminal  (Mixed)

    • Mastication
    • Facial Sensory
  7. Nerve VII
    Facial (Mixed)

    Motor: Smile, life eyebrows, show teeth
  8. Nerve VIII
    Acoustic or Vestibulocochlear Nerve (Sensory)

    Whisper Test/ Hearing
  9. Nerve IX
    Glossopharyngeal (Mixed)

    Apart of phonation and swallowing

    (9,10: Depress tongue, say "aah," voice sounds smooth and not strained, gag reflex)
  10. Nerve X
    Vagus Nerve (Mixed)

    Apart of Talking and Swallowing

    (9,10: Depress tongue, say "aah," voice sounds smooth and not strained, gag reflex)
  11. Nerve XI
    Spinal/ Accessory Nerve (Motor)

    • Head movement
    • Shoulder Shrug
  12. Nerve XII
    Hypoglossal (Motor)

    • Stick out Tongue
    • "Light, Tight, Dynamite"
  13. Cerebellar Function
    Tests Balance, Coordination

    Gait test, Romberg Test, Tandem Walking, Knee Bend, Rapid Alternative Movements
  14. Posterior Column Tests
    • Vibration: Tuning Fork
    • Position: Kinesthesia
    • Stereognosis: Keys
    • Graphesthesia: Trace # on palm
    • Two point discrimination: Paper Clip
    • Extinction: Both Sides
    • Point Location
  15. Reflexes
    Main: Patellar (Knee), Plantar (foot)

    Can check: Bicepts, Triceps, Brachaiordialis, Achilles, Abdominal, Cremaster.

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