Sociology Final

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  1. to acquire a sociological imaginiation is to
    devel the ability to shift perspectives
  2. what is a dialectical relationship
  3. list 4 types of social class
    • upper class
    • middle class
    • workign class
    • under class
  4. what is the operative concept in "definition of situation"
  5. define anomie
    state of normlessness due to rapid social change
  6. list Mill's 3 qs as discussed relative to the sociological imaginiation
    • what is the structure of the particular society
    • what kind of people thrive in this society
    • where does this society stand relative to other societies in history
  7. the indigenous people of the United states relation to the so-called dominant group historically is informed by 
    conquest       annexation      voluntary immigation     involuntary immigration
  8. incorperation an ex, list the 3 processes in the social construction of reality
    • externalization - the law is written down and made public
    • objectification - society obeys the law and understands consequenses of not doing so
    • internalization - society follows/abides by the law even in the absense of law-enforcement
  9. ..... is a micro oriented perspective

    symbolic interactionism, structural functionalism, marxism
    symbolic interactinoism
  10. list 4 attributes of social structure exvluding race, class, gender
    religion, region, proffesssion, health care
  11. the impetus of social achange according ot marx is...

    false consciousness, the social contract, the conmmodification of social life, the raising of class consciousness
    the raising of class consciousness
  12. list mead's 3 stages of self
    • pre-stage - immitation
    • play stage - role taking/scripted behavior
    • game stage - role playing
  13. ... is the vehicle of socialization 
    the sociological imaginiation, social structure, self, social interaction
    social interaction
  14. what is the core assumption about the nature of social reality.
    epistemology, phrenology, ontology, axiology
  15. why might one argue that we are first confronted w/ identity crisis in the transcendentalist era
    • hidden self
    • turn away from society to seek personal fufillment, but w/o socialization it is hard to have reflected appraisals from which to judge one's self by
  16. ..... changed society in order to seek fulfillment in this life, in effect, ushering in a secular model of fulfillment ot challenge the trad spiritual of fulfillment

    the middle ages, teh romantics, teh transcendentalists, the new agers
    the romantics
  17. list 3 main areas from which we derive our identity
    • work
    • spirituality
    • love relationships
  18. list Rosenber's 4 principles of self-concept
    • reflected appraisals
    • attribution
    • psychological centrality
    • social comparisons
  19. ... refers to the internal conversation we have with ourselves

    social interaction, symbolic interaction, societal reaction, alienation
    symbolic interaction
  20. what are the 4 forms of Alienation
    • i)       From product – result = theft, sabotage the
    • product

    • ii)   From process of production – from the job
    • itself, result = calling in sick, poor job performance

    • iii)    From community – suggestion that work may
    • distort/impede your own social relationships. Can take up time, can put you on
    • the spot (chickfila cow costume)

    • iv) From self – working retail/waiting tables you’re
    • selling emotions. Hoghschiud Feeling rules – emotional norms, people are made to sell emotions work (to change in
    • degree or quality one’s emotion to fit the feeling rule). Ex: modeling, you are no longer in control over your own image.
  21. modernism
    • Result of enlightenment, birth of rationality, modern
    • science
    • Society = whole, coherent entity
    • Knowledge is created through the quantification of phenomenon
    • production
  22. postmodernism
    • -   Rejection of absolute, black/white thinking
    • -   Highlights fragmentation of self
    • -   Pluralism, Cultural contradictions
    • -   Most efficient means = not always best
    • (standardization of edu)
    • -  Knowledge comes from experiences, ect, not just
    • science.
    • -   Reproduction
    • -   Multiculturalism – lending a voice to the “other”
    • Cultural contradictions (about core values)
  23. Societal reaction perspective
    • deviance/crime isn’t an act, but the labeling of
    • an act.
    • Deviance as a label
    • Labeling theory
    • Label (expectancy cue)→ stigma (negative
    • connotations of the label) → social distance (degree of distance) →self-fulfilling prophecy (internalization of the false definition of situation)
    • Primary deviance – the original act that causes
    • the label
    • secondary deviance -  leads to reciduism
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Sociology Final

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