EDP Final

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EDP Final
2012-12-11 15:37:07
EDP education

Studying for my EDP final exam
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  1. Which theoretical assumption are you making if you think a child is outgoing because of how he/she was raised?
    Personality is determined by nurture.
  2. You ask children from three different age groups (10,12 and 14 year olds) to memorize a number series. Which research design are you using?
  3. In what type of study can you examine the effects of both age and generation?
    Longitudinal - Sequential
  4. Validity answers which question?
    Does the test measure what it is supposed to measure?
  5. Explaining all the features of a research study to the participants, allowing the participants to ask questions and aquiring written consent of the parent or legal guardian of participants are all involved in what?
    Informed consent.
  6. If a concept is universal, then it has the same meaning across what?
  7. What is the approach that assumes similarities exist across cultures?
  8. This approach studies how biological, psychological and social factors operate together to produce growth and change through reciprocal interaction.
  9. Examining the multiple interactions among neighbors, teachers, peers and family members is a study at the level of what?
  10. Which free-time activity is most likely to promote positive adjustment among school-age children?
    Hobbies and sports programs.
  11. During middle childhood, physical growth is usually what?
  12. Considering the amount of strain school age children typically place on their bones due to high activity, what is an advantage of physical development in this period?
    Partial Ossification
  13. The ability of neurons adjacent to damaged tissue to change their structure in order to support new and different tasks is referred to as what?
  14. School age children experience improved perceptual-motor skills because they are better able to do what?
    Process visual information, integrate information frmo many senses, and discriminate among sensory inputs.
  15. To reach minimal nutrition goals, school age children should eat when? 
    4-5 small meals with healthy snacks in between
  16. Marcus received hockey skates for his tenth birthday. Although he is an experienced rollerblader, he will have to learn new ways to maneuver on the ice. What is this type of learning called?
  17. An internalized mental action that follows logical rules is called what?
  18. The range of skills a child can do alone and what he/she can do with others is called what?
    The zone of proximal development.
  19. At age 6, Rita loved to watch her grandmother make tortillas. By aage 9 she could make her own tortillas alongside her grandmother, and now at age 12 she makes all the tortillas for her family. This type of learning is an example of what?
    Guided participation
  20. Tameka is struggling during a difficult math test. She writes down Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally and the order of operations she must perform now becomes clear. What strategy did she use to help herself remember?
  21. Benjamin and a group of friends decide to build a tree house. During their summer vacation, they draw up plans, collect materials and ask people for assistance in completing their project. According to Erikson's theory, Benjamin is in the stage of what Psychosocial theory?
    Industry vs. inferiority
  22. Studying how individuals respond to the world as they experience it is a perspective called what?
  23. The performance of activities for external rewards is called what?
    Extrinsic motivation
  24. The ability to preceive and express emotions, to understand and use them and to manage emotions to foster personal growth refers to what?
    Emotional intelligence
  25. Respecting and responding positively to differences between groups and individuals of diverse backgrounds and traditions is defined as what?
    Cultural competence
  26. When people theorize about others' mental states to predict and explain behavior, they are using what?
    Social learning theory
  27. Interpersonal actions that are at the highest level of interpersonal negotiation demonstrate what?
  28. Mia enjoys skateboarding but her friend Cindy is afraid to try it. After a few days, Mia stops skateboarding altogether and returns to playing the usual games at Cindy's house. Mia is utilizing what?
    Interpersonal orientation
  29. A school age child who is aware that a moral issue or problem exists is showing what?
    Moral sensitivity
  30. Children who respond to others' emotional states are considered what?
  31. What is considered the primary developmental achievement of adolescence?
    Maturing into an adult
  32. What do scholars call an acceleration of adult responsibilities in childhood, particularly among high risk teens?
  33. Which term refers to the evolution of the human species?
  34. When normal adolescents delay making commitments, their identity status is in what?
  35. The study of an individual's major life transitions is a major focus in what?
    Life-course theory
  36. Between the ages of 6 for girls and 9 for boys, there is an increase in hormones produced by what?
    The adrenal gland
  37. Psychological distress and adjustment problems are seen in whom?
    Early maturing girls and late maturing boys
  38. Evolutionary developmental psychology is based upon Darwin's principle of what?
    Natural selection
  39. The hormones released by the pituitary gland beginning around age 8 for girls and age 11 for boys are called what?
  40. According to a U.S. study, how many more girls in the 1990s compared to girls in the 1970s reached menarche before the age of 12?
    Twice as many
  41. The first time a girl has a period is called what?
  42. What does formal operations promote or enable?
    Thinking about possibilities, hypothesizing and idealism.
  43. Some studies indicate that the percentage of adults who are not consistently formal operational thinkers may be as high as what?
  44. Cedric went to the barber for a new haircut. The next day at school he sees some juniors laughin in front of their lockers and he is sure that they think his haircut isn't cool. he is demonstrating what?
    Imaginary audience
  45. Fitting congruent information into a pre-existing belief system is called what?
    Heuristic reasoning
  46. In Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, the ability to understand oneself is called what?
  47. According to psychoanalytic theories, what is essential to becoming an individual capable of independent functioning?
    Psychological separation from parents
  48. Changes in self-definition that involve increasingly complex ways of becoming a separate individual are described by what?
    Ego development theory
  49. In the separation-individuation process, adolescent egocentrism may do what?
    protect adolescents from anxiety
  50. The ways in which a new person's social identities mutually construct one another is called what?
  51. What is a protective factor agaisnt problem behaviors in adolescence is a sense of ethnic identity and being?
  52. What is the stage where the person follows current trends based upon what social norms dictate?
    Conformist stage
  53. Accepting people for being different and not needing to follow a social norm is what?
  54. Early attachments to caregivers form the basis of all future relationships through the mechanism of what?
    Internal working model
  55. Cultural images which are incorporated into our body image is called what?
  56. Which theorist described the internal working model?
  57. What is a significant protective factor against disordered body image in girls?
    Parental acceptance
  58. What parenting style is most often related to positive psychosocial outcomes in white middle-class families?
  59. Marital dissatisfaction tends to promote what?
    Gender-stereotypical patterns in adolescents
  60. What are the four phases of attachment according to Bowlby?
    preattachment, attachment-in-the-making, clear-cut attachment phase and goal-corrected partnership
  61. What criterion is ranked by most age groups as the primary indicator of adulthood?
    Accepting responsibility for your actions
  62. The ability to see and appreciate irresolvable tensions between competing viewpoints when there is no absolute "truth" is referred to as what?
    Dialectical thinking
  63. In applied developmental psychologiy, the principle that an individual's actions at any one point in development is a function of prior development as well as current historical, social, cognitive and situational factors is referred to as what?
    Individual differences and within-person change
  64. What communal value is endorsed by 14% of emerging adults, despite having a low ranking as an indicator of adulthood?
    Becoming a parent
  65. Cleo knkows that she has opportunities that her parents didn't; if she tries hard, she can succeed. However, she is concerned that her own children will face a destroyed planet and many more economic challenges. This sense of contradiction is known as what?
    The paradox of youth.
  66. Is adolescent rebellion fact or fiction?
  67. Studying development from conception to death is considered what?
    Life span theory
  68. What focuses on events and how they cause systemic changes to a person?
    Life course theory
  69. Assuming adult behaviors and responsibilities by adolescents that are not mature themselves is called what?
  70. What are ceremonies celebrating movement from one stage to another?
    Rites of passage
  71. What is the process in which familial events shape a child?
    Family development theory
  72. What is the part of an experiment that changes according to the dependent variable?
    Independent variable
  73. What is the part of an experiment that the person conducting the experiment changes?
    Dependent variable
  74. What is the theoretical assumption made when one thinks that a person acts the way he/she was raised?
    Personality is determined by nurture
  75. You ask 3 children from 3 different age groups to memorize a number series. Which research design is being used?
  76. A loss of participants over time in a longitudinal study is called what?
  77. A score on an intelligence test is an example of what kind of data?
  78. A theoretical perspective examining the ways in which the understandings and expectations of others are communicated through social discourse is called what?
    Social construction and social class formation
  79. Which approach studies how biological, psychological, and social factors operate together to produce growth and change through reciprocal interaction?
  80. Examining the multiple interactions among neighbors, teachers, peers, and family members is a study at the level of what?
  81. What theory describes multiple interrelationships among developmental domains as well as dynamic interactions with the contexts in which children develop?
    Developmental-contextual theory
  82. A group born in the same year are considered part of the same what?
  83. The study of the relationship between brain and behavior is called what?
    Behavioral neuroscience
  84. Ralph’s father quarterbacked for his college football team, and his mother was a professional ice skater. Ralph decides to try out for his middle school hockey team because he too has athletic talent. Behavioral geneticists might call this choice an example of what?
  85. From about ages 10 to 13, girls typically surpass boys in what?
    Both height and weight
  86. Growth that proceeds from head to toe is called what?
  87. Head, neck, trunk and leg length are all composed as parts of what?
  88. Improved attention corresponds to the myelination of what brain structure?
    Reticular formation
  89. The ability of neurons adjacent to damaged tissue to change their structure in order to support new and different tasks is referred to as what?
  90. At what age do children show the highest level of physical activity?
    7-9 years
  91. Obesity later in life, lower self-esteem, diabetes and hypertension are all associated with what?
    Childhood obesity
  92. Around what age does lateral awareness develop?
    7 years