World History/midterm exam NW

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World History/midterm exam NW
2012-12-17 20:27:59
world history

World History/midterm exam NW
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  1. Renaissance artists used new techniques leading to greater______. They returned to realism of classic Greece and Rome. One new technique was _______, credited to Felippo Brunelleschi:distant obects appeard smaller which created more realistic art. Art was portrayed in a three dimensional fashion.
    • realism
    • perspective
  2. Italy's central location helped make it a center for the trade of ______ and ______ during the Renaissance. Italy's city states plaued an important role. Each city was dominanted by a powerful and wealthy ______family.
    • goods and services
    • merchant
  3. The _______family controlled Florence during the Italian Renaissance. Lorenzo_______ invited poets , philosophers, and artisits to the city._________became a leader, with numerous artists, poets, architects, and scientists. _______people began to appreciate art outside the church.
    • Medici
    • Medici
    • Florence
    • Ordinary
  4. Which Italian city was the artistic center?
  5. The heart of the Italian Renaissance was _________.

    *Humanism is a philosophy that rejects religious beliefs and centers on humans and their values, capacities, and worth.
  6. Humanism focused on worldly issues NOT ______.

    *In other words, humanism focuses on people and the world they live in, NOT RELIGION
  7. Humanists believed that education should stimulate____. Subjects that were emphasized were grammer, rhetoric(The art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing),poetry, & history. They studied works of _____&_______to learn about their own culture.
    • creativity
    • Greece and Rome
  8. The father of humanism was _____.He assembled a library of Greek and Roman manuscripts to encourage learning.
  9. Who created the artistic technique of perspective where distant objects appeared smaller?
    Filippo Brunelleschi

    • *the picture is of Filippo Brunelleschi perspective machine
  10. Who made this life-sized statue of a soldier on a horse?
  11. Who painted this painting and what is the title?
    • Raphael
    • The School of Athens
  12. One of the greatest minds of the Italian Renaissance was_______________. He studied botany, optics, architecture and engineering. This is one of  his most well known paintings-do you know the title?
    • Leonardo da Vinci
    • The Last Supper
  13. __________was a sculptor, engineer, painter, architect, and poet. He painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and made the sculpture, David
    • Michelangelo Buonarroti
    • *(most people call him just Michelangelo)"David"
    • Sistine Chapel Ceiling painted by Michelangelo
  14. Italian Renaissance painter,_______, wrote Book of the Courtier which described manners and behaviors of ideal aristrocratic women & men. Men played music, knew literature,history, and were not ______. Women were kind, graceful, lively, and possessed outward beauty.
    Baldassara Castiglione  (what a great name!!)
  15. Niccola Machiavelli, wrote a book called ________ which stressed that the end justifies the means. "Machiavellian" refers to the use of deciet in politics.
    The Prince
  16. What does "Machiavellian" mean?
    It means cunning, scheming, and unscrupulous, especially in politics or in advancing one's career.

    *The phrase "the end justifies the means" refers to the Machiavellian philosophy that it doesn't matter what you do(whether it's moral or not) as long as the desired result is achieved.
  17. ______, in which an artist etches a design on a metal plate using acid and then using the plate to make prints was a very important technique during the Northern Renaissance.Durer"Melancolia"
    • Engraving (the most famous artist during this period who really elavated the art of engeaving was Albrecht Durer)
    • Durer "young hare"
  18. Thomas More (1478-1535) helped to introduce humanism in England. In his widely read _______,
    More presented a unique view of society. The book was about an imaginary island near where Columbus had recently encountered the New World. It described an idealistic society based on reason. The population
    was educated, worked hard, and shared the fruits of their labor. Since material wealth was divided equally, greed did not exist, and people did not desire material things

    • (Northern Renaissance)
  19. By the ___, cities of Northern Europe began to enjoy economic growth & wealth needed to develop their own Renaissance.
  20. What does utopia mean?
    An imagined place or state of things in which everything is perfect. Theword was first used in the book Utopia (1516) by Sir Thomas More.
  21. Where did the Northern Renaissance begin?
    In Flander, Belgium:a region that included parts of France, Belgium, and the Netherlands
  22. The ideas of the N. Renaissance spread to ___, _______, and _____________.
    Spain, France, and England
  23. During the N. Renaissance,____________prints the first complete Bible using the printing press with movable type. Printed books are far easier to produce than hand copied ones. More people had access to a broad range of learning. The number of books in Europe rose from a few thousand to 15-20 million by 1500.
    Johann Gutenberg
  24. The Northern Renaissance painters focused on _______. Many focused on common people, and scenes of everday life. New oil paints made more real realistic colors that reflected light and added depth and glow.
  25. Geographical bands of Africa:
    • desert
    • savanna(most populated areas)
    • jungle
    • dry woodlands
  26. Nubia-East Africa existed when the Egyptians were building what?
    the pyramids
  27. Nubia-East Africa was located south of Egypt on the upper_________ River
  28. Nubia-East Africa was under the control of the _____for many years.
    the Eygtians
  29. In Nubia-East Africa, ________ people mastered ironworking and the city became a trade center.
  30. In Nubia-East Africa, they worshipped their own gods and developed their own form of _______.
  31. Axum-East Africa (300 BC-a.D. 600) stretched from the mountains of East Africa to the ______ Sea. It is now known as ___________.
    • Red Sea
    • Ethiopia
  32. The language of Axum-East Africa was _______.
  33. In Axum-East Africa, one of the main cities, ______, was a port on the Red Sea. Here, goods such as ______, ________, and ______ were brought to market.
    • Adulis
    • ivory, animal hides, gold
  34. Axum  controlled a triangular network between Africa,______, and_______.
    India, Mediterranean
  35. Axum converted to ____ in the 300's.
  36. Axum's conversion to Chritianity strengthened the kingdom's ties with ______&___________. However, when Islam spread in the 600's, Axum became isolated and declined.
    North Africa & Mediterranean
  37. King_______came to power in Axum in the early 1200's. He directed the building of Chrisitian churches, carved in solid rock.Trade linked ports of Africa, Asia, and the middle East. As greater numbers of people began to settle in East Africa, _______deveoped which incorporated Arabic words intothe Bantu based language. Ethiopian Chritians kept ties with the Holy Land in the Middle East.
    • King Lalibela
    • *Swahili

    *Swahili is an Arabic word that means "of the coast"
  38. What does the word "Swahili" mean in Arabic?
    "of the coast"
  39. Ghana (800-1200)-West Africa: was in the "V" made by the ______ and _______ rivers.
    Niger & Senegal
  40. Ghana (800-1200)-West Africa: became a center of trade that was very prosperous and was controlled by the trade of ____&_______. It was conquered by _______.
    • salt & gold
    • Mali
  41. Mali 1235-1400's-Central Africa: was founded by______. It's greatest ruler was _______who came to power in 1312.
    • Sundiata
    • Mansa Musa
  42. In Mali 1235-1400's-Central Africa, Mansu Musa conquered additional territory and converted to ______. He made many pilgrimages to Mecca and brought back Muslim scolars and architects to Mali.
  43. Songhai 1464-1591-West Africa:
    Sodier-king _____brought trade routes and cities under his control. Emperpr_____ expanded Songhai territory, holding court at Gao.
    • Sonni Ali
    • Aski Muhammad
  44. Songhai 1464-1591-West Africa:

    Formed strong ties ties to the Muslim world. Invaders from ____conquered the empire in 1591.
  45. Great Zimbabwe 900-1500-Central Africa:  They spoke _______ and built huge stone towers in their capital city. The ruins are called "Great Zimbabwe".  They hyad artisans and skilled builders.
  46. who was henry VIII heir?
    mary tudor
  47. what happen to catholics who opposed henry?
  48. henry had catholic property______ and______to nobles to gain their support.
    • confiscated
    • distributed
  49. who drew the book of common prayer,which became required reading at all Anglican services.
    Thomas Cranmer
  50. how did mary get the name"bloody mary"?
    restored catholicism and burned protestants at the stake for heresy
  51. what united England and avoid future religious wars?
    "The Elizabethan era"
  52. what did Pope loe do to end corruption and worldliness in the church and settle issues of doctrine?
    called the Council of Trent
  53. what did the council of Trent declare?
    that salvation comes through both faith and good works
  54. what was used to root out protestant heresy?
    testimony,torture, and executions
  55. who were founded order as "soldiers of god"?
    ignatius of loyola
  56. society of jesus(jesuits) rigorous training included complete_____ to the church.
  57. In legacy, what did religious passion lead to?
    intolerance,persecution,and war
  58. In 1516, venice order jews to live in a separate part of the city, what did they call it?
  59. what astromomy idea's did Newton create?
    • caclus-branch of mathematics
    • gravity- as the force that keeps planets in orbit
  60. what did the Europeans accepted in the mid-1500's?
    ptolemy and aristole