Nur 101

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Author:
callmelauren122001@yahoo.com
ID:
188865
Filename:
Nur 101
Updated:
2012-12-16 19:36:34
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Fundamentals
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Description:
electrolytes
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  1. Sodium Na+
    135-145 mEq/L
  2. Sodium function
    • contributor to maintain water balance 
    • ECF cation 
    • aldosterone secretions 
  3. Potassium K+
    3.5-5.0 mEq/L
  4. Potassium function
    • transmission and conduction of nerver impulses
    • normal cardiac conduction
    • skeletal and smooth muscle contraction
    • ICF cation
  5. Calcium Ca+
    8.5-10.2 mg/dL
  6. Calcuim function
    • Ca++ goes DOWN=phosfurus goes UP
    • bone teeth formation
    • blood clotting 
    • cardiac conduction
    • tranmission of nerve impulses
  7. Magnesium Mg-
    1.5-2.5 mEq/L
  8. Magnesium functions 
    • enzyme activities 
    • neuromuscular activities 
    • cardiac skeletal muscle excitability 
  9. Chloride Cl-
    95-105 mEq/L
  10. Chloride function
    chloride follows sodium ECF anion
  11. Phosphorus P-
    2.8-4.5 mg/dL
  12. Phosphorus function
    • assists in acid base regulation
    • help develope bones and teeth 
    • neuromuscular action 
    • ICF anion
  13. ECF
    • Extracellular Fluid 
    • fluid outside cell
    • blood plasam and interstitial fluid 
  14. ICF
    • intracellular fluid 
    • fluid inside cell
  15. RBC 
    • M 4.5-6.2
    • F 4.2-5.4
  16. WBC
    5,000-10,000
  17. HGB
    • M 13-18
    • F 12-16
  18. HCT
    • M 42-50%
    • F 40-48%
  19. Platelets 
    100,000-400,000
  20. Glucose 
    70-130mg/L
  21. CO2
    24-32 mEq/L
  22. BUN
    10-20 mg/dL
  23. Creatinine 
    0.7-1.4 mg/dL
  24. Albumin
    3.5-5.0g/dL
  25. Albumin fuction
    • Pulls H20 from interstitial space to the intravascular space 
    • Maintians BP
  26. Hypotonic solutions
    • 0.45% NS
    • 0.33% NS
  27. Isotonic solutions 
    • 0.9% NS
    • D5W
    • Rangers Lactate 
    • Blood
  28. Hypertonic solutions 
    • D5% 0.45% NS
    • D5% NS
    • D5% LR
    • TPN-total perental nutrition 
  29. RBC funtion
    • carries oxygen 
    • depends on how many and how well they function
  30. WBC 
    • leukocytes 
    • fight infecion
  31. HGB
    protien in blood that carries oxygen 
  32. HCT 
    the % of red blood cells in the blood 
  33. BUN levels 
    measure kidney function 
  34. albumin
    • Water solulbe protien 
    • Binds enzymes to produce functions 
  35. Creatinine
    • muscle metabolism byproduct 
    • indicates renal health
  36. Diffusion movement 
    High to Low 
  37. Arterioles fucntion 
    arterioles have higher pressure than ICF-the shift is into cell
  38. Venules function
    venules have lower pressure that ICF-shift moves out of cell
  39. Hypovolemia 
    • loss of volume 
    • loss of H20 and electrolyets from ECF
  40. Insipidus 
    • problemw with diuretic hormone(pituitary) 
    • no water control constintly making urine 
  41. D5 solution is what?
    HYPERTONIC-has sugar no matter whats its with
  42. Alkalosis
    high alkalinity in blood or fluids--increase base levels
  43. Hpyercalcema
    caused by hyperparathyroidism
  44. BMR--basic metabolic rate
    energy needed to sustain life
  45. Comorbidities 
    anything else goin on with health that may effect weight 
  46. Anthropometry
    Measurement of body skin, size and makeup of body 
  47. Water amounts in body
    • 60-70% of TBW
    • absorbed in small/large intestine 
    • metabolized carbs, proteins, lipids produce water
    • needed for all chemical reactions in body
    •  
  48. Carb and the body
    • 1 gram=4 Kcal
    • digested by amylase and lactase 
    • metabolized into glucose 
  49. Protein and the body
    • 1 fram=4 Kcal
    • digested by proteolytic 
    • matinatin tissue growth
  50. Lipid and the body
    • 1 gram=9Kcal
    • digested by lipase, bile 
    • meatbolized into lipoproteins 
  51. LDL lipids
    • Major carrier of cholesterole LOUSY
    • <100
  52. HDL lipids
    • carries cholesterole away from tissue to liver HAPPY
    • >40 male
    • >50 female 
  53. Total cholesterole levels
    • <200
    • statins-drugs used to decrease cholesterole affects liver 
  54. Tryglycerides levels
    <150
  55. Water solube vitamins 
    • absorbed through intestines directly into blood 
    • C, B complex, folic acid 
  56. Fat solube vitamins 
    • absorbed with lipids into lymphatic circulation 
    • A, D, E, K

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