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what are Boletes?
•Boletes - Produce spores on surface of pores instead of gills
What are shelf fungi?
basidiomycota (club) fungi that
•Grow horizontally from bark or dead wood
What are puffballs and Bird's nest fungi?
- Both Basidiomycota- club fungi
- •Puffballs - Spores released from pore at
- Bird’s nest fungi - Egglike bodies contain
what are Parasitic species that do not form basidiomata:
- oGrain crops
- -Mycelium absorbs nutrients from
- host cells.
- -Secrete substances that stimulate
- host cells to form tumors
- –Rusts -
- Attack a wide variety of plants
- oBlack stem rust - Requires two
What are human ecological importance of rust?
- than 75 of the approximately 25,000 described species are poisonous.
- «High in protein, calcium,
- phosphorous, and iron.
–Lentinacin and other pharmaceutical extracts
–Nutrient recycling in soil
What are deuteromycetes?
How does deutromycetes reproduce?
Only asexually by conidia
, no sexual observed.
What are human ecological importance to deutromycetes?
oCitric acid, soy sauce, miso, artificial flavoring
oPhotographic developers, dyes
oAspergilloses (respiratory disease), athlete’s foot
what are three major growth forms of lichens?
- •Crustose - Attached to or embedded in
- substrate over entire lower surface
- •Foliose - Contain leaf-like thalli which
- often overlap
- •Fruticose - Resemble miniature upright
- shrubs, or hang down in festoons from branches.
Human ecological importance of lichens?
- •Exceptionally sensitive to
- oPossible to calculate amount of
- sulfur dioxide present in air solely by mapping occurrence or disappearance of
- certain lichens.
•Degradation of historic structures
- •Food for animals - Reindeer eat fruticose
British solider is a type of what?