Chemistry

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Author:
MaddyDeRose
ID:
189003
Filename:
Chemistry
Updated:
2012-12-12 10:05:50
Tags:
chem final definitions
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Final Exam
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  1. one or more forms of an elementary substance.
    Allotrope
  2. chemical compounds that consist only of hydrogen and carbon atoms and are bonded exclusively by single bonds
    Alkane
  3. unsaturated chemical compound containing at least one carbon-to-carbon double bond
    Alkene
  4. hydrocarbons that have a triple bond between two carbon atoms
    Alkyne
  5. compounds with the same molecular formula but different structural formulas
    Isomer
  6. groups of atoms or bonds within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules
    Functional group
  7. chemical compound or mixture of compounds consisting of repeating structural units created through a process of polymerization
    Polymer
  8. molecule that may bind chemically to other molecules to form a polymer
    Monomer
  9. heterogeneous mixture containing solid particles that are sufficiently large for sedimentation
    Suspension
  10. substance microscopically dispersed evenly throughout another substance
    Colloid
  11. substance that dissolves a solute, resulting in a solution
    Solvent
  12. ingredient dissolving to the solvent
    Solute
  13. a solution in which the solvent is water
    Aqueous
  14. number of moles of solute dissolved in one liter of solution; expressed as mol/L
    Molarity
  15. amount of substance of solute divided by the mass of solvent; expressed as mol/kg
    Molality
  16. the capability of being mixed
    Miscible
  17. substance that when solvent gets dissolved it increases the solvents conductivity
    Electrolyte
  18. physical property that does not depend on the identity of the particles, but depending on the number of solute particles
    Colligative property
  19. the study of chemical processes of rates
    Chemical Kinetics
  20. how slow or how fast a reaction takes place in a product per unit time
    Reaction Rate

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