Advanced Articulation Disorders Chapter 15

Card Set Information

Author:
Katie719405
ID:
189075
Filename:
Advanced Articulation Disorders Chapter 15
Updated:
2012-12-12 15:02:06
Tags:
Advanced Articulation Disorders Chapter 15
Folders:

Description:
Advanced Articulation Disorders Chapter 15
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Katie719405 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Is dysarthria a speech disorder or a language disorder?
    Speech Disorder
  2. Is Aphasia a speech disorder or a language disorder?
    Language disorder
  3. Which disorder (dysarthria or aphasia) involves deficits that cross all language modalities (listening, speaking, reading, writing)?
    Aphasia
  4. Which disorder (dysarthria or aphasia) involves deficits in handling symbolic information?
    Aphasia
  5. Which disorder (dysarthria or aphasia) leaves auditory comprehension and reading skills preserved?
    dysarthria
  6. Which disorder (dysarthria or aphasia) involves deficits in word-finding skills?
    aphasia
  7. Which disorder (dysarthria, aphasia, or both) is characterized by articulatory errors?
    Both, especially fluent aphasia
  8. Where do lesions that produce aphasia occur?
    language areas of the left hemisphere
  9. Where do lesions that produce dysarthria occur?
    variety of sites in the central and peripheral nervous systems
  10. Which disorder (dysarthria or aphasia) is characterized by respiratory, phonatory, resonance, prosodic, stress, and voice quality problems?
    dysarthria
  11. Is dysarthria always a characteristic of dementia?
    No. Language deficits are seeni n all dementias but dysarthria is observed only in a subgroup of dementias associated with movement disorders, including parkinsonism, huntington's chorea and progressive supranuclear palsy.
  12. How is language of confusion often induced?
    traumatically-dysarthria often coexists with language of confusion in TBI
  13. Unclear thinking, faulty memory, and irrelevant responses are frequent characteristics of what?
    language of confusion
  14. Which of the following are motor speech disorders? (dysarthria, aphasia, apraxia)
    Dysarthria and apraxia
  15. What is a speech deficit of motor production?
    dysarthria
  16. What is a speech deficit of motor programming?
    apraxia
  17. True or false: Apraxia of speech involves speech production tasks and automatic/involuntary tasks like chewing and smiling.
    FALSE, apraxia of speech does NOT include automatic involuntary tasks like chewing and smiling.
  18. Which of the following disorders involves abnormalities in movement rates, precision, coordination and strength in both speech and nonspeech movements? (Dysarthria, apraxia, aphasia)
    Dysarthria
  19. In which disorder are the motor control problems influenced by tasks and context?
    apraxia
  20. In which disorder are motor control problems present regardless of tasks or context?
    dysarthria
  21. Which of the following are NOT associated with dysphagia? (dysarthria, apraxia of speech, or both)
    apraxia of speech
  22. Which of the following is frequently associated with aphasia? (dysarthria, apraxia of speech, or both)
    apraxia of speech
  23. Which of the following is characterized by misarticulations that are inconsistent? (dysarthria, apraxia of speech, or both)
    apraxia of speech
  24. In which of the following disorders is the production of automatic utterances better than the production of propositional utterances? (dysarthria, apraxia or speech, or both)
    apraxia of speech
  25. In which of the following disorders is the production of automatic and propositional utterances equally impaired? (Dysarthria, apraxia of speech, or both)
    Dysarthria
  26. In which of the following disorders do word length, meaningfulness, and frequently of occurrence influence error production? (dysarthria, apraxia of speech, or both)
    Apraxia of speech
  27. Which of the following disorders are not characterized by articulatory groping? (dysarthria, apraxia of speech, or both)
    dysarthria
  28. Which of the following disorders are characterized by attempts at self-correction? (dysarthria, apraxia or speech, or both)
    apraxia of speech
  29. True or False: Co-occurrence of dysarthria and neurologic communication disorders is relatively common.
    True, especially post onset of acquired disorders and in developmental disorders
  30. True or false: midl dysarthria may accompany aphasia, especially in the period immediately following a stroke.
    True, but the dysarthria may not always be mild-may be more severe.
  31. Do apraxia and dysarthria ever coexist?
    Yes.
  32. Which type of dysarthria is characterized by imprecise consonants, monopitch, reduced stress, harsh voice, monoloudness, low pitch, slow rate, hypernasality, strained-strangled voice, and short phrases?
    spastic dysarthria
  33. Which type of dysarthria is characterized by hypernasality, imprecise consonants, breathy voice, and monopitch?
    flaccid dysarthria
  34. Which type or types of dysarthria (as in ALS) are characterized by imprecise consonants, hypernasality, harsh voice, slow rate, monopitch, short phrases, distorted vowels. low pitch, monoloudness, excess and equal stress, prolonged intervals?
    Mixed spastic and flaccid dysarthria
  35. Which type of dysarthria is characterized by imprecise consonants, excess and equal stress, irregular articulatory breakdowns, distorted vowels, and harsh voice?
    ataxic dysarthria
  36. Which type of dysarthria (as in Parkinson's disease) is characterized by monopitch, reduced stress, monoloudness, imprecise consonants, inappropriate silences, short rushes, harsh voice, and breathy voice?
    hypokinetic dysarthria
  37. Which type of dysarthria (as in dystonia) is characterized by imprecise consonants, distorted vowels, harsh voice, irregular articulatory breakdown, strained-strangled voice, monopitch, and monoloudness?
    hyperkinetic dysarthria
  38. Which type of dysarthria (as in choreoathetosis) is characterized by imprecise consonants, prolonged intervals, variable rates, monopitch, harsh voice, inappropriate silences, distorted vowels, and excess loudness?
    hyperkinetic dysarthria
  39. This research by a Mayo study found that each of seven neurologic disorders could be characterized by a unique set of clusters of deviant speech dimensions and that no two disorders had the same set of clusters. Thus, differential diagnosis could be based on clusters of related dimensions rather than on single features.
    Clusters of Speech Dimensions

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview