AP World History.txt

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    • description "Final Review.
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    • Who offered political advise to rulers while traveling through China during the Warring States Period?
    • Mencius (372-289 B.C.E)
  1. What Confucian value did Mencius put emphasis on?
  2. What Confucian value did Xunzi put emphasis on?
  3. Who was the 5th king of the city of Uruk?
  4. What was the earliest Sumerian government?
    A monarchy established by men
  5. What often led to war in Sumer around 2800 B.C.E?
    Conflicts between city-states. (Kings sought to punish or conquer their neighbors)
  6. Who liberated Uruk from Kish's rule?
  7. What did Mesopotamia fall under after 2350 B.C.E?
    The control of several empires
  8. Who restored order after the Warring States Period, bringing about the Unification on China?
  9. How did the legalists punish people for their infractions?
    Severely, even for minor infractions, and collectively (family + community punishments)
  10. Name a dynasty that adopted elements of the Legalist program.
    Qin Dynasty
  11. In China, what were men's role as opposed to women's?
    Males were the household heads, and China was under a patriarchal society.
  12. What was the most common form of government in India?
    Monarchy "Kingship": male/king rulers
  13. True or False?
    India made use of hereditary rulership endowment.
    True. The caste system was used in Indian government.
  14. Who started arriving along the Indus Valley after the decline of Harappan Society?
    The Aryans
  15. Who were the principal source of authority in India?
    Council of Elders
  16. What does the Indian word "Varna" refer to?
    Major social classes.
  17. What did Athenians base government on?
    Democratic principals
  18. When and why was the Delian League created?
    After the Persian Wars, to discourage further Persian actions in Greece.
  19. What led to the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.E)?
    The poleis pent up resentment toward Athens for having to pay the Delian League to fight a Persian threat that was absent from Athens.
  20. True or False?
    Athens had a central Imperial state
    False, Athens had no central imperial state.
  21. True or False?
    Athens and Sparta fought together during the Peloponnesian War.
    False, Athens and Sparta were seperated poleis in the Peloponnesian War.
  22. In Minoan society, what did rulers also serve as?
    Tax collectors
  23. What form of goverment was present in Early Rome?
  24. How long did consuls in Rome serve?
    One year terms
  25. What broadened the base of political participation in Rome?
    Republican Rome
  26. Which part of the Roman Empire fell, and which part remained intact?
    The Western Roman Empire fell, the Eastern half remained intact.
  27. True or False?
    There wasn't a tightly centralized rule in Eastern Rome.
    False, there was a tightly centralized rule focused on the emperor.
  28. What is Caesaropapism?
    A policy that allowed emperors to play part in ecclesiastical affairs, not just rule as secular lord.
  29. What did Justinian issue on the basis of his review of Roman Law?
    The corpus iurs civilis (Body of the Civil Law), whic won recognition as the definitive codification of Roman Law.
  30. What political system did the Tang Dynasty rely heavily on?
    A bureaucracy based on merit-> which was reflected by performance on imperial civil service exams.
  31. What did Tang emperors do in an effort to control rebels?
    They granted progressively greater power and authority to regional military commanders, who gradually became the effective rulers of China.
  32. In Chinese economy, what played a large role in the distribution of stable foods?
  33. Who closely watched military sensitive enterprises such as the iron industry?
    Dynastic authorities
  34. In Japan, who served as ceremonial figure heads, but in actuallity rarely ruled?
    Japanese emperors.
  35. How far did the Sultan's power extend in India?
    Not far beyond Delhi
  36. Southern conflicts in the South of India were less frequent, intense, and damaging than those that plagued the north.
  37. Who established the independent empire of Vijayanagar (the "city of victory") ?
    Harihara and Bukka
  38. Rulers from where in India allowed considerable independece to their subjects?
    Chola rulers
  39. When, and where did the earliest know urban societies emerge?
    In the 4th millenium B.C.E in Southwest Asia in Mesopotamia
  40. Who was allowed to possess bronze weaponry/utensils and controlled most of the remaining bronze weapons in China?
    The ruling elites, commoners couldn't afford it.
  41. How were women treated in China in Shang and Zhou times?
    Occasionally played prominent role in Shang times. In Shang and Zhou times women lived in their husband's shadows. At most they'd be recognized in association with thei husbands.
  42. Why did Early Aryans fight amongst themselves?
    They did not have common government, but formed hundred of chiefdoms around herding communities and agricultural villages.
  43. Who were the leaders of chiefdoms in Aryan society? And who governed them?
    The "raja" were leaders of the chiefdoms, governed with the council of elders.
  44. Who were the a) brahmins b) kshatriyas c) vaishyas d) shudras
    The four main varnas were a) priests b) warriors and aristocrats c) cultivators, artisans, and merchants d) landless peasants and serfs
  45. How did women play a role in Indian society?
    Males dominated Aryan Society, and women enjoyed no public authority, but women influenced affairs within the family.
  46. What was the ritual of sati?
    A widow would cremate herself in her husband funeral pyre
  47. What were nerve centers of Minoan Society?
    A series of palaces. They served as a residence of rulers, storehouses for the collection of taxes from cultivators.
  48. Who were the helots of Sparta?
    They were not free people, they could not leave the land and they kept Sparta supplied with food, they also provided agricultural labor.
  49. true or false
    Sparta discourage economic and social distinctions.
  50. In Sparta who was citizenship offered to?
    Free adult males from Athens, women had no direct voice in government.
  51. Who's authority did Greek women fall under?
    The authority of their fathers, husbands, and sons.
  52. What weren't women allowed to do in Greece?
    Own property. Women could, however be priestess of religious cults.
  53. What helped to mobilize labor in Greece?
  54. What did Roman nobility replace the monarchy with?
    An aristocratic republic.
  55. Who were the plebians?
    The common class of Rome
  56. Rome built a strict patriarchal society (paterfamilias- fathers of the families)
  57. What did women supervise in Roman households?
    Domestic affairs
  58. Where did women play a more prominent role, in Chinese Vietnamese society?
    Vietnamese. Women participated activey in business ventures closed to women in the more rigidly patriarchal society of China.
  59. What introduced Islam to India's port cities?
    Muslim merchants formed small communities in all the major cities of coastal India, and played a prominent role in Indian business and commercial life. They also frequently married local women.
  60. What served as the most powerful organizing feature of Indian society?
    The caste system.
  61. What did public life revolve around in India? And what did they serve as?
    Public life revolved around Hindu temples, they served as economic and social centers and provided basic schooling for boys in the community.
  62. What four things placed pressures on the caste system in India?
    Migrations, the growing prominence of Islam, economic development, and urbanization.
  63. What castes did people mostly identify with in India?
    Jati- which often took form of the worker's guilds.
  64. What group of people did Muslim conquerers rarely allow to hold sensitive political and military posts?
  65. By 3500 B.C.E, what allowed ventures into the Persian Gulf?
  66. Which law borrowed the principle of lex talionis?
    Hebrew law.
  67. Around what time did Indo-European society begin to break up? What did it result in?
    It began to break up about 3000 B.C.E as migrants took their horses and other animals and made their way to new lands (gradually). It resulted in the spread of Indo-European language.
  68. When did the Hittites migrate to the central plan of Anatolia?
    About 1900 B.C.E
  69. Who did the Hittites trade with?
    Babylonians and Assyrians.
  70. Who adapted cuneiform to their Indo-European language?
    The Hittites
  71. True or False

    Trade networks connected Chian with wester and southern lands.
  72. Who in India relied heavily on pastoral economy?
    The Aryans
  73. What does the Indian term "dasas" refer to?
    Indigenous people. It meant "enemies" or "subject peoples"
  74. Indra; god of war, was the cheif deity of _________?
    The Aryans.
  75. What fueled conflicts between the Aryans and the Dravidians?
    Competitions over land and resources.
  76. Who was the principal center of Mediterranean commerce (interchange of goods or commodities) between 2200 and 1450 B.C.E?
  77. What about the Mycenaen society attracted settlers?
  78. About 1200 B.C.E who did the Mycenaens engage in conflict with?
    The city of Troy in Anatolia.
  79. Who toppled the Achaemid empire?
    Alexander of Macedon, who's empire stretched from India to Egypt and Greece.
  80. What were the Persian Wars?
    Greek cities on the Ionian coast revolted against Persian rule and expelled Achaemid admins.
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AP World History.txt
2012-12-13 01:13:16
AP World History Notes

AP 1 semester Final Review
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