US History Bradford

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US History Bradford
2012-12-12 23:05:10

Bradford finals
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  1. land bridge and Bering sea
    a passage that connected siberia russia to the tip of present day alaska which enabled people and animals to immigrate to the americas
  2. (America) Farming originated
    Central Mexico
  3. indigenous crops
    corn (maize), squash, pumpkins
  4. Agriculture allowed
    Developement of civilization, people could stay in one place, not nomadic. increased job and trade
  5. Most Africans originate from...
    West Africa
  6. Who paid for columbus's voyage?
    King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, the spanish monarchs
  7. Conquistadors
    Spanish explorers that were in search of gold
  8. The Spanish Armada
    1588, King Phillip of Spain sent out the Armada to stop the spread of Protestantism in England. Marked the fall of spain and rise of England
  9. French in the new world
    looked for beaver pelts
  10. Jamestown
    first colonial town made by the Virginia colonists. 1st permanent settlement in the New World. Hunted for gold and searching for Northwest Passage to Asia. Settlers neglecteed to plant food and food supplies dwindled. Jan 1608 only 38 colonists were still alive.  When new settlers arrived they starved and died of disease. Settlers wanted land so governors assigned plots of land to those who fulfilled their terms of service to the company.
  11. House of Burgesses
    1st legislative body in Virginia (made laws). first institution of representative government in the colonies. est. 1619
  12. indentured servants
    people that payed other people time working in exhange for voyage to the new world.
  13. Puritans
    religious group that etablished family values, democracy, and work structure. searched for religious freedom, violence toward Quakers. main goal was to purify church of england
  14. Mayflower Compact
    the first democratic agreement of English colonies, William Bradford.
  15. Roger Williams
    Founder of Rhode Island. He was a seperatist and he was banished from Massachusetts because the Puritans hated how he thought since he sought spiritual religious freedom
  16. Difference in New England and Virginia colonies
    Families settled in New England and men searching for gold in the Chesapeake region. New England prospers
  17. women contribution to New England
    started to run farms and businesses while husbands were away. often traded.spun wool and flax into thread for clothing. made own food and necessities. good knowledge of medicine
  18. Staple crop of Carolina
  19. William Penn
    A quaker who allowed religious freedom in his colony and helped to make the most diverse country in America. established Pennsylvania
  20. Native favoring french
    Frrench didn't threaten their land, trade partners
  21. how did natives view property rights?
    collectively. everyone owned the land and not one person owned it specifically. settlers viewed this as if they weren't using it and they took it from them
  22. King Phillip's War
    New England (1675-1676). Wampanoags, Narragansetts, and other Indians against English settlers; sparked by English encroachments on Native Islands. Native warriors attacked villages in Plymouth colony, moved into Connecticut river valley, turned towards Boston. Indians were exhausted/weakened by disease, and food shortages. Philip moved into western NE. Men clashed with Mohawks, Philip died in ambush(Aug 1676). English shold many native survivors into slavery. Took King P's head and impaled it on a stake oustide of plymouth as a warning of the price to be paid for resisting colonial expansion
  23. cost of land in america
    cheap compared to europe
  24. slave codes
    rules that slavs had to follow in the colonies under their owners declared slavery to be a lifelong condition that passed from parents to children. Enacted after Nat Turner's rebellion. Cant marry, vote, bear arms, court, etc.
  25. Mt. Vernon
    George Washinton's home in virginia
  26. Mercantilism
    export more than import
  27. Puritans vs. pilgrims
    Puritans wanted to reform Anglican church. Pilgrims wanted to separate from church
  28. Chesapeake product
  29. Carolina's crop
  30. sugar from caribbean to new england made what drink for pirates
  31. most people read what book
  32. florida at the end of the french indian war
    spain traded florida to britain to regain cuba
  33. stamp act
    britain put a tax on all papers and docuuments because they felt that the colonies were responsible for the french and indian war of which britain just got out of. colonists were outraged because of taxation without representation
  34. boston port act
    colonists dumped tea into the harbor in order to protest the taxation. punished by closing major ports in boston
  35. loyalists prior to revolution
    about 15-20% of colonists remained loyal to britain through their time of the stamp act and boston port act
  36. first casualties of revoluion
    lexington and concord
  37. Thomas Paine
    wrote Common Sense, pamphlet pro revolution. aroused the emotions of the colonists to fight against British tyranny
  38. who wrote the declaration of ind
    Thomas Jefferson
  39. Ben Franklin's role in revolution
    envoy in paris, sent to secure the alliance of france with the states. sent to negotiate peace with france
  40. Yorktown
    where General Cornwallis finally surrendered and we beat britain. anaconda plan, trapped by french fleet
  41. role of france in revolution
    aided union in winning the revolutionary war. theyre why we won
  42. Slavery in Northern states of revolution
    northen states began to ban slavery
  43. land ordinance in 1785
    act passed by congress under the Articles of Con. that created the grid system of surveys by which all subsequent public land was made available for sale
  44. North and west ordinance of 1787
    Legislation passed by Congress under the Articles of Confederation that prohibited slavery in the NW territories and proveided the model for the incorporation of future territories into the Union as coequal states
  45. what was the west in 1790
    appalacians to mississippi
  46. 1st secretary of treasury
    alexander hamilton
  47. Hamilton's plan
  48. Antifederalists
    a person who opposed ratification fo the Constitution in 1789 and allied with Jefferson's anti fed party. Opposed the powers of federal government
  49. federalists and french revolution
    1789. directed at overthrowin the monarchy. Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were executed. Federalists opposed the rev. because they were afraid of the terror and proposed that the same thing would happen due to the republicanism of the american rev. Anti federalists were in favor b/c the french remained the standard beares of the cause of liberty for common people
  50. alien act
    only people who live in us for 14 years are able to vote. made j .adams unpopular
  51. sedition act
    unable to criticize gov. official, flags, etc. Unconstitutional and violated bill of rights
  52. Louisiana purchase
    sold to the states by napoleon because he needed money for his wars
  53. new england making $ during war
    sold war supplies to countries to make money
  54. section US pro-war in 1812
    south and west because they wanted land
  55. Andrew Jackson
    fought in the battle of New Orleans that made him famous. Old hickory. 7th president
  56. Mcculloch v. Maryland
    1819, established federal over state authority, john marshall presided over the casee
  57. monroe doctrine
    declared by P. Jmes monroe (1823). Western hemisphere was to be closed off to further european colonization and the us would not interfere in international fairs of europe
  58. Missouri Compromise
  59. 1st 5 presidents
    1. Washington, Jadams, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe
  60. change of politics in 1820
    politics became more democratic, allowing more white illiterates the chance to vote
  61. great awakening
     people wanted religion to become more democratic, a tremendous reivval of religion in which people became more intrested in it
  62. 1st president of modern democratic party
    andrew jackson ol hick
  63. trail of tears
    cherokee indians moved west and the supreme court ruled it illegal. many died durin gtheir journey naties were forced to move to Oklahoma
  64. Force Bill
    President Andrew Jackson uses whatever forces necessary to enforce federal tariffs. intended to supress South carolina's refusal to collect tariffs during nullification crisis. Calhoun refues to pay and jackson forces to invade, calhoun pays