Chapter 39

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Author:
czrouth22
ID:
18925
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Chapter 39
Updated:
2010-05-11 23:50:04
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Bio Vocab
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Vocab
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  1. substance produced in one part of an organism that affects another part of the same organism
    Hormone
  2. Cell that has a receptor for a particular hormone
    Target Cell
  3. Gland that releases it secreations through tubelike structures called ducts.
    Exocrine Glands
  4. Gland fthat releases its secreations directly into the blood stream
    Endocrine Gland
  5. Hormone like modified fatty acid produced by a wide range of cells; generally affects only nearby cells and tissues
    Prostaglandin
  6. Gland in the base of the skull that secrets nine hormones that directly regulate many body functions and control the actions of several other endocrine glands
    Pituitary Glands
  7. condition that occurs when the pancreas produces too little insulin, resulting in an increase the level of blood glucose
    Diabetes Mellitus
  8. in plants, a flower structure that contains one or more ovules from which female gametophytes are produced; in animals, the female gonads that produces eggs
    Ovary
  9. male reproductive organ that produces sperm
    Testis
  10. period of rapid growth and several maturation during which the reproductive system becomes fully functional
    Puberty
  11. External sac containing the testis
    Scrotum
  12. one of hundreds of tiny tubles in the testis in which sperm are produced
    Seminiferous Tubule
  13. Structure in the male reproductive system in which sperm fully mature and are stored
    Epididymis
  14. tube that carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra
    Vas Deferenes
  15. tube that carries urine from the bladder and releases it from the body; in males, tube through which semen is released from the body
    Urethra
  16. External male reproductive organ
    Penis
  17. Cluster of cells surrounding in a single egg in the human reproductive system
    Follicle
  18. Process in which an egg is released from the ovary
    Ovulation
  19. one of two fluid filled tubes in human females through which an egg passes after its release from an ovary
    Fallopian Tube
  20. Organ of the female reproductive system in which a fertilized egg can develop
    Uterus
  21. in the human female reproductive system a canal that leads from the uterus to the outside of the body
    Vagina
  22. Cycle during which an egg develops and is released from an ovary and the uterus is prepared to recieve a fertilized egg
    Menstrual Cycle
  23. name given to follicle after ovulation becauseof its yellow color
    Corpus Luteum
  24. Phase of the menstral cycle during which the lining of the uterus, along with blood and the unfertilized egg is discharged through the vagina
    Menstruation
  25. Disease spread from one person to another during sexual contact.
    Sexually Transmitted Disease
  26. Fertilized egg
    Zygote
  27. Process in which a blastocyst attaches itself to the wall of the uterus
    Implantation
  28. Process of cell migration by which a third layer of cells is formed within the cavity of a blastocyst
    Gastrulation
  29. Development of the nervous system
    Neurulation
  30. Organ in placental mammals through which nutrients oxygen, carbon dioxide wastes exchanged between embroyo and mother
    Placenta
  31. Name given to a human embroyo after eight weeks of development
    Fetus

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